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Urban%20choices%20in%20the%20use%20of%20rural%20space:

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lamb. Today. Manuka honey. Tea tree oil. Medicinal plants. Fresh vegetable ... Beef and lamb. Farmgate Research Model. T r a c e a b I l I t y. Education Tools ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Urban%20choices%20in%20the%20use%20of%20rural%20space:


1
Urban choices in the use of rural space
  • Is it peri-urban or peri-rural?

Dr. Jim Riddell
March 2006
2
Change is inevitable The dominant processes are
  • Demography
  • Globalization of the worlds food commodity
    markets
  • Deteriorating economic returns to family farm
    agriculture
  • Solutions must be compatible with democratic
    principles

3
Demography Urbanization
4
Age of farmers as of all farmers
Source Eurostat Yearbook 98/99. A statistical
eye on Europe 1987 - 1997. Brussels, Luxembourg,
1999. (European Communities), p. 345
5
Farm size
6
Globalization of agricultural
  • Food commodities and big business
  • Agricultural subsidy issues will be resolved in
    the near term future
  • EU is the worlds major food importer, yet pays
    high subsidies to produce food it cannot consume
  • WTO is only facilitating processes which are
    evolving economically (the umpire)
  • Thus no developed country can make policy in
    isolation anymore.

7
Deteriorating economic returns to family farm
agriculture
  • Off farm income essential

8
Non-competitive nature of Agriculture
  • Non-competitive for capital attraction
  • Financial
  • Physical
  • Human
  • Social/cultural
  • Large-scale farming is also not competitive
    without subsidies, protection and other
    distortions.
  • Vertical integration
  • Impossible in any case in most Developed
    economies from a social, political and cultural
    point of view

9
Solutions must be compatible with democratic
principles
  • For the first time there is near global
    acceptance of what constitutes good governance.
  • Democracy and development
  • Policy implications
  • Not because it is good but because it is
    necessary
  • Rural populations have been voting with their
    feet

10
Governments have tried many approaches some
examples
  • Norway guaranteed income for degree holding farm
    families
  • Sweden larger farms
  • Denmark, Finland and Holland Continuous local
    planning
  • Germany Village reorganization Wismar cluster
  • England Producers Associations Orkney Marketing
    Scheme
  • France SAFER and Chambres dagriculture

11
Age of farmers as of all farmers
Source Eurostat Yearbook 98/99. A statistical
eye on Europe 1987 - 1997. Brussels, Luxembourg,
1999. (European Communities), p. 345
12
Critical elements
  • Access to Information and research
  • Public environment that encourages
    entrepreneurial activities
  • Existence of a critical mass of SMEs
  • Networks for the exchange of experience and
    know-how
  • Infrastructure and geographical isolation, real
    or perceived.

13
New approaches why should it be different today
  • Inclusive business models
  • The more users, the more valuable
  • Capital savings administration
  • Rural resource users
  • Value adding activities.
  • Density of management
  • The long tail

14
Inclusive economic models
  • Inclusive Model
  • Internet more users the more valuable
  • Information
  • Maps
  • Goods
  • Services
  • Cell phone
  • Credit cards
  • Smart cards
  • Exclusive model
  • Value from exclusive ownership
  • Information
  • Maps
  • Stores
  • Companies
  • Owner of the lines
  • Checks, drafts, etc
  • Independent operators

15
Capital savings administration
  • The more users the better the administration
  • Sales receipts and tax collection
  • Land registry
  • Open records
  • Property owner can confirm
  • The more users the more staff, etc. needed
  • Fiscal police. An army of auditors
  • Restricted access to maps, plans and records.
  • Expensive to verify

16
The long tail niche instead of hits
From Chris Anderson The Long Tail, Wired Magazine
17
Topoclimate application in southern New Zealand
  1. Measurements of accumulated heat (GDD),
  2. Calculation of chilling periods,
  3. Calculation of growing season lengths and
    patterns,
  4. Identifying critical points for plant growth and
    production,
  5. Growing-Degree-Days
  6. Land use options
  7. Sustainability
  8. Soil vulnerability
  9. Specific analyses and indices

18
Rural residents control research and decide
  • Tradition
  • Wheat
  • Beef
  • lamb
  • Today
  • Manuka honey
  • Tea tree oil
  • Medicinal plants
  • Fresh vegetable market
  • Flower market
  • Wheat
  • Elk, deer, etc.
  • Beef and lamb

19
(No Transcript)
20
Conclusions
  • Farms will stay small
  • Rural economy will become increasingly
    diversified and tied to urban institutionsThe
    peri-rural
  • New uses of rural space
  • Agriculture will become ever more specialized
  • Organic foods, Specialized fruits and vegetables,
    etc.
  • Non-food Bio-energy, Cellulose products, etc.
  • Competition for rural resources will become
    intense and require major governmental policy
    intervention and institution building.
  • Water registries, etc.
  • Urban planning will have to include rural planning

21
Examples from Taiwan?
  • I would be very interested in Successes and
    failures you have observed.
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