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Biofuels in the USA

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Source: http://www.eia.doe.gov/ U.S. Energy Consumption by Source and Sector ... July 16, 2008: Flambeau River BioFuels, Verenuim To Receive DOE Grant Money ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Biofuels in the USA


1
Biofuels in the USA Dennis Ojima
2
Renewable Energy in the U.S. - 2006
65 wood 23 biofuels 12 waste
Source http//www.eia.doe.gov/
3
U.S. Energy Consumption by Source and Sector
Source http//www.eia.doe.gov/
4
U.S. Energy Consumption by Source and Sector
Source http//www.eia.doe.gov/
5
Renewable Energy in the U.S.
Source http//www.eia.doe.gov/
6
http//www.nrel.gov/docs/fy06osti/39181.pdf
7
http//www.nrel.gov/gis/images/biomass.jpg
8
USA Maize Production
  • 40 of global production
  • 70 of global exports
  • Developing EtOH capacity gt current
  • Corn subsidies 37 billion 1995-2003
  • Corn price 2/bu 2004-5, now 3.5

Earth Policy Institute, 2006
9
http//www.ethanolrfa.org/objects/documents/plantm
ap_oct_4_2007.pdf
10
Accelerated Domestication
  • Apply advanced, modern genetic and genomics
    techniques to accelerate the domestication rate
    in fast growing short-rotation tree species.

11
Corn Domestication
12
Populus as a Model for Biofuels Production
  • Fastest-growing deciduous tree in U.S.
  • Genus occurs across broad geographic range
  • Perennial and clonal
  • Readily propagated and grown in intensive
    plantations

13
  • WILLOW
  • SWITCHGRASS
  • JATROPHA
  • ALGAE

14
Innovation in Biofuels
  • New developments in biofuel production from algae

15
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16
Economic Use of Marginal Cropland
  • Grass Pellets
  • - yields of 3 dry US t/acre
  • - ? retail value, wood pellets currently
    180-200/t
  • - ash issue (3-4 versus lt1 for wood)
  • Wood Chips
  • - sustainable forest cull-wood removal 1-2
    t/ac/yr
  • - high value hardwood timber
  • - currently 20-25/green t
  • Short Rotation Willow
  • - currently 28/green t
  • but qualifies for CRP and
  • CREP projected 10 t/acre

17
Considerations for Assessing Sustainable
Bioenergy Development Strategies
  • Full Life-Cycle Of Biofuel Production
  • Land use
  • Energy use
  • GHG emissions
  • Energy resource depletion associated with
    production and utilization
  • Water consumption
  • Eutrophication
  • Biodiversity/ Invasive Species
  • Air pollution
  • Socio-economic Impacts
  • Economic impacts
  • Job creation
  • Wealth distribution
  • Food Versus Fuel
  • Social impacts
  • Social responsibility
  • Social equity

18
System Boundary for cradle-to-gate life-cycle
assessment for corn production Source Department
of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and
Renewable Energy
19
ENVIRONMENT Energy Balance GHG Land
Use Biodiversity Water Nutrients Invasive
Biota SOCIAL Food vs Fuel Aesthetics Economic Jo
bs/Training Equity Certification
20
POLICY ACTIONS
  • FARM BILL
  • Provides an overall 1 billion to fund programs
    in the energy title that will leverage renewable
    energy industry investments in new technologies
    and new feedstocks
  • Includes 320 million in loan guarantees for
    biorefineries producing advanced biofuels
  • Provides 35 million for a new program to help
    existing ethanol facilities reduce their fossil
    fuel use
  • Provides 120 million for the Biomass Research
    and Development Program
  • Funds the Bioenergy Program at 300 million
  • Creates a Biomass Crop Assistance Program to
    develop the next generation of feedstocks for
    renewable energy
  • Establishes a sugar-to-ethanol program
  • Provides sugar to biofuel producers at
    competitive prices

21
Energy Bill
  • S. 3233 - A bill to promote development of a 21st
    century energy system to increase United States
    competitiveness in the world energy technology
    marketplace, and for other purposes.
  • (2) clean energy technologies in vehicles and
    fuels that will end the reliance of the United
    States on foreign sources of energy and insulate
    consumers from the price shocks of world energy
    markets
  • (3) a domestic commercialization and
    manufacturing capacity that will establish the
    United States as a world leader in clean energy
    technologies across multiple sectors
  • (4) installation of sufficient infrastructure to
    allow for the cost-effective deployment of clean
    energy technologies in each region of the United
    States
  • (5) the transformation of the building stock of
    the United States to zero net energy consumption.
  • S. 2730 Clean Energy Investment Bank Act of
    2008 A bill to facilitate the participation of
    private capital and skills in the strategic,
    economic, and environmental development of a
    diverse portfolio of clean energy and energy
    efficiency technologies within the United States

22
IN THE NEWS
  • July 17 DRI and UNR Work Together on Biomass
    Conversion Process. Researchers from the Desert
    Research Institute and the University of Nevada,
    Reno are part of a 4.674 million study by Gas
    Technology Institute to economically convert any
    leafy or woody biomass into a uniform, densified
    feedstock that can be easily fed into any thermal
    gasifer or pryolyzer for conversion into syngas,
    fuels and value-added chemicals.
  • July 16, 2008 Flambeau River BioFuels, Verenuim
    To Receive DOE Grant Money
  • July 14, 2008 Louisiana Passes Advanced Biofuel
    Legislation
  • July 9, 2008 Biomethodes Develops VT Biofuel
    Processes

23
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24
Renewable Energy in the U.S.
Source http//www.eia.doe.gov/
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