COMMUNICATION%20FROM%20THE%20COMMISSION%20TO%20THE%20EUROPEAN%20PARLIAMENT,%20THE%20COUNCIL,%20THE%20EUROPEAN%20ECONOMIC%20AND%20SOCIAL%20COMMITTEE%20AND%20THE%20COMMITTEE%20OF%20THE%20REGIONS%20Offshore%20Wind%20Energy:%20Action%20needed%20to%20deliver%20on%20the%20Energy%20Policy%20Objectives%20for%202020%20and%20beyond - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Lack of knowledge and information sharing on application of EU ... Marine mammal protection. Land and habitat management. Information dissemination ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: COMMUNICATION%20FROM%20THE%20COMMISSION%20TO%20THE%20EUROPEAN%20PARLIAMENT,%20THE%20COUNCIL,%20THE%20EUROPEAN%20ECONOMIC%20AND%20SOCIAL%20COMMITTEE%20AND%20THE%20COMMITTEE%20OF%20THE%20REGIONS%20Offshore%20Wind%20Energy:%20Action%20needed%20to%20deliver%20on%20the%20Energy%20Policy%20Objectives%20for%202020%20and%20beyond

Intelligent Energy for Europe 2009 Good practice
in reconciling onshore and offshore wind energy
with environmental objectives GPWIND
Issues highlighted by the European Commission
  • Inexperience of applying EU environmental
    directives in offshore environment uncertainty
    cost and delay
  • Lack of knowledge and information sharing on
    application of EU environmental legislation
  • Lack of data available on marine ecosystems and
    location of protected species and habitats
  • Uncertainty about suitability of sites delays
    and disputes
  • Lack of awareness of information on impact of
    wind farms on species and habitats

  • GPWIND will
  • Address barriers to development of offshore
    and onshore wind generation
  • Reconcile renewable energy objectives with
    environmental objectives
  • Address active involvement of communities
  • Develop good practice guidance how to tool
  • Comparative case studies

Issues it will address
  • Bird collision risk
  • Cumulative Impact Assessment
  • Noise
  • Pre and post construction monitoring
  • Peat slide risk assessment
  • Community engagement
  • Marine mammal protection
  • Land and habitat management
  • Information dissemination

Intended outcomes
  • Demonstrate and disseminate good practice across
  • Develop a common methodology
  • User friendly good practice guide
  • How to toolkit to facilitate dissemination of
    good practice at local level
  • Focus on problem solving and practical experience
  • Valuable tool for policy makers, developers,
    administrative authorities, communities and
    environmental bodies

  • Partners
  • At least 3 EU MS
  • Government, NGOs, industry
  • Firm partners from Belgium, Malta, Greece,
    Ireland, Spain
  • Others involved RSPB, SNH, DECC, WWF
    Scotland, JNCC
  • Looking for more!

Western Isles study
  • After the refusal of consent for the Lewis wind
  • SG commissioned independent study into potential
    for economic community benefits on the islands in
    harmony with conservation objectives and
  • Involvement and joint working of key stakeholders
    and ongoing commitment to work together
    essential to realising actions emerging from the
  • Key environmental and economic stakeholders SNH,
    SEPA, Western Isles Council, HIE, Scottish

  • Western Isles is dependant on imported fossil
    fuels fuel poverty for many inhabitants
  • Western Isles has huge potential for electricity
    generation from wind and marine
  • BUT the islands have the most extensive coverage
    of environmental designations of any region in
  • Therefore theres a constraint on the nature and
    scale of permitted development

National Areas of Conservation
National Scenic Areas
  • Renewables is the main economic driver
  • Onshore wind offers most opportunities short term
  • Marine playing increasing role longer term
  • Development of an Energy Innovation Zone shared
    wind energy control centre including a wind
    energy testing site

Black Law wind farm
  • Implemented the largest and most ambitious
    habitat management plan
  • Demonstrates that wind farm developments and
    environment can go hand in hand

Habitat management plan
  • 1,440 hectares actively managed to create and
    improve conditions for wildlife.
  • Planting vegetation to improve conditions for
    birds and encourage species back to the area
  • Ambitious habitat restoration project
  • - Restoration of an abandoned 150 hectare
    opencast mine and clearance of around 400
    hectares of non-native forestry.
  • - Mine filled in and developed as wet grassland
    for breeding birds.

Outcomes of habitat management plan
  • Habitat restoration plan land scarred by
    opencast mining and commercial forestry is being
    reclaimed by nature a year after it began.
  • Increase in bird species
  • Vegetation monitoring regeneration of typical
    upland vegetation
  • Cleared forestry areas restored to blanket bog
    and acid grassland