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SUDAN

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... Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic, Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, ... Goats 14 million. Camels 3 million. Inadequate H20. Migration of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUDAN


1
SUDAN
2

PHYSICAL SUDAN
  • LOCATION Located in Northern Africa, with the
    Red Sea to the north, and also bordering nine
    other countries.
  • AREA2,505,810 sq km
  • TERRAIN Generally flat, featureless plain
    mountains in far south, northeast and west
    desert dominates the north.
  • CLIMATE Tropical Climates located in the south,
    and desert conditions in the north.
  • GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION 15 00N, 30 00E
  • SIZE COMPARISON Slightly larger than a ¼ of the
    United States of America.
  • Largest country in Africa.
  • (CIA WORLD FACT BOOK)

3
POPULATION
  • Population estimated to be 39,148,162.
  • POPULATION GROWTH RATE 2.64
  • BIRTH RATE 35.79 births/1,000 pop.
  • DEATH RATE 9.37 deaths/1,000 pop.
  • SEX RATION 1.02 males/female
  • INFANT MORTALITY RATE 64.05 deaths/1,000 pop.
  • LIFE EXPECTANCY 58.13 years
  • (CIA WORLD FACT BOOK)

4
LAND
  • Arable Land 6.83
  • Permanent crops 0.18
  • other 92.99
  • Irrigated Land19,500 sq km
  • Natural Resources petroleum, iron ore, copper,
    chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold,
    hydropower.
  • ( CIA WORLD FACT BOOK)

5
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6
Soil Erosion and Desertification
  • Problems
  • Shifting Cultivation
  • Uncontrolled Grazing
  • Irrational use of heavy equipment
  • Fires
  • Consequences
  • Deforestation
  • Soil Desiccation
  • Lowering of soil fertility and water table
  • Dune Invasion

7
PEOPLE
  • Nationality Sudanese
  • Ethnic Groups black 52, Arab 39, Beja 6,
    foreigners 2, other 1
  • Languages Official language of Sudan is Arabic,
    however many others are still spoken, such as,
    Nubian, Ta Bedawie, diverse dialects of Nilotic,
    Nilo-Hamitic, Sudanic languages, and English.
  • Literacy total population 61.1
    male 71.8
    female 50.5
  • Only people over 15 considered
  • ( CIA WORLD FACT BOOK)

8
Religion
  • Sunni Muslim 70
  • Northern Regions
  • Indigenous Beliefs 25
  • Christianity 5
  • Southern Regions

9
Agriculture
  • 80 of Labor Force

10
Crops
  • Cotton (23 total exports)
  • Peanuts
  • Sorghum (pictured)
  • Millet
  • Wheat

11
Livestock
  • Cattle 20 million
  • Sheep 19 million
  • Goats 14 million
  • Camels 3 million

12
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13
Inadequate H20
  • Migration of People and Livestock
  • Drought
  • Civil War
  • Lack of facilities, , personnel, etc.

14
Government
  • President Umar Hasan Ahmed Al-Bashir
  • Secretary General Galal Mohamed Ahmed
  • Structure Unicaramel
  • Authoritarian regime
  • Independence on 1 January 1956 from Egypt and the
    UK.
  • Constitution 12 April 1973

15
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16
Govt (cont.)
  • Legal System National Assembly
  • Executive Branch - President
  • Judicial Branch Supreme Court
  • Legislative Branch Unicameral National Assembly
  • Political Parties NCP, PNC, and other minor
    parties

17
Economy The Sudanese Dollar
  • GDP Real Growth Rate 6.4
  • GDP
  • Ag 38.7
  • Industry 20.3
  • Services 41
  • Population below poverty line 40
  • Unemployment Rate 18.7

18
Econ (cont.)
  • Labor Force 11 million
  • By Occupation
  • Ag 80
  • Industry and Commerce 7
  • Government 13

19
Money Maker
  • Oil Production 345,000 bbl/day
  • Oil Consumption 70,000 bbl/day
  • Export 275,000 bbl/day

20
Import/Export
  • Imports
  • Foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and
    transport equipment, medicines and chemicals,
    textiles, and wheat
  • Exports
  • Oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame,
    livestock, groundnuts, gum arabic, and sugar

21
Extensive Hunting
22
Drought
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