for Rural Development Strategy update of The World Bank - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – for Rural Development Strategy update of The World Bank PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 6a5a0-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

for Rural Development Strategy update of The World Bank

Description:

J. Dixon (AGS), A. Gulliver (TCI) and D. Gibbon ... leaders: AFR -- A. Carloni; MNA D. Gibbon; ECA S. Tanic & F. Dauphin; SAS ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:114
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 30
Provided by: worl156
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: for Rural Development Strategy update of The World Bank


1
for Rural Development Strategy update of The
World Bank
FAO Global Farming Systems Study HIGHLIGHTS

2
Contributors
Contributors
  • S. Funes (SDA)
  • J. Dixon (AGS), A. Gulliver (TCI) and D. Gibbon
  • D. Forbes Watt (TCI), J. Monyo (AGS), D. Baker
    (AGS), A. MacMillan (TCI), C. Csaki (RDV/WB), S.
    Barghouti (RDV/WB)
  • Regional analysis team leaders AFR -- A.
    Carloni MNA D. Gibbon ECA S. Tanic F.
    Dauphin SAS J. Weatherhogg, J. Dixon K.
    DAlwis EAP D. Ivory and LAC A. Gulliver,
    J. de Grandi, C. Spehar G. Majella
  • More than 50 other professionals, including FAO
    HQ and regional office from various disciplines
    and Departments staff who contributed text and
    data, reviewed and edited

3
Outline
Outline of Presentation
  • Rationale
  • Approach of study
  • Overall setting and trends
  • An example region -- Africa
  • Overall strategic priorities and operational
    implications
  • Ways forward

4
Rationale -- RDS
World Bank Rural Development Strategy -- why
update ?
  • World Bank lending to agriculture has fallen to
    a historic low
  • Provide an overall guide to rebuild the
    commitment to rural development
  • Encompass a more holistic view of rural
    development
  • Respond to new global and regional developments,
    and lessons learned over the past several years
  • Enhance collaboration and partnership with
    client countries and donors

5
Rationale -- FSS
Why did the Bank request a Farming Systems Study?
  • Establish a frame of reference for agriculture
    component of rural development strategy
  • Identify key major farming systems for reduction
    of hunger and poverty
  • Identify trends in major farming systems until
    2030
  • Identify emerging constraints and opportunities
    and related strategic priorities for reduction of
    poverty and hunger (for major farming systems,
    for developing regions and for developing world)

6
Study approach
Study approach
  • Expert driven meta-analysis, supplemented by
    AT2015/30 projections and GIS data.
  • Identify global and regional factors co-evolving
    with farming systems.
  • Identify and map broad farming systems -- 72 in
    6 regions, based on livelihood patterns, which
    depend on AEZ irrigationsocio-economic
    conditions.
  • Identify trends, constraints, opportunities and
    strategic priorities (for 3-5 principal farming
    systems in each region, and for the region).
  • More than 20 case studies to illustrate key
    points.
  • Identify overall strategic priorities and overall
    operational implications.

7
Setting
Analytical framework
  • Analytical process
  • World -gt region -gt farming system -gt region -gt
    world
  • Five determinants of farming systems
  • INTERNAL
  • Natural resources climate
  • Technologies science
  • EXTERNAL
  • Globalisation markets
  • Policies, institutions public goods
  • Information human capital
  • Global setting
  • Under-nutrition
  • Poverty

8
Undernourishment -- regional distribution and
trend
Agriculture Towards 2015/30Technical Interim
Report
9
Poverty
Poverty -- regional distribution trend
People consuming less than US1 a day millions
10
Poverty
Poverty -- rural vs urban
11
Global Trends
Global Trends influencing Farming Systems
Development
  • Natural Resources increasing pressure,
    degradation, climate change, etc
  • Science Technology -- declining capacity,
    roles of public and private, etc
  • Globalisation Markets spreading, etc
  • Policies, Institutions and Public Goods
    declining incentives, decentralisation, reducing
    public goods, etc
  • Information Human Capital -- expanding, etc

