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Lec 2. Ch.1 UTP: Definition and Context


Importance of considering multimodal aspect and relation with ... Payson. From the central city to a region Growth of the metropolitan region. Globalization, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lec 2. Ch.1 UTP: Definition and Context

Lec 2. Ch.1 UTP Definition and Context
Topics covered
  • Primary purpose of the planning effort
  • 4 basic questions of UTP
  • UTP as a process
  • Importance of considering multimodal aspect and
    relation with land use
  • A changing society and its impact on UTP

Primary purpose of the planning effort
Commuter Train
Legacy Highway
- To generate information useful to decision
makers for the specific types of decisions they
are facing. Given that so many agencies and
groups are involved with metropolitan-level
transportation decision making, a regional
perspective is needed on how these activities fit
Wasatch Front Regional Council
Utah, Wasatch, Summit Counties
Davis, Morgan, Salt Lake, Tooele, Weber Counties
UTP is the process of answering 4 basic questions
  1. Where are we now? Trends and conditions
  2. Where do we want to go? Issues, communitys
    desired direction, opportunities, obstacles
  3. What will guide us? Mission statement, goals,
    objectives, public inputs
  4. How will we get there? revenue estimation,
    implementation plan, partnerships, policy changes

MAG Utah Valley Long Rang Transportation Plan,
Page 1-3
UTP is the process of
  1. Establishing a vision
  2. Understanding the types of decisions that need to
    be made
  3. Assessing opportunities and limitations of the
  4. Identifying the near- and long-term consequences
  5. Relating alternative decisions to goals,
    objectives, systems performance measures
  6. Presenting this info to decision makers
  7. Helping decision makers establish priorities and
    develop an investment program

MAG Utah Valley Long Rang Transportation Plan
Example MAGs transportation related goals
  1. Improve the non-motorized transportation system
  2. Minimize air pollution
  3. Maximize accessibility to important services
  4. Coordinates all transportation elements into an
    intermodal system
  5. Develop a long range plan consistent with land
    use master plan
  6. Funding (secure)
  7. Reconstruction and preservation of existing

From multimodal to intermodal system
A mulitmodal system is not enough to provide good
access to everybody in the community
Different modes need to be integrated and
transfers among them need to be smooth.
Components of a multimodal/intermodal
transportation program for achieving community
A changing society and its impact on UTP
Population characteristics
The metropolitan economy
Societal concerns
Transportation legislation/regulation
The technology of planning
Population characteristics
  • The tremendous growth in population after WW II
    and the movement of the baby-boom generation
    through the aging process affected significantly
    the development of transportation systems in the
  • Rising household incomes created a market demand
    for personal transportation.
  • Surging economy created more movement of people
    and goods.
  • Employment opportunities moved from city centers
    to suburbs (accessible by automobiles)

Using Figure 1.3 we will see how the interaction
of key factors effected the dramatic increase in
travel in the past few decades.
Political environment
From the central city to a region Growth of the
metropolitan region
Globalization, manufacturing to information,
surge of service industry, many changes have
taken place.
Societal concerns and issues
Breakdown of community
Auto-oriented TP created many negative effects
Sustainable development, smart growth, livable
community, sustainable transportation
A critical examination of the importance of an
automobile-based transportation system on society
Change in transportation legislation/regulation
and UTP technology
  • Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990
  • Clean Air Act Amendments of 1991
  • Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act
    (ISTEA) of 1991
  • Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century
    (TEA-21) of 1998

Strong emphasis on intermodal aspect management
UTMS, Discrete models, TransCAD, TranPlan, QRS
II, Tmodel, UrbanSim, GA-based LU/TS Opt., etc.
  • From aggregate to disaggregate models
  • CAD meant for transportation planning
  • Extensive use of GIS
  • New UTP models, like activity simulation

In summary
  • UTP is a process to gather and analyze
    information (data) to provide unbiased
    information to decision-makers.
  • UTP needs to be carried out in conjunction with
    land use planning.
  • Mulitmodal/intermodal transportation systems
    need to be developed (in urban areas) to serve
    all the residents in the community and to create
    livable communities.
  • Political, economic and social trends influence
    the development of transportation facilities (for
    good or bad) and transportation
    legislation/regulation and thus the substance and
    form of transportation planning.
  • The negative impacts of an automobile-based
    transportation system on environment and humans
    have been recognized we should strive for the
    development of sustainable development.
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