The Substance Abuse Prevention Specialist Training - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The Substance Abuse Prevention Specialist Training PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 7c74c-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The Substance Abuse Prevention Specialist Training

Description:

'Evidence-based' prevention is the standard of accountability in the field ... Evidence-based Prevention? To use the most effective programs and strategies ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:64
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 37
Provided by: Nora6
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The Substance Abuse Prevention Specialist Training


1
Prevention Research
The Substance Abuse Prevention Specialist Training
2
Prevention Research
  • Why study prevention research?
  • Evidence-based prevention is the standard of
    accountability in the field
  • Prevention theory assists in identifying what
    contributes to substance abuse and how it can be
    prevented
  • Results depend on the quality of the research
    that guides prevention

3
What is Evidence-based Prevention?
  • Based upon research meeting commonly agreed-upon
    criteria of rigor
  • Guided by credible and substantiated research
    evaluation
  • Principles, strategies and programs that are
    theory-driven, well implemented, and shown to
    have an effect on specific behaviors, or on
    specific risk factors that have been linked to
    them
  • (SAMHSAs Prevention Platform online glossary
    and CSAPs Southwest CAPT Community Mobilization
    for Prevention online course glossary)

4
Why All the Concern Over Evidence-based
Prevention?
  • To use the most effective programs and strategies
  • To improve existing programs
  • To use limited resources wisely
  • To ensure public accountability
  • To meet requirements of federal and state
    agencies and private funders

5
What Should a Good Theory Do?
  • Identify the factors that predict substance abuse
  • Explain the mechanisms through which they operate
  • Identify the internal and external variables that
    influence these mechanisms, including cultural
    factors
  • Predict points to interrupt the course leading to
    substance abuse
  • Specify the interventions to prevent onset of
    substance abuse

6
Activity
7
Risk Protective Factors Theory
  • Similar to public health model of disease
    prevention focus on decreasing risk and
    increasing protection
  • Risk factors predict substance abuse and
    protective factors can buffer risk factors
  • To prevent substance abuse, reduce risk factors
    and increase protective factors throughout a
    childs life

8
Risk Protective Factors Theory
  • Risk and protective factors
  • Can be influenced by individual, family, school,
    and environmental change strategies
  • Have a cumulative effect
  • Occur in communities, families, schools, and
    individuals and are subject to change

9
Risk Protective Factors Theory
  • Different adolescent health and behavior problems
    share common risk factors
  • Substance Abuse
  • Delinquency
  • Teen Pregnancy
  • School Drop-out
  • Violence
  • Depression Anxiety

10
Criteria for Inclusion as a Risk Factor
  • Multiple studies
  • Longitudinal
  • Predictive

11
Community Risk Factors
  • Availability of alcohol/other drugs
  • Community laws and norms favorable toward drug
    use
  • Transitions and mobility
  • Low neighborhood attachment and community
    disorganization
  • Extreme economic deprivation

12
Family Risk Factors
  • Family history of substance abuse
  • Family management problems
  • Family conflict
  • Parental attitudes and involvement in drug use

13
School Risk Factors
  • Academic failure beginning in elementary school
  • Lack of commitment to school

14
Individual/Peer Risk Factors
  • Early and persistent antisocial behavior
  • Rebelliousness
  • Friends who use drugs
  • Favorable attitudes toward drugs
  • Early initiation of drug use
  • Gang involvement
  • Constitutional factors

15
Protective Factors
  • Individual characteristics
  • Bonding
  • Healthy beliefs and clear standards

16
The Social Development Strategy
Healthy Behaviors
Healthy Beliefs Clear Standards
  • Bonding
  • Attachment
  • Commitment

Opportunities
Recognition
Skills
Individual Characteristics
17
Activity Risk and Protective Factor Sculpture
18
Resiliency Approach
  • Focuses on how children bounce back in the face
    of adversity
  • Is based largely on the work of Emmy Werner
  • Includes several factors which foster resilience
    in kids
  • Is a promising approach

19
Developmental Assets Framework
  • Emphasizes strengths in people
  • Focuses on youth as resources, not problems
  • Focuses on increasing the number of assets
    present in youths lives
  • Is a promising framework

