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Benefits of Animal Research

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Oral and Inhaled Insulin for Type 1 Diabetes ... 'Some Pain, No Anesthesia' This is only the case when anaesthesia (or other pain relief) would have ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Benefits of Animal Research


1
Benefits of Animal Research
  • Penicillin
  • Mice
  • Blood Transfusions
  • Dogs
  • Tuberculosis Medicine
  • Guinea pigs
  • Meningitis Vaccine
  • Mice
  • Kidney Transplants
  • Dogs and Pigs
  • Breast Cancer Treatments
  • Mice, Rats and Dogs
  • Asthma Inhalers
  • Guinea Pigs and Rabbits
  • Polio Vaccine
  • Mice
  • Insulin for Diabetics
  • Dogs
  • Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's Disease
  • Monkeys

2
Benefits Continued
  • Vaccine for Smallpox
  • Vaccine for Anthrax
  • Rabies Vaccine
  • Typhoid Vaccine
  • Cholera Vaccine
  • Treatment for Beriberi
  • Treatment for Rickets
  • Corneal Transplants
  • Local Anaesthetics
  • Discovery of Vitamin C
  • Canine Distemper Vaccine
  • Coronary Bypass Operation
  • German Measles Vaccine
  • MMR Vaccine
  • Antidepressants and Antipsychotic
  • CT Scanning for Improved Diagnosis
  • Chemotherapy for Leukaemia
  • Medicines to Treat Ulcers
  • Inhaled Asthma Medication
  • Modern Anaesthetics
  • Tetanus Vaccine
  • Diphtheria Vaccine
  • Anticoagulants
  • Streptomycin
  • Kidney Dialysis
  • Whooping cough Vaccine
  • Heart Lung Machine
  • Hip replacements
  • Cardiac Pacemakers
  • High Blood Pressure Medicines
  • Replacements of Heart Valves
  • Chlorpromazine Psychiatric Medicine
  • MRI Scanning for improved Diagnosis
  • Prenatal Corticosteroids for Premature Babies
  • Treatment for River Blindness
  • Life Support for premature Babies
  • Medicines to control Transplant Rejection
  • Hepatitis B Vaccine

3
US Yearly Benefits of Animal Research
450,000 Prescriptions for anabolic (growth)
hormones1 520,000 Heart bypass
operations2 1,500,000 Prescribed for
Erythropoietin (for Anaemia)3 34,000,000 Anticoag
ulants dispensed4 95,000,000 Prescriptions for
asthma5 150,000,000 Prescriptions for
antibiotics6
1. Source IMS Health, IMS National Prescription
Audit TM, 2/2008 2. Source IMS Health,
ClinicalPlus 3. Source IMS Health, IMS National
Sales Perspectives TM, 2/2008 4. Source IMS
Health, IMS National Prescription Audit TM,
2/2008 5. Source IMS Health, IMS National
Prescription Audit TM, 2/2008 6. US Center for
Disease Control and Prevention
4
The Numbers
5
Numbers in Perspective
6
Pain - The Percentages
Some Pain, No Anesthesia This is only the case
when anaesthesia (or other pain relief) would
have affected results e.g., when testing another
pain relief drug
7
Veterinary advances
Vaccines developed to protect pets, farm animals,
working animals and animals in the wild
8
Refinement
  • Better living conditions for animals
  • Minimising pain wherever possible
  • Better training for animal technicians

9
Replacement
  • In Vitro Testing
  • Computer Modelling
  • MRI Scanning
  • Micro dosing

10
Reduction
  • Re-evaluating minimum numbers of animals for
    statistical significance
  • Methods allowing multiple procedures on
    single animals
  • Better designed experiments to reduce numbers

11
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