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Nursing Informatics

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Title: Nursing Informatics


1
Nursing Informatics
  • Integrating Nursing Informatics in Education

2
Objectives
  • Understanding nursing informatics
  • Understanding how it affects nursing students
  • Understanding why it is important to nursing
  • Learning new strategies for integrating
    informatics and technology into course content

3
What is Nursing Informatics?
  • It is the access and use of data, information,
    and knowledge.
  • This access and use serves to
  • standardize documentation
  • improve communication
  • support the decision making process
  • enhance quality, effectiveness and efficiency of
    health care
  • subsequently advance the science of nursing

4
What is Nursing Informatics? Cont
  • Informatics can help nurses to make better
    clinical decisions via effective patient care
    management.

5
So, Why do we Care?
  • As nurses
  • navigation of online systems, research, and best
    practice
  • Networking
  • If nurses wont adapt and use these technologies
    that improve patient care, other health care
    providers and business people will find a way to
    use those technologies instead of nurses
    (Chastain, 2002)

6
So Why do we Care?Cont
  • As Nursing Students
  • Nursing students need to meet prospective
    employer expectations (Chastain, 2002)
  • Navigation of online policies and procedures
  • Utilize online patient information systems
  • Managing information
  • Problem solving and critical thinking (Thede,
    2003)

7
Integrating Nursing Informatics and Education
8
Are Faculty Ready?
  • 1/3 of nursing faculty feel NI is not applicable
    to their area
  • Students/faculty expectations are lower than
    employers
  • Faculty need to adapt

9
Strategies for Implementing Informatics into
Education
  • We have shifted from an industrial to an
    information society
  • Strategic planning (SWOT)
  • Strengths
  • Weaknesses
  • Opportunities
  • Threats
  • Teaching requires a multi-faceted approach
  • Faculty/Students

10
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11
Integrating Technology in Nursing Education
  • PDA
  • Store, organize, and permit instant retrieval of
    important information
  • Just enough information, just in time

12
Current Nursing Informatics Education
13
Nursing Informatics in CanadianSchools
  • Nipissing University
  • Athabasca University
  • Centennial College
  • Dalhousie University
  • Kwnatlen University
  • University of Toronto
  • University of Victoria
  • University of Waterloo
  • York University

14
Nursing Informatics in Education
  • Approx. ¾ of schools integrate NI throughout
    undergraduate curriculum, but do not know exactly
    where or how many hours are devoted strictly to
    NI
  • Approx 2/3 of schools have a curriculum that
    includes NI competencies, but do not have
    explicit outcome objectives.
  • NI educators are most likely to be nurses
    faculty members.

15
Popular Outcome Objectives
  • Approx. ¾ of schools have outcome objectives that
    address
  • Use of ICTs to monitor and assess clients,
    document and evaluate care, and client education
  • Security, confidentiality and privacy of clients
    in the use of ICT
  • Moral, ethical, and legal aspects of informatics
    with respect to all domains of nursing.

16
Fewer schools address
  • Nursing information systems and their potential
    for enhancing the nursing process
  • Understanding information flow through a health
    care agency and application of ICT
  • Benefits/limitations of health and nursing
    information systems (e.g. taxonomies)
  • Access, evaluate and use information clinically
  • Understand historical trends

17
Currently
  • Universal access to the Internet, e-mail,
    library, software programs, and computers is 100
    for faculty and 80 for students.
  • Universal access to research data-bases is 75
    for faculty and less than that for students.

18
Currently
  • Less than 1/3 of the schools perceive that
    faculty and new students have adequate NI
    competencies and computer skills.
  • Approx. ¼ of the schools are likely to have
    clinical preceptors/staff with adequate
    competencies.
  • Approx. 5 schools are likely to have adequate
    graduate students to assist with teaching NI and
    using ICT (Information and Communication
    Technology)

19
Technology and Student Learning
  • Faculty could transfer grades from course
    management software to the university database.
  • Faculty could create reports highlighting each
    students clinical experiences.

20
Future of Nursing Informatics for Student Learning
  • The Canadian Nursing Informatics Association has
    put out a survey to all Canadian nursing schools
    with undergraduate programs in regards to how
    nursing informatics could better inform their
    practice.
  • The survey states that

21
Future of Nursing Informatics for Student Learning
  • Faculty has more access than students
  • Basic use of computers is more common than use of
    computers for nursing purposes
  • gt1/2 of schools offer NI courses

22
Survey Recommendations
23
Informatics and The Nursing Program
  • Recommendations
  • Start in year one
  • Integrate throughout all 4 years of study
  • Lab
  • Class
  • Clinical
  • Ensure maximum understanding of the need for NI
  • Hands on knowledge
  • Create subconscious use of technologies
  • Show NIs relation to all areas of the nursing
    discipline

24
Barriers
  • Barriers include
  • Lack of competence and confidence from faculty
  • Lack of money
  • Lack of educators and programs
  • Lack of curriculum space
  • Lack of infrastructure support, funding, and
    training
  • Lack of training for nurses in remote areas

25
Strategies
  • Strategies include
  • Campaigns for the general public
  • Traveling nursing informaticians to spread the
    word
  • Fight for reallocation of the budget
  • Simply, inform people and help them to understand
    the importance of nursing informatics

26
For Discussion
  • 1 As a nursing student, what do you feel would
    be most useful to learn in an NI class?
  • 2 What have you taken from class to implement
    into your nursing practice in the clinical
    setting?
  • 3 How do you feel that NI will help you in your
    everyday practice?

27
Conclusion
  • Nursing informatics is here and here to stay!

28
References
  • Chastain, R. (2002). Are nursing faculty members
    ready to integrate information technology into
    the curriculum? Nursing Education Perspectives.
    23(4) 187-191
  • CAN. (2006) Canadian Nursing Informatics
    Association _at_ http//www.cnia.ca/intro
  • Glasgow, M.E.S. Cornelius, F.H. (2005).
    Benefits Costs of Integrating Technology Into
    Undergraduate Nursing Programs. Nursing
    leadership forum. 9(4) 175-180.
  • Meyers, L., Nelson, R., Rizzolo, M.A., Ruter, P.,
    et al. (2006) The Evolution of Educational
    Information Systems and Nurse Faculty Roles.
    Nursing education perspectives. 27(5) 247-254.
  • Nagelkerk, J., Ritola, P.M., Vandort, P.J.
    (1998). Nursing Informatics The Trend of the
    Future. The journal of continuing education in
    nursing. 29(1) 17-21.
  • Niland, J., et al. (2006). An Informatics Blue
    Print for Health Care Quality Information
    Systems. Journal of the American medical
    information association. 13(4) 402-418.
  • Sakett, K., et al. (2005). Incorporating
    Healthcare Informatics Into the Strategic
    Planning Process in Nursing Education. Nursing
    leadership forum. 9(3) 98-104.
  • Thede, Q. (2003). Introduction to Nursing
    Informatics Multiple Foci. Cunningham, B. (2nd
    ed). Informatics and nursing opportunities and
    challenges. Philadelphia Lippincott Williams
    and Wilkins.
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