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Title: Animal%20Farm%20by%20George%20Orwell


1
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 1

2
scullery
  • Small kitchen
  • Work area at the back of a house
  • He drew himself a last glass of beer from the
    barrel in the scullery.

3
ensconce
  • Establish, settle in place
  • Major was already ensconced on his bed of straw.

4
benevolent
  • Good, kindly
  • Major was a majestic-looking pig, with a wise and
    benevolent appearance in spite of the fact that
    his tushes had never been cut.

5
cynical
  • mocking, critical
  • Benjamin seldom talked, and when he did, it was
    usually to make some cynical remark.

6
laborious
  • Requiring hard work (labor)
  • Let us face it our lives are miserable,
    laborious, and short.

7
fate
  • development of events beyond ones control
  • Even the horses and the dogs
  • have no better fate.

8
tyranny
  • cruel, oppressive use of power
  • All the evils of this life of ours spring from
    the tyranny of human beings.

9
dissentients
  • those who oppose majority opinion (those who
    dissent)
  • There were only four dissentients, the three dogs
    and the cat, who was afterwards discovered to
    have voted on both sides.

10
vice
  • Immoral or wicked behavior, weakness in character
  • Even when you have conquered Man, do not adopt
    his vices. No animal must ever live in a house,
    or sleep in a bed, or wear clothes, or drink
    alcohol, or smoke tobacco, or touch money, or
    engage in trade. All the habits of Man are evil.

11
number 6 shot
  • Small balls of lead (smaller number larger
    balls of lead)
  • He let fly a charge of number 6 shot into the
    darkness.

12
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 2

13
preeminent
  • Superior, above all others
  • Preeminent among the pigs were two young boars
    named Snowball and Napoleon.

14
vivacious
  • Full of life animated
  • Snowball was a more vivacious pig than Napoleon.

15
nimble
  • Quick and light in movement
  • The best known among them was a small fat pig
    named Squealer, with very round cheeks, twinkling
    eyes, nimble movements, and a shrill voice.

16
apathy
  • Lack of interest or concern
  • At the beginning they met with much stupidity and
    apathy.

17
contrary
  • Opposite, or opposing
  • The pigs had great difficulty in making them see
    that this was contrary to the spirit of Animalism.

18
With one accord
  • All together, as one
  • With one accord, they flung themselves upon their
    tormentors.

19
caper
  • To skip or prance about
  • All the animals capered with joy when they saw
    the whips going up in flames.

20
gambol
  • To run and jump playfully
  • They gamboled round and round.

21
spinney
  • Small area of trees and bushes
  • Then they made a tour of inspection of the whole
    farm and surveyed with speechless admiration the
    ploughland, the hayfield, the orchard, the pool,
    the spinney.

22
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 3

23
acute
  • Sharp, intense
  • Every mouthful of food was an acute positive
    pleasure.

24
parasitical
  • Freeloading, hanging on
  • With the worthless parasitical human beings gone,
    there was more for everyone to eat.

25
chaff
  • Husks, worthless part
  • They had to tread the corn out in the ancient
    style and blow away the chaff with their breath.

26
shirk
  • To avoid work or duty
  • Nobody shirked--or almost nobody.

27
obstinate
  • Stubborn, unwilling to change
  • Old Benjamin did his work in the
  • same slow obstinate way as he had done it in
    Jones's time.

28
cryptic
  • Puzzling, having hidden or secret meaning
  • The others had to be content with this cryptic
    answer..

29
paddock
  • Small field where horses are kept or exercised
  • It was resolved to set aside the small paddock
    behind the orchard as a home of rest for animals
    who were past work.

30
maxim
  • Short phrase expressing a rule or truth
  • The Seven Commandments could in effect be reduced
    to a single maxim.

31
propulsion manipulation
  • The act of driving or pushing forward
  • The act of handling or controlling skillfully
  • A bird's wing is an organ of propulsion and not
    of manipulation.

32
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 4

33
perpetually
  • Repeatedly never ending
  • Its owner was perpetually involved in lawsuits.
  • They were perpetually fighting among themselves.

34
tractable
  • Easy to control or influence
  • Bulls which had always been tractable suddenly
    turned savage

35
flogging
  • A beating with a whip or stick
  • Any animal caught singing it was given a flogging
    on the spot.

36
irrepressible
  • Not able to be restrained or controlled
    (repressed)
  • And yet the song was irrepressible.

37
din
  • Loud, unpleasant prolonged noise
  • The blackbirds whistled it in the hedges, the
    pigeons cooed it in the elms, it got into the din
    of the smithies and the tune of the church bells.

38
fifteen stone
  • British one stone is equal to 14 pounds
  • Snowball flung his fifteen stone against Jones's
    legs.

39
ignominious
  • Shameful, embarrassing, disgraceful
  • Within five minutes of their invasion, they were
    in ignominious retreat.

40
impromptu
  • Spontaneous, done without planning
  • An impromptu celebration of the victory was held
    immediately

41
posthumous
  • Awarded (or occurring) after death
  • "Animal Hero, Second Class was conferred
    posthumously on the dead sheep.

42
confer
  • To grant, bestow, or award
  • "Animal Hero, Second Class was conferred
    posthumously on the dead sheep.

43
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 5

44
Animal Farmby George Orwell
  • VOCABULARY Chapter 5

45
pretext
  • A reason given that is not the real reason!
  • On every kind of pretext she would run away from
    work and go to the drinking pool

46
blithe
  • Casual disregard or lack of concern (negative)
  • Mollie strolled blithely into the yard.

47
manifestly
  • obviously
  • The pigs were manifestly cleverer than the other
    animals

48
canvass
  • To request or obtain support
  • Napoleon was better at canvassing support for
    himself in between times.

49
unintelligible
  • Impossible to understand
  • The other animals found the plans completely
    unintelligible but very impressive.

50
aloof
  • Cool and distant
  • Only Napoleon held aloof.

51
faction
  • Small, dissenting break-off group (within a
    larger one)
  • The animals formed themselves
  • into two factions.
  • Benjamin was the only animal who did not side
    with either faction.

52
restive
  • Unable to keep still
  • The animals on the neighbouring farms were more
    restive than ever.

53
sordid
  • Shameful, dirty, dishonorable
  • In glowing sentences he painted a picture of
    Animal Farm as it might be when sordid labour was
    lifted from the animals' backs.

54
marshal
  • To arrange or put order to
  • He set his ears back, shook his forelock several
    times, and tried hard to marshal his thoughts.
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