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NASA Advisory Council Space Operations Committee


9 Merlin engines _at_ 125,000 pounds of thrust each. Rapid rollout to ... Falcon 9 Heavy planned to use up to 27 Merlin engines. Future plans include crew launch ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: NASA Advisory Council Space Operations Committee

NASA Advisory Council Space Operations Committee
  • Kennedy Space Center
  • February 5, 2009

Space Operations Committee
  • Col. Eileen Collins, Chair
  • Dr. Pat Condon
  • Dr. Owen Garriott
  • Mr. Jay Greene
  • Dr. Tom Jones
  • Adm. Benjamin Montoya
  • Jacob Keaton, Executive Secretary, NASA

Summary of Activities
  • ISS Avionics and Software Office
  • EVA Workshop Outbrief
  • SpaceX Facility Visit
  • ISS Crew Video Tour with Mike Fincke
  • International Space Station Status
  • Commercial Resupply Service
  • Shuttle Extension Update (with Exploration
  • Safety Mission Assurance Case Study Training

JSC ISS Avionics and Software Office
  • Committee visit on January 27, 2009
  • Objective was to observe the laptop operations
    onboard ISS and the planned upgrade from A31p to
    T61p model
  • Reason for upgrade is computer obsolescence
  • New units are lighter, less expensive, have more
    memory, use less power, HD screens, and have a 6
    year useful life with better performance in the
    space radiation environment
  • Background
  • Onboard units are used for science, robotics,
    video monitor, spacecraft systems, and crew
    personal needs
  • All international partners use the same model

JSC ISS Avionics and Software Office
  • As an added benefit, the tour included
  • the Neutral Buoyancy Laboratory to observe
    Shuttle crews training for the Hubble Space
    Telescope Servicing Mission and for STS-119
  • the Inflatable Lunar Habitat

ESMD EVA Workshop
  • Held Dec 1-2, 2008 in Pensacola/IHMC (NAC
  • Co-chairs H. Schmitt and K. Ford
  • Attendees
  • Suit engineers, designers, managers, astronauts,
    from Apollo, Skylab, Shuttle, ISS, Constellation
  • Capture experience and recommendations from EVA
  • helmets, gloves, boots, dust and maintenance
  • tools, controls, interfaces
  • fit, comfort, safety
  • operations, flight rules, logistics, training
  • development risks
  • Minutes, recommendations submitted to NASA for
    use in Constellation suit and operations planning

SpaceX Facility Visit
  • SpaceX is one of two companies funded through
    NASA COTS Program (Orbital Science Corp. is the
  • Space Ops Committee and two Exploration Committee
    members (Logsdon Fraser) visited Pad 40
  • Visit was hosted by a SpaceX Range Integration
  • SpaceX leases Pad 40 from the USAF, facilitated
    by Space Florida

SpaceX Facility Visit
  • Currently employ 36 on-site personnel launch
    will require 100
  • LCC will be near the south entrance to CCAFS
  • Integration facility is being constructed next to
    the launch pad
  • SpaceX has efficiently scavenged numerous
    resources from around CCAFS

SpaceX Facility Visit
  • First Falcon 9 launch is scheduled for June 2009
  • No payload scheduled yet
  • Test will be going to orbit
  • Falcon 9
  • 9 Merlin engines _at_ 125,000 pounds of thrust each
  • Rapid rollout to pad - 15 minutes
  • Horizontal to vertical - 15 minutes
  • 2 stages both planned to be recoverable
  • LOX/Kerosene
  • Falcon 9 Heavy planned to use up to 27 Merlin
  • Future plans include crew launch
  • Dragon vehicle not observed
  • Target flight rate is one Falcon 9 per month with
    facilities currently under construction

International Space Station Update
  • Briefing by Mike Suffredini, ISS Program Manager
  • Objective is to keep Committee members informed
    of Station operations to facilitate our position
    as advisors
  • Manifest Update (next page)
  • Soyuz Anomaly Investigation
  • Solar Alpha Rotary Joint (SARJ) Repair
  • Readiness for Six Person Crew
  • Processor Assembly (UPA) Distillation Assembly

(No Transcript)
International Space Station, Nov. 2009
International Space Station Update
  • ISS Service Module (SM) Reboost Error
  • ISS can be reboosted by Progress, Soyuz, ATV,
    Shuttle SM Main Engines  
  • ISS experienced high loads (vibration) during SM
  • Russian MCC uplinked the wrong filter in reboost
  • No impact to upcoming missions  
  • Lifetime to 2015 still OK lifetime through 2020
    still under investigation
  • - positive margins expected
  • - if necessary, focused structural repairs