12
Absolute increments in production
Agriculture Towards 2015/30Technical Interim
Report
13
Sources of growth all developing countries
14
Technology
Productive technologies
15
Markets
Food prices and per capita availability
Global Index of Food per Capita and Food Prices,
1959 - 1997
Source IFPRI WRI, 2001
16
Results
Highlights of Results
  • Six (World Bank) regions and Global Overview
  • AFR, MNA, ECA, SAS, EAP, LAC Global
  • Example of AFR (Sub-Saharan Africa)
  • 49 countries, total pop 626 m, agric pop 384 m
  • Agric -gt 20 of GDP, 67 of employment (esp. for
    poor)
  • 15 farming systems, of which 5 systems with
    growth and poverty reduction potential analysed

17
Africa
18
(No Transcript)
19
AFR farming systems
AFR -- farming systems
  • Irrigated Farming System (F S )
  • Tree-crop F S
  • Forest based F S
  • Rice-tree crop F S
  • Highland perennial F S
  • Highland temperate mixed F S
  • Root crop F S
  • Cereal-root crop F S
  • Maize mixed F S
  • Large commercial smallholder F S
  • Agro-pastoral millet/sorghum F S
  • Pastoral F S
  • Sparse (arid) F S
  • Coastal artisanal fishing F S
  • Urban based F S
  • (Underlined farming systems analysed in depth)

20
AFR Irrigated F S
AFR Irrigated Farming System (highlights)
  • Large scale schemes. 7 farm million people.
  • (Also scattered small scale irrigation and water
    control schemes)
  • High investment cost. Low performance.
  • High growth potential (expansion and
    intensification), especially small scale and
    water harvesting
  • Priorities for large schemes. Pricing. WUAs.
    Parastatal management. Modernise support
    services.
  • Priorities for SSI. Farmers groups and
    associations. MFI.

21
AFR Tree-crop F S
AFR Tree-crop Farming System
  • West Central Africa. 25 million farm people. 10
    million ha cultivated and perennial crops. 2
    million cattle.
  • Cocoa, coffee, oil palm, food crops (migrant
    labourers).
  • Population pressure, declining prices, dismantled
    service provision parastatals, tree crop
    owner-worker conflict.
  • High growth and poverty reduction potential.
  • Priorities. Focus on improvement of support
    services. Product quality upgrading.
    Diversification. Producer groups for services and
    marketing. MFI. Market information.

22
AFR Maize mixed F S
AFR Maize Mixed Farming System
  • East Southern Africa. 60 million farm people.
    32 million ha cultivated. 36 million cattle.
  • Local and hybrid maize, pulses, oilseeds, coffee,
    tobacco, groundnuts, cattle, off-farm work.
  • Declining price ratios, declining soil fertility,
    population pressure, poor effectiveness of
    top-down.
  • Good medium-long term growth and poverty
    reduction potentials.
  • Priorities. Technology for soil fertility
    management and land husbandry. IPM. Zero
    tillage. Fallow enrichment. Market development.
    Diversification.

23
AFR Cereal-root crop F S
AFR Cereal-root crop Farming System
  • West Central Africa moist savanna. 59 million
    farm people. 31 million ha cultivated. 43
    million cattle.
  • Maize, yams, cassava, sorghum, cotton, pulses,
    oilseeds, cattle, off-farm work.
  • Declining input-output price ratios, soil
    fertility decline, Striga, weak support services.
  • High growth potential through area expansion and
    intensification.
  • Priorities. Conservation agriculture. IPM.
    Crop-livestock integration. Diversification.
    Farmer groups for inputs and marketing.

24
AFR Agro-pastoral sorghum/millet F S
Agro-pastoral sorghum/millet Farming System
  • Africa-wide in semiarid areas. 33 million farm
    people. 22 million ha cultivated. 25 million
    cattle.
  • Sorghum, pearl millet, sesame, pulses, cattle,
    camels, small ruminants, off-farm work linkages
    to higher potential farming systems.
  • Population pressure, droughts, declining soil
    fertility, lack of grazing areas.
  • Modest growth and poverty reduction potential.
  • Priorities. Reduction of crop failure through
    early varieties and water harvesting, improved
    land husbandry, strategic forage reserves, crop
    residues for livestock, disease control and
    improved poultry, farmer groups.

