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Hazard Control Technologies, Inc'

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Title: Hazard Control Technologies, Inc'


1
Hazard Control Technologies, Inc.
Energetech, LLC
  • Presents

2
F-500 Micelle Encapsulator Technology
  • The new chemistry in fire, vapor,
  • and contamination control

3
Who is Hazard Control Technologies ?
4
Hazard Control Technologies (HCT)
  • World Headquarters (Atlanta, GA)
  • General Administrative
  • Sales and Marketing
  • Engineering and Design Services
  • Customer Field Support Services
  • Manufacturing
  • Worldwide Distributor Organization
  • Web-site
  • http//www.hct-world.com

5
United States - Regions
6
ISO 9001 2000 Quality System Registration
  • International Organization of Standards
    supported by 120 countries
  • Assures consistent, reproducible, and traceable
    quality and reliability of the design,
    manufacturing process, and product
  • Registered through FM Approvals, a division of FM
    Global (recognized leader in fire protection
    industry)
  • Only 7.6 of U.S. companies are ISO 9001
    registered

7
What is F-500 ?
8
F-500
  • F-500 is a multi-purpose Class A B fire
    suppression and flammable liquid spill control
    agent.
  • F-500 is listed on the US EPA NCP product
    schedule.National Contingency Plan
  • F-500 emerging technology is classified under a
    new NFPA standard currently being developed.
  • Water Additives for Fire Suppression and vapor
    Mitigation

9
Paving the Road to a New Standard (Understanding
Fire Suppression Mechanics)
  • Wetting Agent - NFPA 18
  • Reduction of Surface Tension (lt 33 dyne/cm2)
  • Increased wetted surface area
  • Increased penetration
  • Foam - NFPA 11 (B) NFPA 1151 (A)
  • Reduction of Surface Tension (18 dyne/cm2)
  • Wetting Time (Spreading Coefficient)
  • Formation and Maintenance of a Blanket
  • Expansion Ratio
  • Quarter Life Drain Time

10
Paving the Road to a New Standard (Understanding
Fire Suppression Mechanics)
  • Foam - NFPA 11 (B) NFPA 1151 (A)
  • Reduction of Surface Tension (18 dyne/cm2)
  • Wetting Time (Spreading Coefficient)
  • Formation and Maintenance of a Blanket
  • Expansion Ratio
  • Quarter-Life Drain Time
  • F-500 - Water Additive - NFPA New
  • Reduction of Surface Tension (lt 25 dyne/cm2)
  • Increased wetted surface
  • Increased penetration
  • Formation and Maintenance of Micelles
  • Micelle Chemical Cocoons
  • Liquid and Vapor Phases
  • Free Radical Chain Reaction Interruption
  • Rapid Heat Reduction

11
Historical Development of Water Additives
Technical Committee
  • 1997 - Foam Technical Committee oversaw both
  • NFPA 11 Foam
  • NFPA 18 Wetting Agents
  • 1997-1998 - HCT Solicited NFPA Standards Council
    that a new group of agents exist whose fire
    suppression mechanics are different and do not
    fall into either category
  • 1999 - NFPA Standards Council formed new
    Technical Committee Water Additives for Fire
    Control and Vapor Mitigation

12
F-500 Water Additive Characteristics
  • F-500 is not a Foam !!!
  • F-500 Does not rely of the formation and
    maintenance of a foam blanket
  • Superior Heat Reduction ()
  • Superior Penetration Capabilities
  • Superior Smoke Reduction
  • Ideal agent for 3-dimensional type applications

13
F-500 Applications
  • Fire Extinguishment
  • Class A Fires
  • Class B Fires
  • Polar Solvents
  • Non-Polar Solvents
  • Fire Extinguishers
  • Surface Washing, Soil Washing / Bio Remediation
    Enhancement
  • Hazardous Spill Control
  • Vapor Suppression

14
F-500 Class A Fire - Applications
  • Wood / Paper
  • Cotton
  • Hay / Straw / Grain
  • Coal
  • Coconut
  • Fiberglass
  • Plastics (PVC, HDPE, Etc.)
  • Rubber Tires

15
F-500 Class B Fire - Applications
  • Non-Polar Solvents (Hydrocarbons)
  • Gasoline / Diesel
  • Jet A / JP4 / JP5 / JP8
  • Crude / Oils
  • Polar Solvents
  • Isopropyl Alcohol
  • Methanol
  • Methyl Ethyl Ketone
  • MTBE
  • Rubber Tires

