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January 27, 2005

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Title: January 27, 2005


1
FEFPA 2004 FBC
  • January 27, 2005
  • FLORIDA BUILDING CODE
  • Jon Hamrick - Construction Planning and Design
    Manager
  • Florida Department of Education
  • Office of Educational Facilities

2
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3
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4
Florida Building Code
  • Effective Date January 1, 2005
  • 220
  • Different construction types
  • Relies on fire separations and sprinkler systems

JULY 1, 2005
5
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6
2004 Florida Building Code
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • base documents base documents
  • 1997 SBC 2003 IBC IRC
  • 1997 IPC 2003 IPC
  • 1998 IMC IFGC 2003 IMC IFGC
  • 2002 NEC 2002 NEC
  • 2001 FFPC 2004 FFPC

7
2004 Florida Building Code
  • 2003 I-Codes FL. Specific 2004 FBC
  • FL. Specific
  • 2001 FBC / FL. Specific requirements
  • HVHZ (Miami Dade and Broward)
  • Special occupancy State rules.
  • Correlation with FFPC

8
Organization
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
9
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
10
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
11
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
12
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
13
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
14
Organization (continued)
Chpt
2001 FBC
2004 FBC
15
Chapter 3Use and Occupancy Classification
  • Classification based on
  • Commonality of fire risk
  • Expected ability of occupants to respond to fire
    risk

16
OCCUPANCY TYPES
Assembly Education Hazardous Mercantile Storag
e
Business Factory Institutional Residential Uti
lity
17
ASSEMBLY TYPES
18
  • Incidental use areas
  • Accessory use areas
  • Mixed use occupancies

19
Incidental use areas
  • 302.1.1 Incidental use areas.
  • Area listed in Table 302.1.1 must be separated
    and/or protected.
  • or
  • Must be classified as a mixed occupancy and
    comply with Table 302.3.2.

20
Incidental use areas
  • The incidental use area must be separated from
    the remainder of the building with a fire
    barrier,
  • or
  • Must be provided with an automatic
    fire-extinguishing system with smoke barriers.

21
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22
Furnace rooms where any piece of equipment is
over 400,000 Btu per hour input
Rooms with any boiler over 15 psi and 10
horsepower
23
Laboratories and vocational shops located in
Group E occupancies.
1 hour or provide automatic fire-extinguishing
system
24
Storage rooms over 100 square feet.
1 hour or provide automatic fire-extinguishing
system
25
Accessory use areas
  • 302.2 Accessory use areas.
  • Can be of any occupancy except Group H and
    incidental use areas.
  • When combined, total areas can not exceed 10 of
    the area of the story in which they are located
  • Are not required to be separated by a fire barrier

26
Accessory use areas
  • 302.2.1 Assembly areas.
  • Accessory assembly areas are not considered
    separate occupancies when
  • The floor area is equal to or less than 750
    square feet.
  • Assembly areas are accessory to
  • Group E Occupancies.

27
Mixed use areas
Section 423 Media centers, administrative
offices, cafeterias, and kitchens are not
considered as a separate occupancy Auditoriums
and gymnasiums are considered as a separate
occupancy
28
Mixed use areas
  • Each portion of the building shall be completely
    separated from adjacent use areas by fire barrier
    walls or horizontal assemblies or both having a
    fire-resistance rating per Table 302.2.3
  • Each fire area shall comply with this code based
    on the use of that space.

29
Table 302.3.2Required Separation of Occupancies
(Hours)
30
Chapter 6Types of Construction
  • 2001 FBC IBC
  • Type I Type I-A
  • Type II Type I-B
  • Type III Type IV
  • Type IV Type II-A II-B
  • Type V Type III-A III-B
  • Type VI Type V-A V-B

31
602.2 Type I and II Construction
  • Building elements are of noncombustible
    materials.

32
602.3 Type III Construction
  • Exterior walls are of noncombustible materials
  • Interior building elements are of any material
    permitted by this code.

33
602.4 Type IV Construction
  • Heavy Timber
  • The exterior walls are of noncombustible
    materials
  • The interior building elements are of solid or
    laminated wood without concealed spaces.

