Maya:%20%20Lords%20of%20the%20Earth - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Maya:%20%20Lords%20of%20the%20Earth


1
Maya Lords of the Earth
  • 2008 Fulbright-Hays
  • Seminar Abroad
  • Lianne Burnson

2
Fulbright-HaysSeminars Abroad Program
  • www.ed.gov/programs/iegpssap/index.html

3
Ancient Maya Accomplishments
  • Intellectuals
  • Mathematicians
  • Astronomers
  • Architects and engineers
  • Artistic

4
Where does gum come from?
  • Sapodilla Tree and Resin

5
Theobroma Cacao
6
Maps of theMaya World
7
Maya Map 1
8
Maya Map 2
Source ancienthistory.about.com/od/maps/ss/mapsi
ndex_3.htm
9
Maya Map 3
10
Maya Map 4
Source historylink101.com/1/mayan/mayan_maps.htm
11
New Wonder of the WorldChichen ItzaA.D.
400950
12
El Castillo - Kukulkan Temple
Chac Mool
13
The Observatory
14
Great Ball Court
15
Chac-Mool
16
Tzompantli - Platform of Skulls
17
The Nunnery
18
Sacred Cenote (Well) of Sacrifice
19
UxmalA.D. 2001200
20
Pyramid of the Magician
21
Chac - God of Rain, Thunder, Lightning
22
Nunnery Quadrangle
23
Arch Entry
24
Sacred Ceiba Tree
25
PalenqueA.D. 100900Population 10,000
26
Temple of Inscriptions
27
King Pacal A.D. 603683
Funeral Jade Mask National Museum of Anthropology
and History, Mexico City
28
Palace
29
Aqueducts
30
Bas-reliefs
31
Maya Homes
32
Ancient Commoner Homes
33
Modern Day Maya Home
34
(No Transcript)
35
Maya People
36
Ancient Maya Clothing
37
Modern- DayHuipils
38
Maya TodayPopulation 6 million
39
(No Transcript)
40
(No Transcript)
41
Farming and Food
42
Slash and Burn Method
43
Ancient Maya Food
44
Food Today
Beans
Tamales
Corn tortillas
Chili Chocolate Drink
45
Ancient Maya Religious Beliefs
46
Chac God of Thunder and Lightning
Ix Chel Earth and Moon Goddess, Patroness of
Weavers and Pregnant Women
47
Huracan God of Gale Force Winds
Kinich-Ahau Sun God
48
Coqueelaa God of the Cochineal Harvest
Cama-Zotz God of Bats
49
Yum Kaax God of Agriculture and Maize
50
Ah-Puch God of Death
Ek-Chuah God of Chocolate
51
Religious Beliefs Today
52
San Juan Chamula
53
Basilica de Guadalupe
54
Maya Writing System
55
Hieroglyphs
Written on Stone Wood Buildings Fig tree bark
  • two glyphs/column
  • left to right and
  • top to bottom

56
Palenque Glyphs
Dresden Codex
57
Maya Logograms
58
Scribes Today - Spanish
59
Spoken Mayan Languages
60
Evolution of Ancient Mayan Languages
61
(No Transcript)
62
Number System
63
Maya Positional Number System
Source www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk/HistTopics/M
ayan_mathematics.html
64
Maya Calendar
65
Sacred Round Tzolkin
  • 260 days
  • 20 day names
  • Symbols for days

66
The Vague Year Haab
  • 18 months
  • 20 days/month
  • 5 unlucky days at the end

67
Maya Arts
68
BackstrapWeaving
69
Ancient Maya Symbols
70
Seven Sacred Ancient Maya Designs
Universe
Scorpion
Snake
Ancestors
71
Seven Sacred Ancient Maya Designs
Toad
Flowering Corn
Butterfly
72
MayaCeramics
Mesoamerican Gallery UPM of Archaeology and
Anthropology
73
Norton Museum of Art
Veracruz (250600) Seated image of Old Fire God
Maya, Late Classic (ca. 600900) Cylinder vase,
polychrome ceramic
74
Boston Museum of Fine Art
Maya vase 650750 (party/ritual)
Late Classic Maya drinking cup (A.D. 593830)
75
Potters Today
76
Sellos - Ceramic Stamps
77
What happened to the Ancient Maya?
78
Jared Diamonds 5-Point Framework Model
  • Environmental Damage
  • Climate Change
  • Hostile neighbors
  • Population growth exceeded resources
  • Societys response

Diamond, Jared M. Collapse How Societies Choose
to Fail or Survive (2005).
79
Maya today live a
  • simpler,
  • agricultural,
  • communal,
  • and highly
  • spiritual life

80
  • Here were the remains of a cultivated,
    polished, and peculiar people, who hadreached
    their golden age, and perished, entirely unknown.
    The links which connected them to the human
    family were severed and lost, and (the ruins)
    were the only memorials of their footsteps upon
    earth.
  • John Stephens, 1853
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