16
Chemistry of Fire
  • Fire Tetrahedron
  • Oxygen
  • Fuel
  • Heat
  • Chemical Chain Reaction (Free Radical)
  • Fire Suppression
  • Elimination of one or more legs of the fire
    tetrahedron

17
Fire Suppression Mechanics for Class A and B Fires
  • Foam
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Formation and Maintenance of a Blanket
  • Oxygen
  • F-500
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Formation and Maintenance of Micelles
  • Interrupt Free Radical Chain Reaction
  • Fuel
  • Heat
  • Free Radical
  • F-500 works simultaneously on three legs of the
    fire tetrahedron

18
F-500 Fire Suppression Mechanics
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Reduce from 72 dynes/cm to less than 33 dynes/cm
  • Increases wetted surface area and penetration
  • Acts as a carrier of the F-500 molecules that
    form micelles
  • Micelle Formation and Maintenance
  • Interruption of Chemical Chain Reaction

19
High Surface Tension Illustration
  • Example of High Surface Tension
  • Waxed Car
  • The water on the right has beaded up due to the
    high surface tension of the water molecule.
  • Conversely, F-500 reduces the surface tension

20
F-500 Surface Tension Reduction
  • Top is 5 mls of plain water
  • Plain water covers 27.5 (1/4 squares)
  • Bottom is 5 mls of water with 3 F-500
  • F-500 treated water covers 298 (1/4 squares)
  • Represents over a 1000 increase in the wetted
    surface area

21
F-500 Extinguishment Power
  • If
  • One (1) gallon of plain water equals one (1) fire
    extinguishment unit
  • Then
  • One (1) gallon of water with F-500 equals twenty
    (20) to thirty (30) fire extinguishment units
  • Why twenty (20) to thirty (30) ?

22
Application to a Fire
  • Materials have pores like the pores in your skin
  • Coal
  • Wood
  • Cotton
  • Paper
  • Steel
  • In addition to 10 times the wetted surface area
    F-500s reduced surface tension allows
    penetration into the pores
  • One contributing factor to rapid reduction of heat

23
Fire Tetrahedron Components



Free Radicals




Oxygen

Heat
Fuel
24
Comparison
  • Plain Water

F-500
25
Comparison
  • Plain Water

F-500
26
Comparison
  • Plain Water

F-500








27
Excerpt - NFPA Section 18
  • Both experience and tests have indicated that
    the addition of a proper wetting agent to water
    will, when properly applied, increase the
    extinguishing efficiency of that water by
    reducing the quantity of water needed and the
    amount of time needed to effectively fight the
    fire.
  • Certain types of fires, such as those in baled
    cotton, stacked hay, some rubber compounds, and
    some flammable liquids, that do no ordinarily
    respond to treatment with water might be
    extinguished when a proper wetting agent is used.
    This property can be attributed to an increase
    in the penetrating, spreading, and emulsifying
    powers of water due to factors such as a lowering
    of the surface tension. As a result, the treated
    water acquires the ability to penetrate into
    small openings and recesses that water would flow
    over by the simple bridging action of the surface
    film.

28
F-500 Fire Suppression Mechanics
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Micelle Formation and Maintenance
  • Amphipathic Molecule
  • F-500 molecules align to form a chemical cocoon
    around hydrocarbon molecules
  • Interruption of Free Radical Chain Reaction

29
F-500 Technology Micelle Formation and
Maintenance
  • F-500 is an Amphipathic molecule
  • Large molecule with a polar end and a non-polar
    end with sufficient distance between so that each
    end acts independently
  • Polar end (hydrophilic - loves water)
  • Soluble, it dissolves in water
  • Non-polar end (hydrophobic - fears/hates water)
  • Acts like a heat seeking missile - seeks out
    molecules other than water (such as hydrocarbon)
  • F-500 molecules align to form a chemical cocoon
    around the hydrocarbon molecules

30
Water Droplet Comparison
Plain Water
F-500

Polar End (-)
Non-Polar End ()
31
F-500 Molecule Micelle Formation
Polar End (-)
Non-Polar End ()
Hydrocarbon
Water
32
Introduction of Micelles






33
F-500 Fire Suppression Mechanics
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Micelle Formation and Maintenance
  • Interruption of Free Radical Chain Reaction
  • F-500 high molecular weight molecule absorbs
    energy
  • F-500 inhibits coalescence of free radicals
  • Reduction of smoke