34
602.5 Type V Construction
  • The structural elements, exterior walls and
    interior elements are of any materials permitted
    by this code.

35
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36
Allowable Heights and Areas
  • EDUCATIONAL
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • Construction Type I I-A
  • Max Stories NL UL
  • Height in feet NL UL
  • Area Multistory UA UL
  • One story UA

37
Allowable Heights and Areas
  • EDUCATIONAL
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • Construction Type II I-B
  • Max Stories NL 5
  • Height in feet 80 160
  • Area Multistory UA UL
  • One story UA

38
Allowable Heights and Areas
  • EDUCATIONAL
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • Construction Type III uns/spr IV
  • Max Stories 2 3
  • Height in feet 65 65
  • Area Multistory 18k/36k 25.5k
  • One story 18k/54k

39
Allowable Heights and Areas
  • EDUCATIONAL
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • Construction Type IV 1 hr II-A
  • Max Stories 2 3
  • Height in feet 65 65
  • Area Multistory 18k/36k 26k
  • One story 18k/54k

40
Allowable Heights and Areas
  • EDUCATIONAL
  • 2001 FBC 2004 FBC
  • Construction Type IV-unprot II-B
  • Max Stories 1 2
  • Height in feet 55 55
  • Area Multistory 14.5k
  • One story (uns/spr) 12/36

41
Height Area Increases
  • 504.2 506.3 Automatic sprinkler systems
  • 20 feet height increase
  • 1 story increase in number of stories
  • Multi-story building - 200 increase in area
  • Single story building 300 increase in area

42
Height Area Increases
  • 506.1 For frontage
  • 20 feet wide public way
  • More than 25 of building perimeter on public way

43
Unlimited Group E Building Area
  • 507.8 Group E buildings.
  • To have an unlimited area in Group E building of
    a 1-story Type II, IIIA or IV construction the
    following 3 criteria are to be met
  • 1. Each classroom has two means of egress, one
    directly to exterior
  • or
  • The building is divided into 30,000 square foot
    areas with 1-hour fire-resistance rated smoke
    barriers.

44
Unlimited Group E Building Area continued
  • 2. The building is equipped throughout with an
    automatic sprinkler system.
  • 3. The building is surrounded and adjoined by 60
    feet wide public ways or yards.

45
Basements
  • 503.1.2 Group A and E basements
  • Group A and Group E basements used as classrooms
    or assembly rooms shall be counted as a story.

46
Height and Area Limitations
  • 503.1.3 Buildings on the same lot
  • Two or more buildings on same lot are treated as
    separate buildings
  • Exception the aggregate area and height of the
    multiple buildings combined meet the requirements
    of Table 503.

47
Section 423 Public Education
  • Revise statute citations from 235 to 1013
  • Revises construction types to match ICC
    construction types
  • Lowest floor elevation 1 foot above base flood
    elevation

48
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Enclosed Courtyard roof covering does not
    exceed 50 of courtyard area
  • Roofed Courtyard roof covering more than 50 of
    courtyard area

49
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Braille characters not required for FIRE
    EXTINGUISHER INSIDE and FIRE ALARM INSIDE signs
  • Heat detectors not required in fully sprinklered
    buildings in unoccupied spaces.

50
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Separate Occupancies
  • Media centers, administrative offices,
    cafeterias, and kitchens are not considered as a
    separate occupancy
  • Auditoriums and gymnasiums are considered as a
    separate occupancy

51
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Occupant Load Calculations
  • Comply with FBC Table 1004.1.2
  • Classrooms 20 NSF/occupant
  • Shops Vo-tech 50 NSF/occupant

52
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Permitted Types of Construction
  • Type I - A B (Non-Combustible)
  • Type II A B (Non-Combustible)
  • Type IV (Heavy Timber)
  • Buildings 3 stories or higher
  • Type I Construction

53
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Wood studs not allowed
  • Exception historic structures to maintain the
    fabric if the historic character of the
    structure.

