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Introduction to Medical Humanities

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Association of American Medical Colleges. What is humanities? ... http://www.aamc.org/meded/msop/msop1.pdf. CanMEDS 2000 Project ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction to Medical Humanities


1
??? ??????????????
  • 1983-86 ??????? ?????
  • 1986-89 ??????? ???????
  • 1990-93 ?????? (???????)
  • 1993-95 ?????? (????????)
  • 1995-99 ????????
  • 1999-2001 ?????? (?????)

2
Introduction to Medical Humanities
3
Why study medicine?
  • Individual
  • Family
  • Society

4
What is medicine?
  • Science
  • Arts
  • Both

5
Learning objectives?
  • ? Physicians must be altruistic
  • ? Physicians must be knowledgeable
  • ? Physicians must be skillful
  • ? Physicians must be dutiful
  • Medical School Objectives Project
  • Association of American Medical Colleges

6
What is humanities?
  • Systematic forms of study concerned with
    recording and interpreting human experience.
  • Human body as intertwining of natural and
    existential dimensions
  • Typically include literature, history,
    philosophy, ethics, arts

7
What is medical humanities?
  • An interdisciplinary recording and interpreting
    of human experiences of illness, disability,
    medicine and health care
  • What unifies diverse disciplines reflect the
    human experiences of medicine, seen through the
    humanities.

8
Windows to view medicine
  • Literature and arts appreciate metaphors people
    use to convey their experiences
  • ?????????
  • History evolution of contemporary medicine, draw
    on the past to reflect on the present and gauge
    the future, history taking
  • Philosophy meaning of life

9
UCL center
  • To raise awareness of medical humanities as an
    academic discipline
  • Medical humanities is an interdisciplinary, and
    increasingly international endeavor that draws on
    the creative and intellectual strengths of
    diverse disciplines, including literature, art,
    creative writing, drama, film, music, philosophy,
    ethical decision making, anthropology, and
    history, in pursuit of medical educational goal.

10
Educational objectives
  • to connect with, or appreciate, the perspective
    of all those affected by illness the person who
    is ill, the persons who love them, and the
    professionals involved in their care
  • to facilitate reflection on the physicians own
    practice, on its strengths and weaknesses, so
    that he or she can build on the former and
    address the latter
  • to provide both cultural and historical
    perspectives on illness and health care

11
Search for meaning
  • No need is so compelling as the need we all feel
    for our lives to make sense, to have meaning. We
    will tolerate almost any degree of austerity or
    risk in this indomitable quest for meaning.
  • Futurist and strategic thinker,
  • Willis Harman

12
TMAC
  • ?????????????
  • ??????????????,
  • ?????????????,
  • ??????????????,
  • ???????,?????????,
  • ??????????,????????????,???????????

13
Career Example
  • Wayne Lewis was general practitioner who escaped
    the pressures of clinical medicine through
    literature (novels and poetry). He was frustrated
    by the divided intellectual life. Gradually, he
    started to use literature to teach medical
    students in discussion of medical ethics. After
    he completed an MA in medical humanities at
    Swansea, he got interested in philosophy of
    science and theology. This opened up new horizons
    and allowed him to reflect on his clinical
    activities in all sorts of unexpected ways.
    Practically, he was able to incorporate
    discussion of religious issues, particularly
    surrounding bereavement, into his practice. He
    became a lecturer teaching literature and
    philosophy to medical students at the University
    of Wales College of Medicine, and took up a post
    of lecturer in medical humanities at Swansea,
    teaching the MA course.

14
????????
  • ?????? ???

15
Literature and Medicine Pathography Illness
Narrative
Yue-Joe Lee M.D. College of Medicine National
Taiwan University
16
?????
MEDICINE and ART
  • ???? ?? ???
  • ??????? ??? ???

17
???? If I were a freshman again ????? ?????????
?
18
If I were a freshman again I would try to equip
myself with a strong language and reading skill.
19
If I were a freshman again I would develop an
effective method of self-learning which will
enable me to keep growing as long as I live.
20
If I were a freshman again I would cultivate my
intellectual capability, to observe keenly, think
logically, judge correctly, and decide wisely. I
especially would try to strengthen my ability to
discover general principle governing all the
phenomena I am observing.
21
If I were a freshman again I would develop the
habit of reading books on broad subjects,
including those beyond my own specialty.
22
If I were a freshman again I would pick up my
role model, approach and learn from him(her) as
much as I can, like a sponge soaking up water.
23
If I were a freshman again, I will learn how to
use my time more efficiently.
24
If I were a freshman again, I will try to be a
person whose deeds meet his words.
25
Tips
  • Language is the basic tool.
  • Read broadly.
  • Write reflectively.
  • Service learning among the underserved locally
    and globally.
  • Role models (faculty, peers).
  • Think creatively.

26
Learning Objectives
  • ????????http//www.nhri.org.tw/nhri_org/mc/home.ht
    m
  • Association of American Medical Colleges
  • Medical School Objective Project
  • http//www.aamc.org/meded/msop/msop1.pdf
  • CanMEDS 2000 Project
  • http//rcpsc.medical.org/publications/index.ph
    p
  • Liaison Committee on Medical Education
  • http//www.lcme.org/functions2004june.pdf
  • Australian Medical Council

27
Introduction to the course
  • Goal Medical history (professional development),
    interprofessional cooperation
  • Evaluation 50 class report (A4 handwriting) due
    next week unless teacher specifies other forms,
    50 final exam
  • ???/??????,??????
  • Reference ??? ???? ??????
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