34
Water Droplet Close-up
Non-Polar End ()
Polar End (-)
.
.
.
.
Free Radical
35
F-500 Fire Suppression Mechanics Review
  • Synergistic Effects (Class A and B Fires)
  • Surface Tension Reduction
  • Increased wetted surface area
  • Increased penetration into pores
  • Rapid knockdown
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Micelle Formation and Maintenance
  • Forms a chemical cocoon around liquid and vapor
    (Class B)
  • Renders Class B materials nonflammable (Locked
    Up)
  • Interrupt Free Radical Chain Reaction (Class A
    and B)
  • F-500 high molecular weight molecule absorbs free
    radical energy
  • F-500 inhibits coalescence of free radicals
  • Reduction of smoke

36
F-500 Features and Benefits
  • The New Standard

37
F-500 The Engineered Advantage
  • UL listed for Class A B
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Smoke dissipation / Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors

38
F-500 Equipment and Application Procedures
  • F-500 has been examined and found to comply with
    the applicable requirements in the Standard for
    Foam Equipment and Liquid Concentrates, UL 162
  • F-500 is listed for use in standard foam
    equipment
  • eductors (in-line, by-pass, etc.)
  • proportioners (on board, around the pump, etc.)
  • premix
  • F-500 is UL listed for Class A and Class B fires
    at 1, 3, and 6 .
  • F-500 can be used with both fresh and salt water
  • Corrosion effect of salt water would apply if
    used with salt water

39
F-500 The Engineered Advantage
  • UL listed for Class A B
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Smoke dissipation / Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors

40
Fast Extinguishment Time
  • Less liability and risk to firefighters, owners,
    and insurance companies
  • Less economical losses to the owner
  • When fire burns it causes damage
  • Uses less Product and Water
  • Product and Water use is a function of
    extinguishment time
  • Less clean-up cost
  • Less wear and tear on equipment
  • Independently documented by
  • Major Oil Company / Reno Fire Dept.

41
Independent Fire Extinguishment Test (F-500 vs.
UL 162 Rated Foam)
  • Independent test conducted by Major Oil Company
    in The Middle East
  • Test Parameters
  • 8 Tests (4 Foam tests, 4 F-500 tests)
  • 2 each _at_ 2 min 2 each _at_ 3 min preburn
  • 3,390 Ft2 (315 M2 ) Pit Area
  • 3,000 Gal (11,625 L) Fresh crude oil
  • 1-1/2 in (38 mm) fuel depth
  • 2 nozzles _at_ 119 Gal / min (450 L / min)
  • All tests _at_ 3 product eduction rate

42
Independent Test Results (F-500 vs. UL 162
Rated Foam)
Avg. Extinguishment Time Foam - 180.5 Sec F-500 -
26.75 Sec Avg. Product Usage Foam - 21.46
Gallons F-500 - 3.18 Gallons
43
F-500 The Engineered Advantage
  • UL listed for Class A B
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Smoke dissipation / Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors

44
Fire Fact
  • Heat and Smoke
  • Eliminates 1 cause of death
  • 80 of fire related fatalities are related to
    heat and/or smoke inhalation

45
Rapid Heat Reduction
46
Rapid Heat and Smoke Reduction Benefits
  • Heat
  • Reduces the chance of spontaneous combustion of
    surrounding infrastructure
  • Allows closer, more aggressive and safer attack
    of the fire
  • Faster extinguishment time
  • Reduces heat exhaustion and injury

47
F-500 The Engineered Advantage
  • UL listed for Class A B
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Smoke dissipation / Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors

48
Smoke Dissipation (Increase in Visibility)
49
Rapid Heat and Smoke Reduction Benefits
  • Smoke
  • 68 increase in visibility provides a safer, more
    visual attack of the fire
  • Can see potential life-threatening hazards
  • Allows closer, more aggressive and safer attack
    of the fire
  • Tests show a 97 reduction of airborne toxic
    particulates of incomplete combustion
  • Reduced soot formation
  • Indicates interruption of free radical chain
    reaction

50
F-500 The Engineered Advantage
  • UL listed for Class A B
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat reduction
  • Smoke dissipation / Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors

51
F-500 Vapor Reduction
52
Rapid Vapor Mitigation
  • F-500 locks up vapors
  • Reduces explosion hazard
  • Renders flammable liquids nonflammable
  • Reduces burnback and flashover
  • Shortens down time in tank cleaning operations
  • Increases safety in firefighting, spill control,
    and tank cleaning
  • Environmentally beneficial to ozone

53
F-500 Engineered Environmental Advantages
  • Noncorrosive
  • Nontoxic
  • Nonhazardous
  • 100 Fully Biodegradable

54
F-500 Corrosion Comparison
55
F-500 Corrosion Benefits
  • F-500 has no more corrosive effect on equipment
    than plain water
  • F-500 is 30 times less corrosive than currently
    manufactured AFFF
  • F-500 actually acts as a lubricant and cleaning
    agent to equipment
  • Less corrosion damage to surrounding
    infrastructure

56
Environmentally Friendly
  • Nontoxic
  • F-500 meets or exceeds applicable toxicity
    testing
  • LD50 - Oral Toxicity Test (Rat Test)
  • LC50 - Aquatic Toxicity Test (Fresh and Salt
    Water)
  • EC50 - Microbial Toxicity Test
  • Non Mutagenic
  • Toluene fire treated with F-500 produced smoke
    and combustion byproducts found to be 98.6 less
    toxic than compounds from untreated fires

57
Environmentally Friendly
  • Nonhazardous
  • F-500 contains no ingredients reportable under
    the Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act
    (SARA) Title III, Section 313 of 40 CFR-372 or
    the Comprehensive Environmental Response,
    Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) as of
    July 1, 1995
  • F-500 is discarded as non-hazardous waste under
    RCRA CFR-261
  • Biodegradable
  • 100 fully biodegradable
  • F-500 BOD is 87 less and COD is 80 less than
    the AR-AFFF Environmentally Responsive
    Formulation

58
Environmental Data
  • BOD - Biochemical Oxygen Demand
  • A standardized means of estimating the degree of
    contamination of water supplies, especially those
    which receive contamination from sewage and
    industrial wastes.
  • COD - Chemical Oxygen Demand
  • Refers to the amount of oxygen, expressed in
    parts per million, consumed under specific
    conditions in the oxidation of the organic and
    oxidizable inorganic matter contained in an
    industrial waste water.

59
BOD/COD Graphical Comparison
60
Understanding BOD and COD
61
F-500 Growing Market Acceptance
  • Municipal Fire Department Market
  • Class A B Fire Suppression Applications
  • Class B Spill Control Applications
  • Power Companies (Fixed Systems Handline)
  • Coal Handling Systems (PRB Coal)
  • Turbines / Generator / Boiler / Transformers
  • Petro-Chemical
  • Class B Spill Control Applications
  • Tank Cleaning Devaporization
  • Pipeline Cleaning Devaporization
  • Soil Washing

62
F-500 Growing Market Acceptance
  • Rubber Tire Industry (Fixed Systems Handline)
  • Production Lines Areas
  • Warehouse Storage
  • Scrap Pile Storage
  • Paper Industry (Fixed Systems Handline)
  • Raw Material Stock Piles
  • Recycling Stock Piles
  • Hydraulic Pit Press Areas
  • Warehouse Storage
  • Military
  • Structural Fire Fighting
  • Spill Control

63
F-500 Economical Advantages
  • Fastest knockdown capability in the industry
  • Uses less product than foam
  • Less clean-up cost
  • Limits liquidated fire damage
  • Demo Test Results
  • Case Histories

64
The New Technology in Fire Protection
F-500 Being Developed by NFPA Technical Committee
FOAM UL 162 Test Protocols
65
Field Support
  • Training
  • Hazard Control Technologies, Inc. offer field
    training to client personnel in the safe,
    effective use of F-500 products and assist in
    the integration of our product into your existing
    training regimen.
  • Technical
  • Members of NFPA and sit on several technical
    committees.

66
F-500 The New Standard
  • UL listed for existing foam equipment
  • Fast extinguishment time
  • Rapid heat and smoke dissipation
  • Increase in visibility
  • Eliminates vapors
  • Noncorrosive
  • Nontoxic
  • Nonhazardous
  • 100 biodegradable

67
Bottom Line
  • If youre not using F-500 … youre just playing
    with fire !!!

68
Distributor Contact Information
  • ENERGETECH, LLC
  • 7427 S. Main St.
  • Midvale, UT 84047
  • (801) 566-5678 (800) 972-1736
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