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Title: An Overview of ENG Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION


1
An Overview of ENG Programs at the NATIONAL
SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson Director, Division of
Civil and Mechanical Systems Directorate for
Engineering pnelson_at_nsf.gov, 703-292-7018
2
National Science Foundation - FY2000
National Science Board
Office of theInspector General
Director
FY 2000 3,897M total 2,958M RRA
Staff Offices
388M
414M
724M
253M
129M
146M
382M
488M
758M
3
NSF FY 2001 Requested Budget by Appropriation
FY 2001 Request
FY 2000 Plan
Change
Research and Related Activities Education and
Human Resources Major Research
Equipment Salaries and Expenses Office of the
Inspector General Total, NSF
2,958 691 94 149 5 3,897
19.7 5.5 48.2 6.0 15.2 17.3
3,541 729 139 158 6 4,572
in Millions
4
National Science Foundation FY2001 Request
National Science Board
Office of theInspector General
Director
FY 2001 4,572M total 3,541M RRA
Staff Offices
529M
511M
760M
285M
119M
175M
457M
583M
881M
5
NSF Strategic Goals
  • Ideas - Discovery at and across the frontier of
    science and engineering, and connections to its
    use in the service of society.
  • People - A diverse, internationally competitive
    and globally-engaged workforce of scientists,
    engineers and well-prepared citizens.
  • Tools - Broadly accessible, state-of-the-art
    information bases and shared research and
    education tools.

6
NSFs Priority Areas
  • Information Technology Research (ITR)
  • Nanoscale Science and Engineering
  • Biocomplexity and the Environment
  • 21st Century Workforce
  • FY02 - Mathematics
  • FY03 - Social, Behavioral, Economic Sciences

7
NSF Research Initiative 21st Century
Workforce FY 2001 Focus Areas
  • Science of learning (EHR, partnering with Dept of
    Education and NIH, 52M)
  • Enhancing educational performance (e.g., Centers
    for Learning and Teaching, 20M GTF, 28M
    Distinguished Teaching Scholars, 2M)
  • Broadening participation (Tribal Colleges, 10M)
  • Addressing immediate workforce requirements
    (Advanced Technological Education, 39M)
  • Networking and access (National SMET Digital
    Library, 27M)

8
Other FY 2001 Highlights
  • Cyber Security (44M)
  • EPSCoR (48M EHR, 25M RRA)
  • IGERT (focus on interdisciplinary training, 31M)
  • CAREER (114M, CMS received over 10 of all
    CAREER proposals submitted to NSF)
  • ADVANCE (includes both individual and
    institutional components

9
Directorate for Engineering FY2001 Request
Assistant Director
FY 2001 456.5M
42.1M
56.2M
54.4M
Bioengineering Environmental Systems
Civil Mechanical Systems
Chemical Transport Systems
Design, Manufacture, Industrial
Innovation (includes SBIR)
Electrical Communications Systems
Engineering Education Centers
58.9M
111.6M
133.4M
10
National Science Foundation
  • Research Modes
  • Workshops/U.S. attendance at International
    meetings
  • Unsolicited research (single investigator/small
    groups)
  • Special initiatives
  • Center-based research
  • Industry partnerships and international
    collaborations
  • Information centers
  • Education projects (research, curriculum
    development, informal education)
  • NSF supported organizations include academe,
    professional and private sectors

11
Engineering DirectorateLeadership
Louis Martin-Vega Acting Assistant Director for
Engineering Elbert Marsh Deputy Assistant
Director for Engineering
12
Engineering Vision
  • Make sure that we are not under invested in
    areas of research growth or educational need nor
    over invested in continuing or mature areas,
    but with strong emphasis on the integration of
    research and education
  • Engineering thematic research areas
  • Information Technology
  • Engineering the Nano/Micro World - National
    Nanotechnology Initiative
  • Engineering the Environment - sensing and imaging
  • Biotechnology and biophotonics
  • Advanced manufacturing and materials
  • Engineering the Service World - SES and ETI
  • Engineering Education - CRCD, REU, RET

13
Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative (NSF
00-119)
  • Support research in emerging areas including
  • Biosystems at nanoscale
  • Nanoscale structures, novel phenomena, quantum
    control
  • Device and system architecture, design tools and
    nanosystem specific software
  • Nanoscale processes in the environment
  • Multi-scale, multi-phenomena modeling and
    simulation
  • Studies on societal implications of nanoscale
    science and engineering, education and training
  • Support large-scale and longer duration
    collaborative research and educational activities