25
AFR Regional Strategic priorities
AFR Regional strategic priorities
  • Sustainable land management, good land husbandry
  • Small scale irrigation, water harvesting, drought
    tolerant varieties
  • Market based land reforms, investment in public
    goods such as tsetse eradication
  • Diversification to non-traditional export crops,
    pest and weed control practices, livestock
    disease control
  • Agricultural information and farmer training

26
(No Transcript)
27
(No Transcript)
28
Intensification
Overall Levels of intensification of farming
systems
  • I Low intensity, land labour resource
    based, food crop based, usually predominance of
    traditional technologies
  •  Drivers Population, Technology
  • II a Medium intensity, land resource
    technology based, limited improved land
    management, mixed crop-livestock integration
    and/or diversified
  • Drivers Population, Resources, Technology
  • II b Medium intensity, resource technology
    based, cash crop based, low diversity, high
    market integration
  •  Drivers Technology, Markets, Services (incl.
    infrastructure)

29
Intensification
Overall Levels of intensification of farming
systems (cont)
  • III High intensity, technology and market
    based, significant integration
  • Drivers Technology, Markets, Services (incl.
    Infrastructure)
  • IV a Very high intensity, high on-farm
    integration, technology, market and
    information-based
  • Drivers Services, Information/knowledge
  • IV b Very high intensity, specialised,
    vertically integrated, market and
    information-based,
  • Drivers Information/knowledge

30
Strategic priorities -- NRM
Overall cross-cutting strategic
priorities Achieving sustainable and productive
natural resource management
  • Sustainable natural resource management
  • Recapitalisation of soil fertility
  • Water resources management
  • Capacity to respond to climate change

31
Strategic priorities -- technologies
Overall -- deploying science and technology for
poverty reduction
  • Pro-poor technologies
  • Participatory RD
  • Land and labour productivity in high potential
    areas
  • Labour productivity in low potential areas
  • Biotechnology with safeguards

32
Strategic priorities -- markets
Overall -- exploiting globalisation and market
development
  • Smallholder focus on labour intensive or niche
    market produce
  • Household food security needs must be satisfied
    first
  • Support private sector development
  • Create enabling environment for market
    development

33
Strategic priorities -- policies
Overall -- refocusing policies, institutions and
public goods
  • Resource user rights -- equitable, secure,
    transferable
  • Infrastructure -- accessible to poor, sustainable
  • Irrigation expansion -- focus on small-scale
    farmer managed
  • Continue agricultural policy reforms and
    strengthen meso-level institutions
  • Targeted safety nets

34
Strategic priorities -- information
Overall-- enhancing agricultural information and
human capital
  • Agricultural information, wide availability,
    especially to poor smallholders
  • Broad training, systems-oriented, for
    professionals and farmers

35
Changing scenarios
Implications of changing scenarios
  • Faster global warming
  • Faster trade liberalisation
  • Faster AIDS pandemic (AFR, SAS?)

36
Operational Implications
Overall -- some operational implications
  • Emphasising demand driven approaches to IRD
  • (participatory systems farmer-led learning
    gender youth)
  • Re-engineering support services and related
    institutions
  • (integrated support services decentralisation
  • stakeholder fora)
  • Broadening the range of financing instruments
  • (new instruments competitive grants)
  • Assessing the impact of policy and
    institutional changes using global and national
    farming systems frameworks

37
Study Products
Study Products
  • Available now at World Bank website
  • http//www.worldbank.org/
  • essd/rdv/vta.nsf/Gweb/Farming
  • Synthesis and Global Overview
  • Regional Analyses (six, one per region), and
    case studies
  • Maps (5 per region)
  • Available soon at FAO website
  • all reports and 14 maps/region
  • Available end-June
  • expanded and updated
  • Synthesis and Global Overview

38
Ways forward
Feedback?
  • Good feedback from World Bank
  • and stakeholders in the regions
  • Ways Forward?
  • National rural development strategies
  • PRSPs, CAS, investment targeting
  • National statistics and impact assessment
  • Framing FAO Regular Programme and projects
About PowerShow.com