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Slips and falls' Steve Thorpe steve'thorpehsl'gov'uk Health and Safety Laboratory, Health and Safety

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Title: Slips and falls' Steve Thorpe steve'thorpehsl'gov'uk Health and Safety Laboratory, Health and Safety


1
Slips and falls.Steve Thorpe
steve.thorpe_at_hsl.gov.ukHealth and Safety
Laboratory,Health and Safety Executive, UK.
2
Perceptions Real accidents These accidents
can be addressed Risk assessment based
approach Need better information Need better
Standards
3
Slips trips and falls HSE Workplace
statistics 11, 000 major injuries, 38 of
total 27, 000 over 3 day injuries, 24 of
total Initiators of other accidents, Falls
from height, workplace transport
4
Estimated costs UK 550 million per
annum Germany Euro 2 billion per annum US
6 billion per annum Real costs probably even
higher
5
From Hospital Episode Statistics
www.hesonline.nhs.uk
6
Why are people in hospital beds?
7
Canadian slip campaign video
8
Raised profile of these accidents Environmental
Health Officers HSE Inspectors Architects
Food processing/production Catering National
Health Service Prison Service Education Care
homes
9
Supported with Forensic visits Guidance Works
hops Conference papers and presentations Publica
tions Slips assessment tool (SAT) Slips and
trips e learning package (STEP 2/09)
10
Watch your step 2004 www.hse.gov.uk/watchyourstep
Shattered lives 2008 and 2009 www.hse.gov.uk/shatt
eredlives
11
Slip Potential
Cleaning
12
Friction requirements
Requirements higher for turning, carrying
For ramped surfaces add tangent of angle At 5
degrees 0.36 Tan 5 0.36 0.09 0.45
13
Reliable tests
14
Surface Microroughness
  • Range of instruments
  • Surtronic 10 Surtronic Duo Surtronic 3

15
Surface microroughness
  • Useful complementary measure
  • Monitor changes
  • Stairs
  • Profiles
  • Measurement used by SAT

16
Slips Assessment Tool (SAT)
  • download www.hsesat.info
  • uses slip potential model
  • input roughness data
  • quantifies slip risk
  • risk assessments, site surveys etc.

17
UK Slip Resistance Group, UKSRG
Membership includes HSL, HSE RAPRA,
SATRA Forensic engineers Flooring
companies Cleaning companies
Guidelines issue 3, 2005
18
  • Need to establish good tests
  • Good tests and supporting information in
    standards
  • Information must relate to installed floor
  • Monitor measure, near misses
  • Caution with manufacturers data

19
Footwear
20
Slip resistant footwear?
Extract from http//www.hse.gov.uk/research/hsl_
pdf/2007/hsl0733.pdf
21
Safety footwear
slip resistance one property other properties
given higher priority Today safety footwear
and slip resistant footwear are not the same
thing!
22
New CEN standard requires slip testing test
conditions? thresholds? only test new
footwear HSL ramp data informs Complementary
information helps Lots of information on HSE
website Everyday footwear?
23
Food Factory Case Study
  • Six month trial
  • Eliminated slip accidents
  • 12,000 saved
  • No slips for 3 years
  • Further savings?

24
Cleaning
  • Correct detergent
  • Concentration very important
  • Contact time most important
  • Solution must be removed
  • Mops only effective on smooth floors

25
Cleaning
26
Profiled surfaces?
27
  • 2 contaminants
  • water
  • glycerol

14 pieces of footwear HSL ramp test
28
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29
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30
Profiles?
  • Shod
  • dont necessarily improve slip resistance
  • can change very quickly
  • introduce different problems
  • Barefoot
  • less well understood.
  • more work required
  • characterise with pendulum and ramp method
  • data requires interpretation
  • Rz useful indicator

31
Care and residential homes
Elderly residents Cleaning Adjacencies mats
different surfaces Stairs, steps,
ramps Bathroom surfaces shod, barefoot
32
Dining areas
Adjacencies
Cleaning Time for cleaning
33
Slopes clearly identify
Think through, lines? colours?
34
Stairs
Consistent geometry, larger goings Square
nosings Contrasting nosings Good
handrails Good lighting Avoid patterned
carpet Avoid single steps
35
Stairs common mistakes
36
Bathrooms
37
Other HSE work Health sector proposal Hygienic
cleaning of safety floors BSI Committee
PRI/60 Slip resistance bath and shower mats /
trays
38
NHS Study 4/09 3/10 Dunhill Medical Trust
funding Clinical study looking for robust
statistics Patient outcomes Falls on hard/soft
floors HSL responsible for site based testing

39
Conclusions Slips and falls are a major cost
Long journey, many hurdles on the way They can
be addressed Solutions are often simple Depend
on reliable information Costs less than
accidents!!

40
Thank you for listening Questions?
www.hse.gov.uk/slips
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