14
Engineering Education
  • Develop the Engineering Faculty of the Future
  • Reward young faculty for integrating education
    and research (CAREER, CRCD)
  • Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars
    Workshops, Eng Education Coalitions)
  • Increase faculty diversity (ADVANCE, ERCs)
  • Attract and retain the best students
  • Engage faculty and students in the learning
    process
  • Provide early exposure to engineering practice
  • Collaborative learning and peer tutoring
  • Increase diversity of future workforce

15
Integration of Research Education
  • Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER)
  • Integrative Graduate Education and Research
    Traineeships (IGERT)
  • Engineers are active participants in 15 of NSFs
    19 awards
  • Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)
  • ENG has 52 REU sites, 444 REU scholars, 171 women
    or underrepresented minorities
  • REU supplements and ERC REU sites
  • Others
  • Graduate Research Fellowships
  • Minority Institutions for Excellence
  • Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education

16
Partnerships
  • Engineering Research Centers
  • 25-30 of support from other Federal agencies
  • 30 of support from private industry
  • Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers
    (I/UCRCs) - average 101 NSFindustry leveraging
  • NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research
  • NSF/DOE Partnership on Plasma Science and
    Engineering
  • NSF/HUD Partnership for Advancing Technology in
    Housing
  • Metabolic Engineering - partnership with eight
    agencies
  • National Nanotechnology Initiative - Federal
    Interagency Program with DoD, DOE, NASA,
    Commerce, NIH

17
International Activities
  • World Technology Evaluation Studies (WTEC)
  • Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing
  • Study on Tissue Engineering
  • US-Japan Joint Optoelectronics Project
  • NSF through ENG will be the lead Federal agency
  • US Japan Collaboration in Earthquake Mitigation
  • I/UCRC - QUESTOR
  • University of Arizona and Queens University at
    Belfast
  • DMII Grantees Conference
  • NSF/CONACyT (Mexico)/NRC and NSERC (Canada)

18
Current Major Research Equipment (MRE) Project
  • Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
    (NEES)
  • A high-performance collaboratory integrating
    experimentation, computation, data repository,
    model-based simulation and tele-presencing
    communication
  • Objective revolutionize the environment for
    earthquake engineering research to improve
    seismic design and performance of infrastructure
    systems
  • 81.9 M investment over five years (FY00-04)

19
Future MRE Infrastructure Project
  • Nanotechnology Experimentation and Testing
    Network (NEXT)
  • Concept An integrated network of world-class
    facilities for fabrication, testing, experimental
    validation and process standardization in support
    of the National Nanotechnology Initiative
  • design, development and characterization of
    nano-materials and nano-devices integration into
    components and products and connectivity in
    larger-scale systems.
  • Supports NSF Strategic goals
  • Provides a unique environment for integrating
    research and education of faculty and students
    (People)
  • Allows experiments/tests to be conducted
    simultaneously in different venues to speed
    validation/standardization (Ideas)
  • Provides a framework for innovation to occur
    through collaboration with industry and national
    laboratories (Tools)

20
Future Directions
  • FY 2001 Budget NSF received a 13.6 ( 540
    million) increase, including increases for
  • Information Technology Research
  • Nanotechnology
  • Bio and the Environment
  • 21st Century Workforce
  • Education and Human Resources
  • FY 2002 Budget Not quite as promising, but.....

21
Future Directions
  • We are confident that we will be able to make
    future investments in areas such as
  • Nanotechnology
  • Optical Technologies
  • Wireless
  • Post Genomic Engineering
  • Multiple Scale Modeling and Simulation
  • Extreme Events
  • Nano-scale Manufacturing
  • Environmentally Benign Manufacturing
  • Integration of Research and Education

22
Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS) Programs at
the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson Director, Division of
Civil and Mechanical Systems Directorate for
Engineering pnelson_at_nsf.gov, 703-292-7018
23
The Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS)
  • The Mission of CMS
  • to provide a fundamental underpinning for the
    engineering profession in application to
    mechanical systems and the constructed
    environment including infrastructure systems, and
  • to support the rapid development and deployment
    of new technology in service to society and to
    reduce risks induced by natural and technological
    hazards.