54
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Exceptions to Permitted Types of Construction
  • Covered walkways open on all sides
  • Single story dugouts, press boxes, concession
    stands, related public restrooms, covered play
    areas, non-flammable storage

55
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Safe School Design Guidelines are a
    recommendation
  • Website

http//www.firn.edu/doe/edfacil/ safe-schools.htm
56
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Fencing is requirements
  • K-12
  • Exposed mechanical, plumbing, gas or electrical
    equipment
  • Child care kindergarten play areas
  • K-5 - Special hazard areas
  • Retention ponds, canals, roadways

57
Section 423 Public Educationcontinued
  • Covered walkway roofs extend 1 foot beyond
    designated walkway width.
  • Building Setbacks
  • 25 feet
  • Local jurisdiction permits smaller setback

58
Section 423 Public Educationcontinued
  • Individual toilet room doors do not have to swing
    in direction of egress
  • Doors opening into smoke-tight corridors to be
    self-closing
  • Clarifies operation of security grills on
    emergency access opening

59
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Interior Finishes
  • Floors
  • Instructional Spaces resilient material or
    carpet
  • Impervious in locker rooms, showers, drying
    areas, toilet rooms, kitchens, scullery, food
    storage areas, can wash

60
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Interior Finishes
  • Impervious Walls
  • Toilet rooms 4 ft. high
  • Kitchen, scullery, can wash, showers 6 ft. high
  • Impervious Ceilings
  • Group toilet rooms, kitchens, scullery, can wash,
    showers, locker rooms.

61
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Toilet rooms continuously ventilated
  • Exception for individual toilet rooms
  • Continuously ventilated
  • or
  • Ventilation runs for 10 minutes after light
    switch is turned off

62
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • GFI receptacles required at
  • Building entry vestibules receptacles.
  • Elementary special needs classrooms receptacles.
  • Mechanical, boiler, electrical room
    receptacles.

63
Section 423 Public Education continued
  • Revises language of standby emergency power
    system requirements for EHPAs

64
Table 601Fire-Resistance Rating Requirements for
Building Elements
65
Table 601Fire-Resistance Rating Requirements for
Building Elements (Continued)
66
Table 602Fire-Resistance Rating Requirements for
Exterior Walls
67
Table 602Fire-Resistance Rating Requirements for
Exterior Walls (Continued)
68
Chapter 7Fire-Resistance Rated Construction
  • Prescriptive fire-resistance ratings
  • Calculated fire-resistance ratings

69
Section 705 Fire Walls
  • Portions of a building separated by fire walls
    shall be considered a separate building.
  • Fire walls shall provide a complete separation.
  • Fire walls shall be of a 4-hour fire resistance
    rating.
  • Group E Occupancies 3 hour fire resistance
    rating.

70
Section 706 Fire Barriers
  • Assemblies with required fire resistance rating
    used to separate fire areas, exits, and mixed use
    areas.
  • Similar to fire walls, but less restrictive.
  • The locations of fire barriers are provided in
    other sections of the Code, (Chapter 3 and
    Chapter 10).
  • 2-hour rated construction for Group E occupancies

71
Section 709 Smoke Barriers
  • Divide buildings into smoke compartments
  • One-hour fire rated construction
  • Fire/smoke dampers required at ducts

72
Chapter 8 Interior Finishes
  • Intent is to control the speed of fire
    development and spread in a building.
  • For Educational Occupancies

73
Chapter 9Fire Protection Systems
  • Automatic sprinkler system required for
  • Group A-1 thru A-4 Occupancies
  • Group E fire areas greater than 20,000 square
    feet in area.
  • Throughout every portion of Group E buildings
    below the level of exit discharge.
  • Buildings three stories or more in height

74
Table 1004.1.2 - MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA ALLOWANCES
PER OCCUPANT
  • Assembly with fixed seats See Section 1004.7
  • Assembly without fixed seats
  • 7 NSF Concentrated (chairs onlynot fixed)
  • 5 NSF Standing space
  • 15 NSF Unconcentrated (tables and chairs)
  • 20 NSF Classroom Areas
  • 50 NSF Shops Vocational Room Areas

