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Knowing Journal Users: Methods for User-Focused Research and a Case Study of Pediatricians

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American Academy of Pediatrics, mclarke_at_aap.org. 2. Why Study Journal Use? ... It also asked specifically about reading in Pediatrics and other related journals ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Knowing Journal Users: Methods for User-Focused Research and a Case Study of Pediatricians


1
Knowing Journal Users Methods for User-Focused
Research and a Case Study of Pediatricians
  • Carol Tenopir
  • Univ. of Tennessee,ctenopir_at_utk.edu
  • Michael Clarke
  • American Academy of Pediatrics, mclarke_at_aap.org

2
Why Study Journal Use?
  • To make decisions on electronic and print
    purchases in libraries
  • To design better journals and systems
  • To offer better library services
  • To stay relevant in the future
  • To drive information literacy instruction
  • To increase use

3
Reading Patterns and Preferences
  • How does use of scholarly materials differ among
    various disciplines?
  • How does use of scholarly materials differ by
    various work roles/level of expertise?
  • How has use of scholarly materials changed over
    time?
  • Does anyone read print journals anymore?
  • Does anyone use library-provided materials
    anymore?

4
Learning About Users and Usage
Opinions, preferences (individual)
Critical incident (readings), Experimental
Usage logs
Citations
5
What Conclusions Can You Draw?
  • ? Usage logs ? What groups do for electronic
  • ? Interviews/surveys/ ? Opinion, what individuals
    and journals groups say they do in general
    and why
  • ? Critical (last) incident ? What individuals say
    they do,
  • why, outcomes and value
  • ? Observational/ ? What individuals do in a
  • Experimental controlled or natural setting,
  • and outcomes
  • ? Citation Analysis ? What authors cite and value

6
Carol Tenopir. Use and Users of Electronic
Library Resources An Overview and Analysis of
Recent Research Studies. Prepared for Council on
Library and Information Resources Washington,
D.C. August 2003.http//www.clir.org/pubs/abstrac
t/pub120abst.html
7
Some more about Tenopir King surveys and
pediatricians
  • 25,000 respondents
  • All subjects (mostly scientists, engineers,
    physicians, and social scientists)
  • University and non-university work places
  • Mostly North American (2004 Australian)
  • Medical surveys of UT faculty
  • Pediatricians in 2004

8
Types of questions
  • Demographic
  • General/recollection
  • Last incident of reading (to get details, plus
    outcomes and value of reading)
  • Preferences/opinions

9
Surveys of AAP members
  • One survey asked preferences of things specific
    to AAP journals
  • It also asked specifically about reading in
    Pediatrics and other related journals
  • A second survey replicated other surveys by
    Tenopir King, focusing on purpose and value of
    last reading

10
Survey results from first AAP survey
  • Mike Clarke

11
Pediatricians Compared to others
  • Carol Tenopir

12
Reading Varies by Subject Discipline and workplace
  • Univ. medical
  • Practicing Pediatricians
  • Univ Scientists
  • All Scientists
  • Soc Sci/Psych
  • Engineers
  • 322 articles/year
  • 180 articles/year
  • 216 articles/year
  • 130 articles/year
  • 191 articles/year
  • 111 articles/year

13
Year of Articles
2
13
17
23
64
81.3
10.4
Pediatricians
Astronomers
20.8
68.8
Scientists
14
Print or Electronic
20
37
63
Electronic
80
Print
University Faculty
Astronomers
16.4
25
83.6
75
Medical Faculty
Pediatricians
15
Form of Final Reading by Pediatricians
7.5
92.6
n644
16
Sources of Readings
21.4
36
42.9
49
35.7
15
Astronomers
Universities
12
15.6
16
22.1
72
62.3
Pediatricians
Medical Faculty
17
Principal Purpose of Reading
Reasons Pediatricians Univ. Medical
Current Awareness 50.0 22.1
Treatment 18.2 -
Diagnosis 10.7 -
Teaching 5.3 16.9
Research 5.1 36.4
Consulting 3.4 3.9
Other 5.8 9.0
Writing 1.6 11.7
18
Location of Pediatricians when Reading
Location Percentage
Home 50.5
Office 36.8
Hospital/Clinic 6.2
In transit 3.1
Other 2.5
Library 1.1
n 650
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