24
CMS Award InformationResearch Grants Only
FY99 mean award size 69k/year mean duration,
2.8 years
25
Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems
  • CMS is comprised of six programs
  • Five disciplinary super programs, each with two
    program officers
  • The NEES (Network for Earthquake Engineering
    Simulation) program, with two assigned program
    officers

26
CMS Programs
  • Dynamic System Modeling, Sensing Control
    (DSMSC)
  • Program Directors Alison Flatau
    (aflatau_at_nsf.gov) and Shi Chi Liu (on leave)
  • Infrastructure and Information Systems (IIS)
  • Program Directors William Anderson (on leave)
    and Miriam Heller (mheller_at_nsf.gov)
  • Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering (SMME)
  • Program Directors Ken Chong (kchong_at_nsf.gov) and
    Jorn Larsen Basse (jlarsenb_at_nsf.gov)
  • Structural Systems and Engineering (SSE)
  • Program Directors Vijaya Gopu to
    3/01(vgopu_at_nsf.gov), Peter Chang from 3/01
    (pchang_at_nsf.gov) and John Scalzi
    (jscalzi_at_nsf.gov)
  • Geotechnical and GeoHazards Systems (GHS)
  • Program Directors Clifford Astill
    (castill_at_nsf.gov) and Richard Fragaszy
    (rfragasz_at_nsf.gov)

27
NMR on a Chip A Micro-NMR Device for In Situ
Detection of Chlorides in Concrete
RF Power
Micro-NMR Device
Communications
Permanent Magnet
Road Salt
Chloride
Concentration
Concrete

Rebar
Micro-NMR Device
Permanent Magnet
B Embedded NMR Sensor
A Basic Concept for the Micro-NMR Device
  • An inexpensive passively powered NMR system, lt50
    mm in size, that can be distributed throughout a
    volume of concrete during placement, monitor in
    situ the concentration of chloride ions in the
    surrounding concrete, and store, process, and
    communicate the sensed data to the surface when
    interrogated.

28
Optical fiber accelerometer developed by Maria
Feng at UC Irvine has been implemented for health
monitoring of a California bridge. The photo
shows this sensor (left) being installed on the
bridge together with a conventional accelerometer
(right).
Sensors for Civil and Mechanical Systems
29
Electromagnetic imaging technology successfully
detected and visualized damage in the bonding
interface on FRP-jacketed reinforced concrete
columns.
Nondestructive Testing for Civil and Mechanical
Systems
(mm)
(mm)
30
People, Ideas and Tools Priorities for CMS
Research in FY2002
  • People
  • Integration of research and education CAREER,
    REU and RET
  • International connections esp.
    earthquake/hazards
  • Risk taking through the SGER mode of funding
  • Partnership programs with industry (e.g., CAREER,
    PFI, EPSCoR, GOALI) and agencies (e.g., DOT,
    FHWA, HUD)
  • Building new research communities (e.g., ETI,
    SES, PATH)
  • Ideas
  • Nano- and micro-scale materials and sensor
    science and engineering
  • Model-based simulation - integration of
    experiment and analysis
  • Environmental design and technologies - materials
    and sensors
  • Hazards and extreme events research
  • Infrastructure Systems - IT and SES
  • Tools
  • Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
    (NEES)

31
NSF and NEHRP
  • NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazard Reduction
    Program) - FEMA, NIST, USGS and NSF
  • NSF Investment for NEHRP-related research is
    typically about 30 million annually
  • NEHRP-related research is primarily funded
    through three NSF Directorates
  • Geosciences Directorate (10 to 12 million)
  • SBE Directorate (1 to 3 million)
  • Engineering Directorate (about 18 to 20 million)
  • 6 million for EERCs
  • 12 to 14 million for research programs
  • The NEES MRE project is under NEHRP

32
Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation
www.eng.nsf.gov/nees
  • Change focus from physical testing to seamless
    integration of testing, analysis and simulation
  • Revolutionize the practice of earthquake
    engineering research with state-of-the-art
    experimental equipment and information technology
  • Ultimately, enable new earthquake hazard
    mitigation technologies structural,
    geotechnical, and tsunami

