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Enable 08: Dignity and Justice for ALL

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Culture & Sports: participate in arts, sports and leisure. Bangladesh Handicap ... 2006 UNICEF household survey (20 countries, 200,000 households) indicated ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Enable 08: Dignity and Justice for ALL


1
Enable 08Dignity and Justicefor ALL
  • ..its easy to say.

2
Dignity and Justice universal principles for
all human beings
  • What does this mean in practice ?
  • firstly.respect for persons with disabilities
    as individuals
  • Equality the right to be treated as equal
    citizens
  • Safety the right to be safe from violence and
    abuse
  • Home Family the right to be part of a family
    and start one...have relationships...
  • Privacy the right to privacy, no matter where
    we live...

CIL Kathmandu, Nepal
3
Dignity and Justice universal principles for
all human beings
  • What does this mean in practice ?
  • 2nd....inclusion of persons with disabilities in
    the Community....
  •  Independent living a right to choose
  • how we live in the community
  • Work an equal right to work, in a
  • chosen job, and earn a living
  • Education an equal right to education,
  • alongside others
  • Health right to the best possible health care

India Self Help Groups (Coleridge)
4
Dignity and Justice universal principles for
all human beings
  • In practice this means
  • ...changes in society are needed...
  • Access equal right to access enjoyment of
    public
  • spaces/services
  • Political Life vote and a say in laws and
    policies
  • New attitudes treated as any other person
  • Culture Sports participate in arts, sports
    and leisure

Bangladesh Handicap International
5
Dignity and Justice for All The
challenges....
  • Getting the terminology right
  • Overcoming Societal obstacles and barriers
  • Righting the wrong assumptions
  • Disability is a Human Rights issue
  • The challenge of the poverty cycle
  • The Millennium Development Goals disability is
    not on the guest list
  • and the potentials....

6
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
1 Getting the terminology right
  • What is disability?
  • The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with
    Disabilities
  • Article 1
  •  
  • Persons with disabilities include those who have
    long-term physical, mental, intellectual, or
    sensory impairments which in interaction with
    various barriers may hinder their full and
    effective participation in society on an equal
    basis with others

7
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
1 Getting the terminology right
  • Maya 34 years old, lives in a rural area of
    Malawi...
  • ...injured her back in a road traffic accident
  • Taken district hospital, diagnosed spinal cord
    injury
  • (physical impairment).
  • Cannot move her legs can sit up, but cant walk
  • (functional limitation).
  • Family takes her home cant afford hospital
    care
  • (economic situation a barrier to recovery)
  • No social welfare system to assist with costs
  • (policy environment a barrier to
    affordability).

8
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
1 Getting the terminology right
  • Maya given a wheelchair but home on a hill, with
  • steps, so cant independently move around herself
  • (physical environment a barrier to mobility).
  • She can sit up and do many things, she stays
  • at home perception of her community is she
  • can no longer take part in community activities
  • (attitudes are a barrier to participation in
    community life)
  • RESULT gt Maya has a disability which is a
    combination of all
  • these factors.
  • Terminology should respect the dignity,
    rights and diversity of PWDs

9
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge 2
Overcoming Societal Obstacles Barriers
The Medical Model of disability
Welfare Social Services
Need for Cure Care
Sheltered Employment
Problem Disabled Individual
Medical Professionals
Special Institutions
Special Transport
Hospitals and medical services
Therapists Specialists
10
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge 2
Overcoming Societal Obstacles Barriers
The Social Model of disability
Prejudice Discrimination
No Employment opportunities/ discrimination
Isolation Segregation
Problem Disabling SOCIETY
No Rights
No access to education
Inadequate rehabilitation services
Inaccessible transport
Inaccessible Buildings (schools, offices,
hospitals)
11
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge 2
Overcoming Societal Obstacles Barriers
An integrated Approach is necessary for inclusion
of PWDs within society. No-gap solutions gt
12
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge 2
Overcoming Societal Obstacles Barriers
  • Access Audit of Shelters/Stands
  • Most shelters audited were inaccessible
  • Barriers No Steps, proper seating, lighting,
    signboards, route map, time charts,
  • no ramps
  • Access road potholed and flooded with water
  • Alternative use as a vending place fruits,
    snacks etc
  • For those with visual, hearing, speech,
    intellectual disabilities require escort
  • Private vehicle stands located in crowded
    places, no traffic signals, zebra crossings

13
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
3 Righting wrong assumptions
  • Assumption There are not so many persons with
    disability why make effort
  • for just a few?
  • Reality
  • An estimated 650 million persons with
    disabilities in the world - represents
  • between 7-10 of global population worlds
    largest minority group (WHO)
  • 80 live in developing countries (UNDP)
  • Estimated PWDs increased by 20 across the
    Asia Pacific region - Tsunami
  • Dec 04 (World Bank)
  • 2006 UNICEF household survey (20 countries,
    200,000 households) indicated
  • disability prevalence from 3 (Uzbequistan)
    - 48 (Central African Republic)
  • for children aged 2-9
  • 2007 disability survey in rural/urban highlands
    of PNG 12-30 prevalence
  • (Callan Services, VSO, Divine Word Univ,
    Melanesian Insitute)

14
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
3 Righting wrong assumptions
  • Assumption Costly solutions reside in hospitals,
    elaborate equipment and specialised medical
    staff.
  • Reality
  • Cost to ensure new buildings accessible averages
    1.12, ranging from 0.1
  • for public building to 3 for individual homes
  • CBR developed by WHO to give access to
    rehabilitation in communities
  • using predominantly local resources
  • Most needs of PWDs can be met by mainstreaming
    disability within programmes and services, with
    increased awareness, change in attitudes, and
    making minor (practical) adjustments , for
    example....

