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Adaptation to climate [change] impacts

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Vulnerability Assessments and Adaptation to ... vulnerability and adaptation assessments ... for Impact, Vulnerability and Adaptation assessment, as part ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adaptation to climate [change] impacts


1

Vulnerability Assessments and Adaptation to
Climate Change Consultations on the Relationship
between Climate and human rights Geneva 22
October 2008 Festus Luboyera UNFCCC
Secretariat
2
Outline
  • The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • Key commitments under the UNFCCC
  • Urgent need for Adaptation
  • Approaches to vulnerability and adaptation
    assessments
  • Efforts to enhance work on vulnerability and
    adaptation issues
  • National Adaptation Programmes of Actions (NAPAS
  • Nairobi Work Programme
  • Adaptation under the Bali Action Plan
  • Financial resources
  • Concluding Remarks

3
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change
  • 192 Parties near universal membership
  • The ultimate objective of the Convention change
    is inevitable, but pace and intensity must be
    managed so that people and ecosystems can adapt.
  • Principle of common but differentiated
    responsibilities and respective capabilities
    developed countries must take the lead

4
Key commitments under the UNFCCC
  • All Parties shall Cooperate in preparing for
    adaptation to the impacts of climate change
    develop and elaborate appropriate and integrated
    plans for coastal zone management, water
    resources and agriculture, and for the protection
    and rehabilitation of areas, particularly in
    Africa, affected by drought and desertification,
    as well as floods.
  • Article 4.1 (e)

5
Key commitments under the UNFCCC
  • All Parties shall Take climate change
    considerations into account, to the extent
    feasible, in their relevant social, economic and
    environmental policies and actions, and employ
    appropriate methods, for example impact
    assessments, formulated and determined
    nationally, with a view to minimizing adverse
    effects on the economy, on public health and on
    the quality of the environment, of projects or
    measures undertaken by them to mitigate or adapt
    to climate change.
  • Article 4.1 (f)

6
Key commitments under the UNFCCC
  • The developed country Parties shall also
    assist the developing country Parties that are
    particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of
    climate change in meeting costs of adaptation to
    those adverse effects.
  • - Article 4.4

7
Key commitments under the UNFCCC
  • The Parties shall take full account of the
    specific needs and special situations of the
    least developed countries in their actions with
    regard to funding and transfer of technology.
  • Article 4.9

8
Urgent need for Adaptation
  • Adaptation coping with climatic change taking
    measures to reduce the negative effects, or
    exploit the positive ones, by making appropriate
    adjustments.
  • Adaptation is inevitable
  • Developing countries will be most affected.
  • Strong adaptation policies and support need to
    be in place very soon

9
TWO APPROACHES TO VULNERABILITY AND ADAPTATION
ASSESSMENTS
10
Efforts to enhance work on vulnerability and
adaptation issues
  • Support for Impact, Vulnerability and Adaptation
    assessment, as part of National Communications
  • Further implementation of actions including on
    data and modelling, vulnerability and adaptation
    assessment and implementation under the Buenos
    Aires Programme of work on adaptation (2004)
  • Addressing special needs of LDCs through the
    NAPAs
  • Science and technical advice on adaptation
    Nairobi Work Programme (adopted at COP 12 in
    Nairobi in 2006)
  • Enhanced Action on adaptation under the Bali
    action Plan (2007)

11
National Adaptation Programmes of Actions (NAPAS)
  • Rationale for NAPA rests on low adaptive capacity
    of LDCs
  • Serves as mechanism for assessment and
    communication of urgent and immediate adaptation
    needs in LDCs
  • Steps include information synthesis, assessment
    of vulnerability to climate variability and
    extreme events and potential risk areas,
    identification of key adaptation measures,
    selection of prioritized set of activities.
  • 32 NAPAs submitted thus far (out of 48 LDC
    Parties)
  • Rough estimate of total cost of NAPA
    implementation in all 48 Parties - around US1
    billion
  • USD 163 million pledged as of COP 13

12
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13
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14
Adaptation under the Bali Action Plan
  • Discussions in Accra (August 2008)
  • National planning and adaptation
  • Streamlining and scaling up financial and
    technical support
  • Enhancing knowledge sharing
  • Institutional frameworks

15
Financial resources
  • Improving means and accessibility to the
    adaptation financing improved livelihoods
  • Need to generate significant financial and
    technological support to enable meaningful action
    by developing countries.
  • The GEF funding is not enough
  • Current carbon market is insufficient and
    doesnt guarantee geographical distribution
  • UNFCCC report (2007)indicates that Investment and
    financial flows needed for adaptation globally
    are likely to be tens of billions of dollars per
    year several decades from now
  • How could the carbon market structure be
    expanded?
  • Can other mechanisms be developed?

16
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17
Concluding Remarks
  • The convention process has provided for
  • the assessments of vulnerability and adapation
    options for sectors and countries that are most
    vulnerable to the impacts of climate change
  • possible funding abeit not adequate at the moment
  • development of national policy options for
    adaptation
  • The Convention works to ensure food and health
    security as well sustainable development
  • Copenhagen 2009 needs to ensure that all
    stakeholders participate in the development of
    adaptation policies and green economic growth

18
Thank You
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