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Aviation Weather: Opportunities for Implementation Training

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Flight Engineers. Flight Navigators. Training Requirements ... 61-23 Pilot's Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge. Emerging ACs ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aviation Weather: Opportunities for Implementation Training


1
Aviation Weather Opportunities for
ImplementationTraining
  • Robert A. Wright
  • Manager, Flight Technologies and Procedures
    Division, AFS-400
  • Federal Aviation Administration

2
What is different about weather training?
  • Rather than relying on a single source of
    information, weather requires the user to open a
    vast toolbox of products.
  • Each product must be understood on its own
    merits, weaknesses, and limitations and its
    relationship to other products.
  • Weather information requires a high level of
    correlation on the part of the user to put the
    whole picture together.

3
Training Requirements
  • Regulatory Standards for
  • Pilots
  • Flight Instructors
  • Ground Instructors
  • Dispatchers
  • Air Traffic Controllers
  • Flight Engineers
  • Flight Navigators

4
Training Requirements
  • Specified in the appropriate Part of CFR 14
  • Airmen 61, 63, 65
  • Operators 91, 121, 135
  • Schools 141, 142
  • Supported by Training Guidance and Evaluation
    Standards
  • Advisory Circulars
  • Safety Program Materials
  • Industry Instructional Materials
  • Knowledge Test Standards
  • Practical Test Standards

5
Training Guidance
  • Government Sources
  • FAA
  • NWS
  • Industry Sources
  • Avionics Manufacturers
  • Service Providers
  • User Groups
  • Training Publishers and Providers

6
Government Training Guidance
  • Aeronautical Information Manual
  • Current Advisory Circulars (ACs)
  • 00-6 Aviation Weather
  • 00-45 Aviation Weather Services
  • 60-21 Flight Training Handbook
  • 60-27 Instrument Flying Handbook
  • 61-23 Pilots Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge
  • Emerging ACs
  • 00-FIS Flight Information Services
  • 90-EFB Electronic Flight Bag

7
Evaluation Standards
1. Exhibits adequate knowledge of aviation
weather information by obtaining, reading, and
analyzing the applicable items such as a.
weather reports and forecasts. b. pilot and radar
reports. c. surface analysis charts. d. radar
summary charts. e. significant weather
prognostics. f. winds and temperatures aloft. g.
freezing level charts. h. stability charts.
FAA-S-8081-10A Aircraft Dispatcher Practical
Test Standards

8
Product Evolution
  • As the emergence of new weather products
    accelerates, training may need to shift from
    product-centric to application-centric.
  • Guidance must be provided for pilots to assess
    the suitability, application and integration of
    weather products to a particular operation.

9
Evolution of Training Materials
  • Aeronautical Information Manual
  • ACs, pamphlets, quick reference guides.
  • Online, down-loadable, and/or CD-ROM tutorials,
    including interactive trainers.

10
Training Uncertainties or Risks
  • Product development must include training
    capabilities (by government or industry, as
    appropriate).
  • For the benefits of new products to be fully
    realized, training must provide the ability to
    integrate with other weather sources to promote
    sound decisionmaking.

11
The Importance of Training - An Example
  • The Hazardous Misleading Information
    Concept.
  • Airborne Weather Radar
  • The two indications of severe precipitation are

12
Training Example
  • An indication of high reflectivity

MODE
RANGE
80
80
160
TEST
80
40
MAP
40
WxA
20
Wx
POWER
10
GAIN
TILT
BRT
ON
OFF
13
Training Example
  • An indication of a void in reflectivity...

RANGE
MODE
80
80
160
TEST
80
40
MAP
40
WxA
20
Wx
POWER
10
GAIN
TILT
BRT
ON
OFF
14
Implementation does not occur until the user is
prepared to use the new technology...
  • Training is the key!
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