82 million Major Research Equipment (MRE)
project construction 2000-2004 operation
2005-2014
33
Components of NEES http//www.eng.nsf.gov/nees
  • Earthquake engineering research equipment
  • Networked collaboratory
  • Operating subsystem
  • Computational subsystem
  • All equipment and the collaboratory
  • projects completed by end of FY04
  • Operation and use from FY05 through FY14 managed
    by the NEES Consortium

34
NEES and the Federal Budget ProcessNEES
Authorized FY 2000-2004
  • Annual Requested Appropriation
  • ( million, current inflation-adjusted dollars)

35
NEES Earthquake EngineeringTesting Equipment and
Facilities
  • Equipment Categories
  • Shake tables
  • Centrifuges
  • Tsunami/wave tank
  • Large-scale laboratory experimentation systems
  • Field Installations
  • Equipment Proposal Competitions
  • Phase 1 (45 million) - 11 awards
  • Phase 2 (est. 15 to 20 million)
  • announcement to be issued in Fall, 2001
  • 5 to 10 additional awards expected

36
Structural Modeling Strong Walls and Shake
Tables
Structural Engineering Earthquake Simulation Lab,
SUNY Buffalo http//civil.eng.buffalo.edu/SEES
L/
37
NEES Systems IntegrationPhase 1 - Scoping Study
In 8/00, an award was made to UIUC to conduct a
Scoping Study The NEESgrid project http//neesg
rid.org
  • Assess NEES-related Earthquake community
    requirements
  • Report with detailed design and proof-of-concept
    demonstration due 2/01
  • NSF review 3/01 for possible 10 million award in
    Summer 2001

38
The NEES Consortium
  • Consortium Development award in FY01 (NSF01-56)
    will develop the leadership, management, and
    coordination for the NEES collaboratory from
    beyond 2005 through 2014.
  • The NEES Consortium will
  • Maintain and operate the NEES collaboratory and
    equipment sites
  • Develop and implement shared-use access and data
    policies
  • Support continued equipment and technology
    development
  • Establish national and international partnerships
  • Develop outreach and training activities for use
    of the NEES

39
Bioengineering and Environmental Systems (BES)
Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Bruce Hamilton Acting Director, BES Division
Directorate for Engineering bhamilto_at_nsf.gov
40
Bioengineering and EnvironmentalSystems (BES)
  • BES has 3 disciplinary clusters, each funded at
    about 11 million/year
  • Biomedical Engineering (BME)
  • Biochemical Engineering (BCE)
  • Environmental Engineering (BEE)

41
BES PRIORITY AREAS FOR RESEARCH
  • Tissue Engineering
  • Metabolic Engineering
  • Post-Genomic QSB
  • Nanobiotech
  • EBM
  • Phytoremediation
  • Biophotonics

42
NanobiotechnologyBiosystems at Nanoscale
  • Nanobiotechnology is defined as the study and
    control of structure-function in biological
    systems and processes at the nanoscale.
  • Two of the grand challenges in Nanoscale Science
    and Engineering in which BES/ENG has strong
    interest are
  • Advanced healthcare, therapeutics and diagnostics
    and
  • Nanoscale processes for environmental improvement

DNA molecules are about 2.5 nanometers wide. Ten
hydrogen atoms span 1 nanometer. (Credit Liz
Carroll)
43
Chemical and Transport Systems (CTS) Programs at
the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Esin Gulari Director, Division of Chemical
and Transport Systems Directorate for Engineering
44
CTS Division Programs
  • Chemical Reaction Processes
  • Kinetics, Catalysis Molecular Processes
  • Process Reaction Engineering
  • Thermal Systems
  • Thermal Transport Thermal Processing
  • Combustion Plasma Systems
  • Interfacial, Transport Separation Processes
  • Interfacial, Transport Thermodynamics
  • Separation Purification Processes
  • Fluid, Particulate Hydraulic Systems
  • Particulate Multiphase Processes
  • Fluid Dynamics Hydraulics

45
Target Areas for CTS Investments
  • Development of Functional Materials and Processes
    by Integrating Nano-, Micro-, and Macro-scale
    Phenomena
  • Particle and film formation via self-assembly,
    combustion, and plasma processes
  • New catalysts/biocatalysts for selectivity and
    energy efficiency
  • Nanoporous membranes for separations
  • Microscale reactors to produce designed molecules
  • Sensors and actuators for process design and
    control
  • High-end computing tools for design, processing
    and manufacturing
  • Green Engineering
  • New catalysts for alternate feedstocks and less
    waste
  • Cleaner efficient energy conversion systems
  • Plasma processes for hazardous waste treatment
  • Benign solvents in materials processing and
    separations
  • Non-polluting chemical process design and control
    strategies
  • Biotechnology
  • Selective reaction and separation processes for
    production of high-value and therapeutic
    molecules