Commercial Resupply Service
  • Commercial Orbital Transportation System (COTS)
    Phase II ISS Commercial Resupply Services
    contract awarded December 23, 2008
  • 40 metric tons of cargo needed for ISS between
    2011-2015 from the commercial sector
  • SpaceX 12 cargo missions to ISS
  • Orbital Sciences Corp 8 cargo missions to ISS
  • COTS Phase I is demonstration program already

Shuttle Extension Update
  • Briefing by John Shannon, Space Shuttle Program
  • Shuttle extension study still underway
  • Looking at cost, facilities, vendors, and
    workforce impacts
  • Three options
  • Retire in 2010 (current plan)
  • Extend to 2012
  • Extend to 2015
  • External Tank availability is the limiting factor

JSC Safety and Mission Assurance
  • Briefing by JSC Associate Director, Technical,
    Safety and Mission Assurance
  • Outstanding training for SMA employees includes
    lessons learned from major human spaceflight
    accidents and close calls
  • This training can and should be expanded to all
    employees involved in human spaceflight across

Short title of the Recommendation Teaching and
Applying Lessons Learned to NASAs Human
Spaceflight Employees Short description of the
Recommendation  To effectively transfer hard-won
"lessons learned" to its human spaceflight work
force, NASA should institute recurring training
for them using a curriculum based on existing
Safety and Mission Assurance materials. The
training program should include lessons learned
from the Apollo, Skylab, Mir, Shuttle, and ISS
accidents, incidents, and close calls.  NASAs
human spaceflight organizations (e.g.
Constellation, Shuttle, ISS) should incorporate
into their programs, from conception to
operation, the safety lessons and practices
learned from sobering experience.  Such
institutions should document training programs
and take full advantage of learning tools derived
from the Apollo 1, Challenger, and Columbia
accidents.   Having completed training, Program
Project Management need to verify that new system
designs comply with the lessons learned database.
 Major Reasons for Proposing the
Recommendation  SMA has an effective employee
curriculum for transferring lessons learned, but
NASA is missing an opportunity to teach those
principles to all human spaceflight team members.
The shuttle transition process and associated
future work force turn-over may result in the
loss of vital, hard-won knowledge and experience.
Recurring training is especially important to
preserve a healthy safety culture.  Although
Orion operations will differ from shuttle, many
generic lessons from the shuttle and earlier
programs can improve safety awareness and prevent
potential accidents. Regular exposure to NASA's
failures and the lessons drawn from them will
better prepare both veterans and new employees to
operate Constellation systems safely. Consequenc
es of no action on the recommendation  Failure
to expose the next generation of NASA's human
spaceflight workers to hard-won lessons learned
will expose future programs to unnecessary and
avoidable risk. Future programs will avoid
repeating past mistakes.  
Short title of the Recommendation Documentation
and Teaching of Human Spaceflight Lessons
Learned Short description of the
Recommendation  A portion of the NASA training
program should focus on lessons learned from the
human spaceflight missions in order to retain
historical knowledge, as many older employees
will be retiring.  NASA should document specific
major operational lessons learned from human
spaceflight programs.  These lessons learned
should be written/presented in a format to
facilitate ease of training for the next
generation of space workers.  Major Reasons for
Proposing the Recommendation  Concerns exist
where the labor force may turn over in sufficient
quantity to permit loss of knowledge and
experience.  Although the Orion missions will
differ from the shuttle missions, there are many
generic lessons from which new employees can
learn. By documenting certain incidents which are
good case studies, both new employees and
veterans can be better prepared to operate the
Orion launch and flight system. Some examples
could be Gemini-Titan 8, Skylab Rescue
Capability, Mir-Progress collision, STS-49
Intelsat retrieve, STS-47 tethered satellite
loss, STS-80 jammed EVA hatch, STS-87 Spartan
mission loss, STS-83 fuel cell anomaly, STS-93
electrical short and LOX low level cut-off, etc.
These lessons should also include major ground
processing, launch countdown and personnel
incidents.   Consequences of no action on the
recommendation  Insufficient documentation and
training for the next generation of space workers
may result in repeating generic problems.
Activities for Next Quarter
  • Site visit
  • COTS/Orbital Sciences Corp (OSC) during April
    2009 Washington DC meeting
  • Attend ASAP Meeting at JSC in April 2009
  • Fact finding
  • SOMD Budget
  • Space Shuttle Manifest Update
  • Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) Update
    (with Science and Exploration)
  • ISS Briefing (with Science)
  • The major ISS objective is to permit experiments
    in weightlessness and to promote commercial work.
    Review programs in areas which have been funded,
    RFPs released or specific investments already
    made to utilize the ISS.