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Certainly computing is great... ( but) when you're looking at the poorest (of the poor) ... Diagnostic equipment - ECG, Blood pressure, Heart sounds, Pulse rate, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Emmanuel%20C.%20Lallana,%20PhD%20Chief%20Executive,%20ideacorp

Emmanuel C. Lallana, PhDChief Executive, ideacorp
  • Sustainability
  • and Bricolage

  • Certainly computing is great... (but) when you're
    looking at the poorest (of the poor)... a
    computer is not their most urgent need
  • - Bill Gates

Why ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • ICT is key to improving the resource allocation
    process and the efficient implementation of
  • eGovernment as enhanced delivery of public
  • Do NGOs use ICT to improve internal operations
    and for more efficient implementation of program?

Why ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  1. ICT also has much to offer in meeting the
    information-communication needs of rural

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • Karakoram Area Development Organization (KADO) in
    Hunza Valley, Pakistan
  • Telecenters are being run on cost-recovery basis
    in partnership with local communities.
  • Software training for rural women
  • handicraft e-commerce initiative to promote local
    products made by women and disabled artisans.
  • www.kado.net.pk

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • SeedNet of PhilRice
  • Enhance seed centres ability to multiply
    foundation seeds from local farmers sell them
    to commercial seed growers for further
  • 100 accredited SeedNet members, 35,000 seed
    growers and about 1m rice farmers.
  • by March 2006, the project was receiving more
    than 600 text queries per month.

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
Remote Medical Diagnostics or ReMeDi
  • Diagnostic equipment - ECG, Blood pressure,
    Heart sounds, Pulse rate, Temperature, Image
  • Telemedicine software - Video and audio
    conferencing, Data presentation and
    display, Electronic patient records are
    accessible at any time, print facility

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • Since 1997 Grameen Telecom in collaboration with
    Grameen Bank, empowered thousands of rural women
    by providing them with Money Making Cellular
    Phone under the project PALLI PHONE which means
    Village Phone (VP).

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • ICT enhanced education for the Filipino
    out-of-school youth
  • 6 of 10 Filipino youth who enter Grade 1 drop out
    before they graduate High School
  • Certificate of Commendation for the Non-Formal
    Educator Category UNESCO ICT in Education
    Innovation Awards, 2007-2008

How ICT Matters (even for the poor)?
  • Bhoomi (meaning land in the local language)
    project aims to
  • restore the efficiency in management of land
    records in the Indian state of Karnataka.
  • rectify the existing inefficient system of
    creation, updating, storage, retrieval and issue
    of agricultural land records

The road to hell...
  • While we see a favourable structural impact
    through the use of Bhoomi project in Mandya (in
    the sense that farmers are facilitated in
    accessing more credit through formal channels and
    with an assumption that formal credit has a
    positive development impact on the farmers) that
    the projects designers would have hoped for, ....

The road to hell...
  • .... in Koppal, however, the project use tends
    to reinforce the existing (exploitative) land
    relations, which is contrary to what various land
    reforms initiatives have called for land to the
  • Amit Prakash and Rahul De Enactment of
    Technology Structures in ICT4D Projects A Study
    of Computerization of Land Records in India

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Context
  • Community Participation
  • GKP Principles of Multistakeholder Partnerships
  • Sustainability
  • financial, social, institutional, technological,
    and environmental

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • financial sustainability is the long-term ability
    of ICT projects to generate enough income to meet
    operational maintenance costs, plus a
    reasonable surplus for renewing broken obsolete
    equipment .

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • technological sustainability includes
    operational simplicity, flexibility,
    maintainability, robustness and also the
    availability and capability of technical and
    managerial personnel.

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • social sustainability requires user buy-in
  • taking into account local traditions, differences
    within communities, empowering marginalized
    groups, sharing aligning goals with local
    people adapting to evolving community needs l

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • social sustainability is also about looking
    beyond equitable access and asking whether the
    access is actually to something useful and
    provides relevant content

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • institutional sustainability is closely related
    to social sustainability, pointing to the buy-in
    of key institutional actors

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • institutional sustainability
  • Implementation of ICT4D projects is a highly
    political process the ICT artifact needs to
    become institutionalized accepted by political
  • Once the ICT artifact is accepted as a social
    fact it is maintained because of its legitimacy
    regardless of the evidence of its technical value.

Main ICT4D Challenges
  • Sustainability
  • environmental sustainability includes planning
    for eventual disposal or reuse of ICT hardware
    when they reach the end of their effective life

Why ICT4D Projects Fail
  • unable to meet one or more types of
  • the design-reality gap
  • unintended consequences

From Sustainability to Bricolage
  • Nothing has ever been sustainable, and nothing
    will ever be. Change is inevitable, and ICT for
    development project practitioners and theorists
    must be open to the fact that they are living in
    a fast-moving world.

From Sustainability to Bricolage
  • Like stakeholder analyses, sustainability models
    and frameworks will not predict the future or
    guarantee a sustainable project.
  • Ali Bailur The Challenge of 'Sustainability in

From Sustainability to Bricolage
  • Bricolage - tinkering through the combination of
    resources at hand. These resources become the
    tools and they define in situ the heuristic to
    solve the problem.
  • Bricolage is about leveraging the world as
    defined by the situation.

  • no general scheme or model is available only
    local cues from a situation are trusted and
    exploited in a somewhat blind and reflective way,
    aiming at obtaining ad hoc solutions by applying
    heuristics rather than high theory
  • C. U. Ciborra (1994) p. 16

  • End of Presentation
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