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GCSE Religious Studies

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Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990. Sperm and egg donors must always remain anonymous ... Christian Attitude to Embryology and Transplants. Catholics ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: GCSE Religious Studies


1
GCSE Religious Studies
  • Religious Attitudes to
  • Matters of Life

2
Key Questions
  • When does human life begin?
  • Who is responsible for life?
  • What rights do we have to interfere with nature?

3
The Beginning of Life
  • Conception zygote
  • Blastocyst
  • Embryo
  • Spiritual being? at quickening
  • Viability
  • Birth

4
The Sanctity of Life
  • Holy and Sacred
  • Created by God
  • Life is a gift
  • Life must be preserved
  • Every life has a purpose
  • God alone decides the beginning and end of life

5
Infertility Treatment
  • IVF
  • AID
  • AIH
  • Egg/Sperm storing
  • Fertility drugs
  • Surrogacy

6
Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act 1990
  • Sperm and egg donors must always remain anonymous
  • Donors have no legal rights over any children
    born as a result of their donation
  • Frozen embryos may be stored for a maximum of 10
    years
  • Scientific experiments may only be carried out on
    embryos up until 14 days after conception. After
    this time they must not be kept alive.

7
Genetic Engineering
  • Cures for medical conditions such as Cystic
    Fibrosis
  • Playing God the production of designer babies

8
Genetic Manipulation
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Gene Therapy
  • Xenotransplantation

9
Cloning
  • Producing genetically equivalent offspring
  • 1997-2003 Dolly
  • Humans?
  • Therapeutic Cloning use of stem cells from
    embryos

10
Arguments For Therapeutic Cloning
  • Could eliminate heart disease and heart attacks
  • Could deal with serious burns and brain
    deterioration
  • Could reduce infertility
  • Reversing the ageing process?

11
Arguments Against Therapeutic Cloning
  • Suggests some human characteristics more
    important than others
  • Would allow designer babies
  • Slippery Slope
  • Destroys individuality
  • Against the will of God?
  • Unnatural?
  • Population crisis

12
Transplants and Transfusions
  • Many more donors are needed to meet demand
  • Jehovahs Witnesses (Christian) oppose blood
    transfusions
  • Biblical commands not to consume blood
  • Court becomes involved if parents refuse
    transfusion to save life of child
  • Normally court over-rules parents religious
    beliefs

13
Organ Transplants
  • Living donor bone marrow/kidney
  • Recently deceased donor donor cards

14
Arguments For Transplants
  • No risk to dead person
  • One persons deathlife for another
  • Last chance of life for many
  • Donors final contribution to society

15
Arguments Against Transplants
  • Difficult to define death need to remove organs
    quickly
  • Risk to living donors
  • Upsetting for living relatives
  • Transplant operations are very expensive and take
    resources away from other equally needy patients

16
Religious Views
  • Jehovahs Witnesses
  • Most religious groups have no moral problem with
    the use of transplant surgery
  • Use of animals?
  • Some Muslims may have an issue with donation of
    organs as the body belongs to Allah

17
Key Christian Beliefs
  • Life is a gift from God
  • Sanctity of life
  • God is the giver and destroyer of life
  • Trust in God
  • Individuality and purpose of each human life
  • Jesus was a healer

18
Christian Attitude to Infertility
  • No direct biblical teaching concerning fertility
    treatment
  • Biblical view of childlessness was that it was
    Gods intention
  • Most denominations accept IVF and AIH
  • Many oppose AID adultery
  • Roman Catholics oppose fertility treatment
    unnatural sexual acts e.g. masturbation

19
Christian Attitude to Genetic Engineering and
Cloning
  • God-given responsibility to care for creation
  • Worry that genetic engineering abuses human
    authority
  • Many accept on the grounds that it is hugely
    beneficial to human health
  • Most very wary of cloning
  • Human life conceived through man, woman and God
  • Some support strictly controlled therapeutic
    cloning

20
Christian Attitude to Embryology and Transplants
  • Catholics oppose all embryo research
  • Other denominations accept controlled embryo
    research
  • C of E supports embryo research up to 14 days
  • Most accept organ donation
  • Blood transfusions accepted by all except
    Jehovahs Witnesses

21
Key Muslim Beliefs
  • Allah is creator and destroyer of all life
  • Allah has a set plan for everything
  • Children are a blessing from Allah
  • Muslims have a responsibility to care for and
    save lives

22
Muslim Attitude to Infertility
  • Married family life with kidsMuslim ideal
  • Most Muslims recognise that infertile couple may
    need medical help
  • No objection to IVF and AIH, but AIDadultery,
    therefore directly prohibited
  • Surrogacy forbidden, Quranic view of motherhood
  • Polygamy removes need for surrogacy

23
Muslim Attitude to Genetic Engineering and Cloning
  • Division within the religion
  • Allah determines our genetic make-up,
    interference is forbidden
  • We are not responsible for creating life
  • Cloning of plants and animals is fine
  • Many wary about cloning of humans
  • Some accept on grounds of use to cure
    life-threatening illnesses

24
Muslim Attitude to Embryology and Transplants
  • All human life is sacred
  • Left-over embryos may be used for research but
    must not be created for this purpose
  • Any donation of organs must be done freely
  • Blood transfusions accepted
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