75
Table 1004.1.2 - MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA ALLOWANCES
PER OCCUPANT
  • 200 GSF Commercial Kitchens
  • 100 GSF Business areas
  • Library
  • 50 NSF Reading rooms
  • 100 GSF Stack area
  • 50 GSF Locker rooms
  • 15 NSF Stages and platforms

76
Corridor Fire-Resistance Rating
  • Table 1004.3.2.1 1016.1
  • For Educational Occupancy
  • Without sprinkler system - 1 hour
  • With sprinkler system smoke tight

77
TABLE 1005.1 EGRESS WIDTH PER OCCUPANT SERVED
Stairways, with and w/o sprinkler system Other
egress components, with and w/o sprinkler system
0.3 inches per occupant 0.2 inches per occupant
78
Travel Distance
  • Table 1015.1 Exit access travel distance
  • Group E and A occupancies
  • w/o sprinkler system 150 feet
  • W sprinkler system 200 feet
  • 1013.3 Common Path of Egress Travel
  • 75 feet

79
Section 1027Educational Occupancies
  • 1027.3 Doors that swing into an exit access
    corridor shall
  • Recessed to prevent interference with corridor
    traffic
  • OR
  • Shall open 180 degrees to stop against the wall.
  • Doors in any position shall not reduce the
    required corridor width by more than one half

80
Section 1027Educational Occupancies
  • 1027.1 Exterior Corridors or Balconies
  • 1027.1.2 Minimum width
  • Sufficient to accommodate the occupant load
  • Minimum 6 feet wide

81
  • CHAPTER 11
  • FLORIDA ACCESSIBILITY CODE FOR BUILDING
    CONSTRUCTION

82
Accessibility
  • New Accessibility Guidelines
  • U.S. Architectural and Transportation Barriers
    Compliance Board
  • New format, organization, extensively edited
  • July 23, 2004
  • www.access-board.gov/ada-aba.htm
  • 800-872-2253

83
Chapters 14 thru 26
  • Requires buildings and structures located within
    High Velocity Hurricane Zones to comply with HVHZ
    requirements.

84
Chapter 16Structural Design
  • Based on ASCE 7-98
  • Wind speed map consistent with 2001 FBC
  • Definitions for wind borne debris and exposures
    consistent with 2001 FBC

85
Chapter 24 Glass Glazing Section 2406.1.2
  • Wire glass is not permitted in Group E
    occupancies.

86
Manufactured Buildings
  • Relocation of manufactured buildings does not
    constitute an alteration.
  • A relocated building shall comply with wind speed
    requirements of the new location at the time the
    relocatable was manufactured.

87
Manufactured BuildingsContinued
  • The building department shall inspect
  • Foundations
  • Connecting buildings to foundations
  • Joining the modules
  • Utility crossovers and utility connections
  • Installation of parts identified on plans as site
    installed items
  • Any other work done on site which requires
    compliance with the Florida Building Code.
  • Additional inspections are required for public
    educational facilities. See 423.27.20.

88
Relocatables
  • Plan review required through DCA
  • Plans required to be updated to meet Florida
    Building Code
  • Product approval required for exterior components

89
Relocatables continued
  • Can be relocated into same wind zone or a lesser
    wind zone
  • Wind zones are determined from date of
    construction of relocatable

90
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91
Exception For the purpose of public educational
facilities and state licensed facilities, see
Chapter 4, Special Occupancy, of the Florida
Building Code, Building
92
Existing Buildings
  • 423.5.13 Remodeling
  • Rearrangement of space
  • Change of use
  • 423.5.14 Renovation
  • Rejuvenating existing facilities
  • Replacement of materials equipment

93
Building Code Development
  • Florida Building Commission
  • International Code Congress
  • Adopts base code with Florida specific amendments
  • Commission members vote on adoption
  • Develops base codes
  • Building officials and their designated staff
    vote on adoption

94
  • QUESTIONS

95
Internet Addresses
  • http//www.dca.state.fl.us/fhcd/fbc
  • Building Code Commission
  • www.access-board.gov/ada-aba.htm
  • http//www.firn.edu/doe/edfacil/safe-schools.htm
  • Safe School Design Guidelines
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