46
NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research
  • Technology for a Sustainable Environment
  • General Areas of Research Projects for the FY
    2001 Announcement
  • Chemistry and Chemical Reaction-based Engineering
    for Pollution Avoidance or Prevention
  • Non-reaction-based Engineering for Pollution
    Avoidance and Prevention
  • Green Design, Manufacturing, and Industrial
    Ecology for Sustainable Product/Services
    Realization

47
Design, Manufacture and Industrial Innovation
(DMII) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE
FOUNDATION
Dr. Kesh Narayanan Acting Director, Division of
Design, Manufacture and Industrial
Innovation Directorate for Engineering
48
SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR)SMALL
BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER (STTR)
  • Joe Hennessey
  • jhenness_at_nsf.gov

49
SBIR Innovation Model
Private Sector Investment/ Non-SBIR Federal
Funds (before/during/after!)
PHASE I Feasibility Research
PHASE II Research towards Prototype
PHASE III Product Development to Commercial Market
50
Participating Agencies
  • DOD
  • HHS
  • NASA
  • DOE
  • NSF 62M SBIR/STTR
  • USDA
  • DOC
  • EPA
  • DOT
  • DoED

51
Employment of Scientists Engineers
18.50
36
E
Government
Sector
S
13
G
Large
Business/Industry
Sector
L
Small
Business/Industry
Sector
32.50
1997 Data from NSF Science Indicators
52
Faculty Partnershipin Small Businesses
  • Faculty members can own small firms
  • Faculty members can be Senior Personnel on a
    grant budget
  • Faculty members can consult
  • Faculty members can be Principal Investigators
    (with official leave from the university)
  • Faculty members can be part of a university
    subcontract
  • Universities laboratories can do analytical and
    other service support

53
Market Driven Investment/BusinessFocused
SBIR/STTR Topics
  • Advanced Materials and Manufacturing
  • Nanotechnology
  • Biotechnology
  • Electronics
  • Information-Based Technologies

54
Academic DMII Programs
  • Materials Processing and Manufacturing (MPM)
  • Manufacturing, Machines and Equipment (MME)
  • Engineering Design (ED)
  • Integration Engineering (IE)
  • Operations Research (OR)
  • Production Systems (PS)
  • Innovation and Organizational Change (IOC)
  • Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with
    Industry (GOALI)

55
Scalable Enterprise Systems
  • Research deals with designing, planning and
    controlling extended enterprises in a period of
    very rapid change
  • Examples
  • Where to position inventories in supply networks
  • When to outsource part and component production
  • How to share forecast information to reduce
    inventories
  • How to structure networks to produce
    build-to-order products with minimum delay and
    inventory
  • How to design electronic markets for materials,
    parts and transportation

56
Future Directions for Manufacturing Enterprise
Large Enterprise Scale Engineering
the Service Sector
Small Nano Scale Nano-manufacturing
Distributed Manufacturing Enterprise
57
Electrical and Communications Systems (ECS)
Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Rajinder Khosla Acting Director, Division of
Electrical and Communications Systems Directorate
for Engineering
58
Electrical and Communication Systems (ECS)
  • Mission
  • Address fundamental research issues underlying
    device and component technologies, systems and
    computation technologies and integrative systems
    and ensure the education of a diverse workforce
    to support the rapid development of these
    technologies.
  • Core programs
  • Electronics, Photonics and Device Technologies
  • Control, Networks and Computational Intelligence
  • Integrative Systems

