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19th CENTURY CULTURE

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Neo-Classicism. 2nd half of 19th century. New styles combining Russian & western influences ... Neo-Classicism. Romanticism. Romantic Realism. IVANOV, CHRIST ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 19th CENTURY CULTURE


1
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
2
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • LITERATURE
  • 1820-1880 GOLDEN AGE
  • Dominated by Romanticism esp. Realism
  • Greatest writer of 1st half of century
    ALEXANDER PUSHKIN
  • Brilliant, socially conscious writer
  • Standardized Russian literary language
  • Transformed writing into profession
  • Greatest works Evgenii Onegin, The Bronze
    Horseman

3
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
Herzen
  • LITERATURE
  • 1820-1880 GOLDEN AGE
  • After 1830s, prose became predominant literary
    form
  • Greatest Realist prose writer of period
    NIKOLAI GOGOL
  • tremendous influence on development of Russian
    lit.
  • great works Inspector General, Dead Souls
  • Development of LITERARY CRITICISM

Belinsky
4
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • LITERATURE
  • 1820-1880 GOLDEN AGE
  • 2nd half of 19th century literature imbued with
    social message
  • NIKOLAI CHERNYASHEVSKY What is to Be Done
  • Emergence of literary giants
  • IVAN TURGENEV Fathers Sons, Nest of the
    Gentry
  • FEDOR DOSTOEVSKY Crime Punishment, Brothers
    Karamazov
  • LEV TOLSTOY War and Peace, Anna Karenina

5
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • LITERATURE
  • End of 19th/beginning of 20th century
  • Other influential writers emerged
  • ANTON CHEKOV The Cherry Orchard, Uncle Vanya
  • MAXIM GORKY Mother, The Lower Depths
    (Socialist Realism)
  • SILVER AGE Symbolism, Acmeism, Futurism
  • ALEXANDER BLOK, ANDREI BELY, OSIP MANDELSTAM,
    ANNA AKHMATOVA, VLADIMIR MAIAKOVSKY

6
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • ARCHITECTURE
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Neo-Classicism

ADMIRALTY, ST. PETERSBURG
KAZAN CATHEDRAL, ST. PETERSBURG
ST. ISAAKS CATHEDRAL, ST. PETERSBURG
BOLSHOI THEATER, MOSCOW
7
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • ARCHITECTURE
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Neo-Classicism
  • 2nd half of 19th century
  • New styles combining Russian western
    influences
  • Art Nouveau

RIABUSHINSKY (GORKY) HOUSE, MOSCOW
STATE HISTORICAL MUSEUM, MOSCOW
CATHEDRAL OF THE SAVIOR ON SPLIT BLOOD, ST.
PETERSBURG
RIABUSHINSKY (GORKY) HOUSE, MOSCOW
8
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • ART
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Neo-Classicism
  • Romanticism
  • Romantic Realism

A. VENETSIANOV, HERDER BOY
K. BRULOV, LAST DAYS OF POMPEI
  1. IVANOV, CHRIST APPEARING BEFORE THE PEOPLE

P. FEDOTOV, NEWLY DECORATED OFFICIAL
P. FEDOTOV, PORTRAIT OF A. P. ZHDANOVICH
A. VENETSIANOV, THE REAPERS
9
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • ART
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Neo-Classicism
  • Romanticism
  • Romantic Realism
  • 2nd half of 19th century
  • Realism
  • ITINERANTS SCHOOL

I. REPIN, IVAN THE TERRIBLE HIS SON
I. REPIN, COSSACKS DRAFTING A LETTER TO THE SULTAN
V. PEROV, EASTER PROCESSION IN THE VILLAGE
V. SURIKOV, MORNING OF THE EXECUTION OF THE
STRELTSY
I. KRAMSKOI, PORTRAIT OF AN OLD PEASANT
10
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • ART
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Neo-Classicism
  • Romanticism
  • Romantic Realism
  • 2nd half of 19th century
  • Realism
  • ITINERANTS SCHOOL
  • New themes
  • WORLD OF ART Movement

V. SEROV, THE RAPE OF EUROPA
N. GONCHAROVA, BIRTH OF CHRIST
M. VRUBEL, SEATED DEMON
M. CHAGALL, I THE VILLAGE
11
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIP
  • 1st half of 19th century
  • Expansion of higher education
  • 2nd half of 19th century
  • Mathematics
  • SOPHIA KOVALEVSKAIA
  • Chemistry
  • DMITRI MENDELEEV
  • Physics (Electricity Magnetism
  • PAVEL YABLOCHKOV
  • ALEXANDER POPOV

12
19th CENTURY CULTURE THOUGHT
  • SCIENCE SCHOLARSHIP
  • 2nd half of 19th century
  • Biological sciences
  • VLADIMIR KOVALEVSKY
  • Medicine
  • NIKOLAI PIRAGOV
  • Psychology Physiology
  • IVAN PAVLOV
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