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The Professional Science Masters Degree: A Challenge to U'S' Higher Education Today

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Title: The Professional Science Masters Degree: A Challenge to U'S' Higher Education Today


1
The Professional Science Masters Degree A
Challenge to U.S. Higher Education Today
  • Dr. Mark Novak
  • Associate Vice President
  • International and Extended Studies
  • San Jose State University
  • San Jose, California, USA
  • June 12, 2009

2
Goals of this Talk
  • Understand the need for a Professional Science
    Masters (PSM) degree.
  • Understand the structure and function of PSM
    degree programs.
  • Describe the changes needed in university
    policies to create innovative programs like the
    PSM degree.

3
Why the Need for a Professional Science Masters
(PSM) Degree?
4
The Challenge of Innovation
  • Innovation is now the driver of growth in the
    economy.
  • A survey of 650 US and European business in 2007
    innovation accounted for 34 of revenues
    compared to 21 in 1998 (Deloitte Touche,
    2005).

5
The Challenge of Innovation
  • Universities will need to modify graduate
    programs to meet the emerging needs of industry
    and the demands of students for high-level
    training.
  • Graduates will need to succeed in world of new
    products, new ways of doing business, and new
    industries.

6
Workforce Development Need
  • The need for a new type of knowledge worker.
  • Experience in industry
  • Scientific training
  • Multi-disciplinary, interdisciplinary knowledge

7
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8
II. What is the Professional Science Masters
Degree (PSM)?
9
The Professional Science Masters Degree (PSM)
  • MBA-MSc in Engineering
  • Medical Product Development Management
  • Biotechnology
  • Biostatistics
  • Bioinformatics (computer tech and biology for
    gene based drug discovery)
  • Regulatory Affairs

10
New type of highly educated person new pathway
in higher education
  • Non-PhD
  • Non-researcher
  • Non-theoretical
  • Fast-to-market trained person
  • The super-educated worker

11
(No Transcript)
12
Types of degrees
  • PSM for entrepreneurship in a choice of
    chemistry, physics or mathematics -- Case
    Western University in Cleveland, Ohio.
  • PSM in nanoscale physics -- Rice University in
    Houston, Texas.
  • PSM degrees in forensic chemistry -- California
    State-Fresno and Temple University.
  • Source Del Jones, USA TODAY July 19, 2004 (1B).

13
Medical Products Development Management Curriculum
  • Management of the Total Enterprise
  • Project Management
  • Financial Accounting and Financial Aspects of
    Medical Product Development
  • Managing Medical Product Development
  • Biotechnology and Medical Device Industries
  • Introduction to Food and Drug Law
  • Informatics in Drug and Device Development 
  • Statistical Methods in Clinical Trials
  • Clinical Development I II
  • Special Topics in Clinical Trials I and II
  • Source http//www.medproddev.sjsu.edu/curriculum
    /

14
Emergence of a unique program structure
  • Practical
  • Applied
  • Industry and function specific
  • Industry responsive
  • Industry advisory boards
  • Industry internships

15
Professional Science Masters Program Data
  • In U.S.
  • First program in 1997
  • 130 PSM programs 50 in biosciences
  • 67 institutions offer these degrees in 25 states
    plus DC
  • 2700 graduates as of 2008
  • In California
  • 16 PSM programs on 14 California State University
    campuses
  • Plan fo r30 programs on 20 campuses in the
    future
  • 330 students enrolled in 2009-10 75 in
    biosciences

16
III. The Challenge of PSM to Higher Education
17
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • Typical dept structure not equipped to meet
    these needs for example, no dept expertise
    exists to teach a PSM degree.
  • Multi-disciplinary programs create conflicts.
    Cross college collaboration a challenge.

18
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • Silos of traditional disciplines
  • PSM programs have strong links to industry,
    industry involved in curriculum design.
  • University needs to be customer focused.

19
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • Normal public university funding schemes
    standard tuition, lack of start-up funds may
    not support these programs.
  • Funding may come from industry with
    expectations and demands

20
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • University approval mechanisms slow to meet this
    demand, industry impatient for workers in these
    fields.
  • Interdisciplinary programs a challenge cutting
    across boundaries. Research universities may
    have little interest in this kind of cross
    disciplinary education.

21
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • Distance education, online education an option
    for these programs for dispersed audience not
    always concentrated in one region CE often the
    campus leader here.
  • Online options offer the co-development of
    programs among campuses (e.g. Regulatory Affairs
    course).

22
The Challenge to Higher Education
  • Campus Campus collaboration
  • Draws on large faculty base
  • Draws on technical resources for delivery
  • Expands offering to more students in wider
    geographic area
  • Avoids costly duplication of content

23
The Future of PSMs and Workforce Development
  • The California State University supports a
    statewide PSM Initiative.
  • Executive Board exists with high level industry
    advisors from major corporations
  • Business/Industry University Government
    partnerships called triple helix.

24
U.S. Federal Government Interest in PSM
Training
25
Federal Funding for Professional Science Masters
Degree
26
Interest in PSM Training
  • National Science Foundation in U.S. supports
    Professional Science and Engineering programs
    e.g. biomedical engineering thrust on
    interdisciplinarity

27
Innovation The Key to Economic Recovery
  • Management guru Peter Drucker defines innovation
    as the ability to bring products to market.
  • National Academy of Sciences report on the need
    for innovation in higher education

28
Innovation The Key to Economic Recovery
  • This will require the skill of this newly
    trained worker.
  • Programs like the PSM degree meet this need.

29
Challenges to Innovation
  • The University A 1000 year old institution
    unaffected by change.
  • Complex approval process
  • Slow approval process
  • Lack of external accountability
  • Accrediting body regulations
  • Funding issues

30
Thank You
  • Online copy of this presentation
    www.ies.sjsu.edu
  • Personal contact mark.novak_at_sjsu.edu
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