59
Electrical and Communications Systems Division FY
2002 Priorities
Electronics, Photonics, and Device Technologies
Control, Networks, and Computational Intelligence
Control Systems Network Engineering Distributed
and Hybrid Systems Power and Energy
Systems Learning and Adaptive Systems Quantum
Information Systems
Nanoelectronics Quantum Electronics Micromagnetics
Photonics Biomolecular Devices Sensors and
Actuators MEMS Power Electronics Wireless
Technologies
Integrative Systems
Microsystems Wireless and Optical Communications
and Information Networks
60
National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN)
Nanofabrication Processes Microelectronics
Optics and Optoelectronics Materials
Science Solid State Physics
Nanostructure Science Micromechanics
Microfluidics Quantum
Structures Biophysics
Chemical Sensors
Polymers
Cornell
Penn State
Stanford
Howard
U.C. Santa Barbara
www.nnun.org
61
Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) Programs
at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION
Dr. Bruce Kramer Director, Division of
Engineering Education and Centers Directorate for
Engineering
62
Strategy Develop theEngineering Faculty of the
Future
  • Reward young faculty for integrating education
    and research (CAREER Program - 30 of NSF awards
    are in ENG, CRCD)
  • Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars
    Workshops, Engineering Education Coalitions)
  • Experience in working across disciplines and in
    partnership with industry to gain knowledge of
    industrial practice (ERCs/EERCs and I/UCRCs)
  • Increase the diversity of the faculty (ADVANCE,
    linkages between ERCs and minority institutions)

63
Strategy Attract New Generationsof Innovators
to Engineering
  • Attract and retain the best students in
    engineering through new teaching methods
    (Coalitions, IGERT)
  • Engage faculty and students in the learning
    process
  • Early exposure to engineering practice
  • Collaborative learning and peer tutoring
  • Increase diversity (REUs, Coalitions, Graduate
    Fellowships for Women, ERCs/EERCs, ADVANCE)
  • Give undergraduates experience with engineering
    research (REUs, ERCs/EERCs)
  • New Curricula for Advanced Technology
    (ERCs/EERCs, CRCD)
  • Expose K-14 students and teachers to engineering
    and technology (RET, ATE, GK-12, ERCs/EERCs)

64
Engineering Research Centers
  • Engineered Systems Focus
  • Strategic vision for field
  • From discovery to proof-of-concept
  • Integration of research and education
  • Partnership with industry
  • Combine engineering and management
  • 39 ERCs supported since 1985 (23 currently
    funded)
  • Increasingly multi-university
  • Impact on university and practitioner education
  • Competition for FY 2002 awards will start soon

65
Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers
  • More than 50 current I/UCRCs
  • Strong leveraging of NSF funding (101)
  • Industry plays an active role in setting research
    agenda
  • NSF provides up to 100K/yr for first 5 years
  • NSF provides less for second 5 years
  • Proposal Process
  • Concept paper with expressions of interest from 6
    companies
  • Planning Grant (10K, external review)
  • Full Grant competition (due 18 months after
    receipt of planning grant)

66
DIVISION OFINTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS(INT)
  • Directorate of Social, Behavioral and Economic
    Sciences

67
Types of INT Programs
  • Planning Visits
  • Cooperative Research Projects
  • Workshops
  • Postdoctoral Fellowships
  • Dissertation Enhancement
  • Summer Programs for Graduate Students
  • INT programs are organized by country clusters -
    see http//www.nsf.gov/sbe/int

68
Programs for Young Researchers
  • Undergraduates
  • Participation in cooperative research projects
  • Graduate Students
  • Summer programs in Japan and Korea
  • Summer schools (ad hoc)
  • Dissertation enhancement awards
  • Participation in cooperative research projects
  • Postdoctoral researchers
  • Postdoctoral fellows
  • Japan fellowships
  • Participation in cooperative research projects

69
INT Supplements
  • Made to current awards
  • International activity of mutual benefit
  • Support for junior faculty and students
  • May be requested any time during the award

70
Summary
  • What challenges will the 21st century engineer
    face?
  • challenges driven primarily by advances in IT,
    Biotechnology, Nanotechnology, Terascale
    Computing, Cognitive Sciences, and other emerging
    technologies
  • Engineers will need a knowledge base in these
    areas well beyond what is being provided today
  • They will also need knowledge of integrated
    networking and design beyond what is provided
    today
  • challenges driven by ever-increasing social
    responsibilities including engineers playing a
    greater role in the development and
    implementation of national and international
    environmental and economic policy

71
Summary
  • What kind of education will the 21st century
    engineer need?
  • One that shifts from strict dedication to course
    content to a more comprehensive view
  • One that places primary emphasis on the
    development of students as emerging professionals
  • One that strives to assure that the E in
    Engineering truly stands for excitement !!
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