20
Healthy Behaviors
Succeeds in School Helps Others Values
Diversity Maintains Good Health
Delays Gratification Overcomes Adversity Exhibits
Leadership Resists Danger
Neighborhood Boundaries Equality Social
Justice School Boundaries Integrity
Honesty Responsibility Sense of Purpose Positive
View of Personal Future
Healthy Beliefs Clear Standards
Bonding
Community
Individual/Peer
Caring Neighborhood Religious Community Adult
Role Models Safety
Positive Peer Influence
Family
School
Family Support Positive Family Communication
Bonding to School School Engagement Achievement
Motivation
Skills
Opportunities
Recognition
Community Values Youth Youth Given Useful
Roles Caring School Climate High Expectations
Other Adult Relationships Service to
Others Creative Activities Youth Programs Youth
as Resources Time at Home Parental
Involvement Reading for Pleasure Homework
Personal Power Cultural Competence Family
Boundaries Interpersonal Competence Peaceful
Conflict Resolution Planning Decision
Making Resistance Skills
Individual Characteristics
Personal Control Self-Esteem Restraint
21
Three Case Studies in Prevention
  • Select a facilitator, a timekeeper, and a
    recorder
  • Read the case study assigned to your group
  • Determine which risk factors and protective
    factors are at work in your case
  • Report back to whole group

22
Case Studies
  • Is there consensus on which risk factors were
    identified?
  • Is there consensus on which protective factors
    were identified?
  • How might our values and culture influence which
    factors we see present?

23
Caution!
  • Purpose of this case study activity
  • To begin using the risk factor and protective
    factor language
  • To see what risk and protective factors might
    look like in a community
  • Risk and Protective Factors are identified in
    communities using a formal assessment
  • Section 3 presents a process for assessing the
    levels of risk and protective factors in
    communities
  • Data collection and analysis drives the process

24
CSAP Principles of Substance Abuse Prevention
  • Individual Domain
  • Family Domain
  • Peer Domain
  • School Domain
  • Community Domain
  • Society/Environmental

25
Individual Domain
  • Social and personal skill-building using
    interactive techniques
  • Cultural sensitivity
  • Social and immediate interpersonal consequences
    of use
  • Combine knowledge gain with attitude and behavior
    change
  • Reach those at highest individual risk
  • Incorporate problem identification and referral

26
Family Domain
  • Address and involve the entire family (parents,
    children, and other caregivers)
  • Incorporate parent support networks
  • Are culturally appropriate
  • Teach parenting skills using interactive
    techniques
  • Include retention activities
  • Provide family support resources

27
Peer Domain
  • Structured positive drug free activities and
    contributions to community
  • Social and personal skill-building
  • Intensive using a variety of approaches
  • Communicate and support non-use norms
  • Involve youth in program development and delivery
  • Incorporate peer-led components

28
School Domain
  • Combine information dissemination with attitude
    change and social skill-building
  • Positive social influences and expectations
  • Involve students in program development and
    delivery
  • Enhance positive school climate
  • Involve parents
  • Policies supportive of non-use

29
Community Domain
  • Integrated, comprehensive prevention strategies
  • Control the environment around schools and other
    areas young people gather
  • Mentoring and community service
  • Community coalitions
  • Neighborhood partnerships
  • Outcome based programming

30
Society/Environmental Domain
  • Excise taxes
  • Enforcement of minimum purchase age laws
  • Use and lose laws. Penalties should not be too
    harsh
  • Social marketing and social norming media
    campaigns
  • Outlet density

31
NIDA Prevention Principles
  • Enhance protective factors and reduce risk
    factors
  • Address all drugs of abuse
  • Address communitys drugs of abuse
  • Tailor programs to populations risks and
    characteristics
  • Enhance family bonding
  • Intervene early

32
NIDA Prevention Principles (continued)
  • Enhance academic success and social-emotional
    learning grades K-6
  • Improve academic and social competence in middle
    school
  • Support transition points
  • Use multiple strategies in multiple domains
  • Promote consistent messages

33
NIDA Prevention Principles (continued)
  • Retain core elements when adapting programs
  • Maintain programs over time
  • Use good classroom management practices
  • Use effective teaching techniques
  • Implement programs that are cost effective

34
Enhancing Prevention Programs
  • Directions
  • Think of a familiar prevention program
  • Determine the DOMAIN in which it takes place
  • Review the information sheets, Principles of
    Substance Abuse Prevention, NIDA Prevention
    Principles, and Environmental Strategies
  • Based on the findings presented in the
    information sheets, make several recommendations
    to enhance the program
  • Prepare to share with the group

35
Video Environmental Prevention Strategies
36
QUESTIONS and DISCUSSION
About PowerShow.com