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The Early Renaissance

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Patron of the arts (Botticelli, Michelangelo) Savonarola (1452 1498) Women in the Renaissance ... Household Servants. Tennant Farmers. Shephards/Herders ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Early Renaissance


1
The Early Renaissance
2
Introduction
  • Re-birth
  • The Renaissance Man
  • Individualism
  • Humanism
  • Modern Nation, State born
  • Capitalism replaces feudalism
  • Science
  • Study of optics and linear perspective
  • Study of anatomy
  • Universities

3
Early Renaissance Florence, Italy
  • Economic wealth
  • Wool industry
  • Banking industry
  • Merchant princes
  • Awakening of the classics
  • Medici family
  • Cosimo de Medici
  • Lorenzo de Medici, The Magnificent
  • Reigned 1469-1492
  • Humanist
  • Patron of the arts (Botticelli, Michelangelo)
  • Savonarola (1452 1498)

4
Women in the Renaissance
  • Women idealized during the Renaissance
  • Virgin Mary
  • Venus
  • Women had little access to learning unless
    wealthy.
  • Aristocratic or convent life were only options
    for female intellectuals.

5
  • What set apart the Renaissance of the fifteenth
    century from the fourteenth century?
  • What were the causes of changes that took place?

6
Aristotles Great Chain of Being
  • Primum Mobile
  • Humans
  • Animals
  • Plants
  • Matter

7
              The Great Chain of
Being Medieval Worldview
God Angels Kings/Queens Archbishops Dukes/Duchess
es Bishops Marquises/Marchionesses Earls/Countesse
s Viscounts/Viscountesses Barons/Baronesses Abbots
/Deacons Knights/Local Officials Ladies-in-Waiting
Priests/Monks Squires Pages Messengers Merchants/
Shopkeepers Tradesmen Yeomen Farmers Soldiers/Town
Watch Household Servants Tennant
Farmers Shephards/Herders Beggars Actors Thieves/P
irates Gypsies Animals Birds Worms Plants Rocks
8
Machiavelli
  • Secular Humanism
  • The Prince secular political theory
  • Power is to be used with wisdom and ruthlessness
  • Prince must not be deterred by morality
  • Pragmatic
  • Authority not derived from God, but from power.

9
Pico della Mirandola
  • Diagram Picos worldview and explain how it
    differs from a medieval worldview.
  • All human learning can be synthesized to yield
    basic and elementary truths.
  • Oration is preface to 900 theses (intellectual
    propositions) which, according to Pico summed up
    all human learning.

10
Erasmus
  • Christian humanist
  • Friends with Thomas More (of Utopia)
  • Attempted to combine Classical learning and a
    simple approach to Christian living.
  • St. Francis of Assisi
  • Attempt to reconcile the renewal of Classical
    learning with medieval Christian teachings.

11
  • The word renaissance means rebirth.
  • In the Italian Renaissance, this concept is
    usually interpreted as a rebirth of interest in
    antiquity.
  • Explain how the Italian renaissance is more
    correctly labeled a synthesis of ancient and
    contemporary values.

12
Da Vinci Madonna of the Rocks, 1494
13
Da Vinci Last Supper, 1498
14
Masaccio The Holy Trinity
15
DaVinci Mona Lisa
16
MICHELANGELO CREATION OF ADAM
17
Michelangelo Pieta
18
MICHELANGELO DAVID
19
BOTTICELLI PALLAS CENTAUR, 1482
20
BOTTICELLI BIRTH OF VENUS, 1485
21
BOTTICELLI La PRIMAVERA, 1482
22
Brunelleschi Dome, Cathedral of Florence,1436
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