15
Minor Adjustments Can Mean a Lot (1)
Two wooden posts to guide a blind person to a
toilet or a water tap Water E ngineering
Development Centre Loughborough University, UK
16
Minor Adjustments Can Mean a Lot (2)
Raised Platform provides better access
Concrete ramp from house to toilet and water tap
17
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
4 Disability is a Human Rights issue
  • The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with
    Disabilities
  • Purpose to promote, protect and ensure the full
    and equal enjoyment of
  • all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all
    persons with disabilities, and to promote respect
    for their inherent dignity
  •  Significance
  • Affirms the rights of persons with disabilities
  • are human rights
  • Gives universal recognition to the dignity
  • of persons with disabilities.
  • Both a development and a human rights instrument

18
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
4 Disability is a Human Rights issue
  • The Convention marks a paradigm shift in
    attitudes and approaches to persons with
    disabilities. From charity to rights and
    dignity.
  •  
  • Persons with Disabilities are
  • not viewed as "objects" of charity, medical
    treatment and social protection
  • .but as "subjects" with rights, and capable of
    claiming those rights and
  • can make decisions for their lives based on
    their free and informed consent, and are..
  • active members of society.

19
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge 5 The
Poverty cycle...
  • WB estimates persons with disabilities comprise
    20 of poorest of the poor
  • As many as 50 of impairments leading to
    disabilities are preventable related to poverty

20
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21
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
6 The Millennium Development Goals Disability
is not (even) on the guest list !
  • Unless disabled people are brought into the
    development mainstream it will be impossible to
    cut poverty by half by 2015 or to give every girl
    and boy the chance to achieve a primary education
    by that date (i.e. achieve the MDGs)
  •  
  • James Wolfensohn, former president of the
    World Bank

22
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
6 The Millennium Development Goals Disability
is not (even) on the guest list !
  • MDG 1 Reduce extreme poverty and hunger by half
  • Challenges...
  • WB estimates persons with disabilities comprise
    20 of the poorest of the poor
  • Approx. 20 of all disabilities caused by
  • malnutrition and gt 10 by infectious diseases.
  • An estimated 80 of people with disabilities
  • are unemployed (ILO)
  •  

BPKS Bangladesh
23
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
6 The Millennium Development Goals Disability
is not (even) on the guest list !
  • MDG 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education
  • Challenge...
  • 90 of children with disabilities in developing
    countries do not attend school (UNESCO)
  • One third of the 77 million children out of
  • school have a disability (World Vision)
  •  

Includeeverybody.org
24
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
6 The Millennium Development Goals Disability
is not (even) on the guest list !
  • MDG 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower
    Women
  • Challenges...
  • WWD are recognised as doubly disadvantaged,
  • on account of gender disability
  • Women and girls with disabilities are more
    likely
  • to be victims of violence and sexual abuse.
  • Only 1 percent of women/girls with disabilities
    estimated to be literate
  • (UNDP).
  • WWDs often no access to vocational training,
    IGAs and micro-credit
  •  

CBM Naughton
25
Dignity and Justice for All Challenge
6 The Millennium Development Goals Disability
is not (even) on the guest list !
  • MDG 4 Reduce Child Mortality
  • Challenge...
  • Mortality for children with disabilities as high
    as 80 even in
  • countries where lt 5 mortality has decreased
    below 20 (DFID)
  • CWDs face discrimination in relation to
    life-saving treatments,
  • health care, child care services
  • and education
  •  

CBM Naughton
26
Dignity and Justice for All The
challenges....
  • Getting the terminology right
  • Overcoming Societal obstacles and barriers
  • Righting the wrong assumptions
  • Disability is a Human Rights issue
  • The challenge of the poverty cycle
  • The Millennium Development Goals disability is
    not on the guest list

27
Dignity and Justice for All The
challenges....and the potentials......
  • Getting the terminology right
  • respect the dignity, rights and diversity of PWDs
    (UNCRPD..)
  • reflect the social model of disability (societal
    barriers -gtdisability)
  • Overcoming Societal barriers/obstacles..
  • 1st recognize, then address physical,
    social,
  • cultural, institutional, attitudinal
    barriers.
  • No-gap solutions (e.g. rehab access
    attitudes)

28
Dignity and Justice for All The
challenges....and the potentials......
  • Righting the wrong assumptions
  • Worlds largest minority group
  • Solutions and adjustments not as difficult or
    costly
  • Disability is a Human Rights issue
  • Resource, advocate, implement, monitor, enforce
    the UNCRPD
  • Promote the shift from charity to rights
    and dignity
  • Strengthen disabled peoples orgs. for
    collective action
  •  

29
Dignity and Justice for All The
challenges....and the potentials......
  • 5. The challenge of the poverty cycle
  • CBR approach - access to rehabilitation in
    communities
  • Mainstream disability within all
    development programmes and
  • services - awareness, attitudes, PWD
    inclusion
  • The MDGs disability is not on the guest list of
    donors/govts
  • Disability a cross-cutting issue include govt.
    plans, PRSPs etc
  • Collect accurate reliable data to monitor
    inclusion PWDs
  • Participation of DPOs in MDG-related
    policy/decisions
  •  

30
Dignity and Justice for All Justice for
Balaama of Koppal ....
  • Case Study
  • challenges faced by a woman with an impairment
  • the value of training and livelihood support in
    building confidence
  • Societal barriers and discrimination
  • advocating for the rights for PWDs
  • the power of collective action at a political
    level
  • Dignity and Justice
  • achieved !!

31
Enable 08Dignity and Justicefor ALL
  • ..Thank you.
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