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Technology as a Mechanism for Teaching and Learning : The Power of Technology Integration

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N. Kathleen O'Neill. What do you expect. To become aware of: What would you like to know? ... Vision refers to a picture of the future with some implicit or explicit ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Technology as a Mechanism for Teaching and Learning : The Power of Technology Integration


1
Technology as a Mechanism for Teaching and
Learning The Power of Technology Integration
N. Kathleen ONeill
2
What do you expect
3
To become aware of
Objectives
Vision Future Needs Capabilities Resources Effects
of Change
What would you like to know?
4
Vision
Vision refers to a picture of the future with
some implicit or explicit commentary on why
people should strive to create that future.
5
Technology in Georgia Two Miles Down a Ten Mile
Road
North
North Central
West Central
East Central
South
http//itc.gsu.edu/presents
6
Technology Advances in the Classroom, Before and
After Lottery
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0
Distance Learning
Stationary Computers
Networked Computers
TVs
Telephones
Modems
92/93 School Year
95/96 School Year
7
Vision
Simply doing more of the same is not better.
8
Why do we have to change
9
Hopefully the integration of technology will
flourish and have a positive impact.
10
  • 1973 How many online.coms were there?
  • 130

2000 How many online.coms are there?
  • 4 million

1999 What of major corporations have
web-based training?
  • 92

Pop Quiz
1998 How many people in the US bought
something online?
  • 39

1999 How many people in the US bought
something online?
  • 72

1999 What percentage of teachers report they
are comfortable with technology?
  • 20

1999 How many users join the Internet each
day?
  • 100,000

11
Why do we have to change
12
In 2000 -
Between 1988 and 2000 knowledge has doubled four
times
and will continue to grow exponentially
in the 21st century.
13
EXAMPLES.COM
  • E-trade
  • Amazon
  • WebMD
  • XOOM
  • E-bay
  • Bankrate
  • Priceline

14
In 2000 -
85 of the technologies we will work with
havent been invented yet.
15
In 2000 -
70 of American homes have one or more computers.
Computers will be as abundant as televisions by
2010.
16
MOORES LAW
Computer power is doubling every 18 months
while cost is declining by 35 each year.
17
MOORES LAW
1979 RAM-16 k Hard Drive-128k 2 Mhz
5,000 1998 RAM-32 MB Hard Drive-200,000k 300
Mhz 995 2010 RAM-325MB Hard Drive-1,000,000k
40,000 Mhz ?
18
10
19
In 2000 -
Virtually every job in the country
requires some skill with information- processing
technology.
20
In 2000-
  • More than 20 million new jobs have been created
    since 1993-almost all in the information
    technology sector.

21
In 2000 -
Education is available 24 hours a day to provide
just in time anywhere, anytime learning.
22
In 2000-
  • Todays educators are functionally unemployable
    outside of education.
  • Willard Daggett, 1993

23
In 2000 -
We must create a culture of learning and a
community of learners.
24
In 2000-
Would schools be like they are today if they
didnt exist and we had to create them?
25
In 2000 -
We need a different kind of educator.
26
In the present and future -
How do we get this different kind of educator?
27
Capabilities
  • What do you want teachers to be able to do?
  • What do you want students to be able to do?
  • What do you need?

28
  • What should educators be able to do?

29
  • Active
  • Student Centered
  • Critical Thinking
  • World Based
  • Inclusive
  • Passive
  • Teacher Centered
  • Memorization
  • Classroom Based
  • Exclusive

30
  • OLD
  • Passive
  • Teacher Centered
  • Memorization
  • Classroom Based
  • Exclusive
  • NEW
  • Active
  • Student Centered
  • Critical Thinking
  • World Based
  • Inclusive

31
Barriers
  • Time
  • Training
  • Resources
  • Need/Expectations
  • Support/Risk Free
  • Leadership

32
Questions to ask
  • Relative advantage
  • Observability
  • Compatibility
  • Complexity
  • Trialability

33
Things we have done wrong
  • Equipment before training
  • Training before access
  • No standards/expectations
  • Assuming everyone is the same
  • Courses not performance standards

34
Use of Technology Self-Evaluation Rubrics
  • I. Basic Computer Operation
  • II. File Management
  • III. Word Processing
  • IV. Spreadsheet Use
  • V. Database Use
  • VI. Graphics Use
  • VII. Internet Use
  • VIII. Telecommunications Use (E-Mail)
  • IX. Ethical Use Understanding
  • X. Information Searching

  • XI. Video Production
  • XII. Presentation Skills
  • XIII. Technology Integration

35
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36
Use of Technology Professional Development
Opportunities
  • Troubleshooting
  • Becoming a Troubleshooting Trainer
  • Word - Office97
  • Excel Gradebooks, Macros, and Merges
  • Access Relationships, Calculations and
    Information Delivery
  • Seek and Find Making the Web Work for You
  • The Power of Imagery
  • Delivering Information via the Internet
  • Critical Thinking and the Web
  • Basic Camcorder
  • Video in the Classroom
  • PowerPoint
  • Bloom's and the Curriculum
  • Curriculum for the Student-Centered Classroom

37
Classroom Observation List Degree of Use in
Curriculum
Students Spend Less Time Memorizing Information
Students Memorizing Information
Students Actively Involved
Students Passively Involved
No Student Discipline Problems
Student Discipline Problems
Students On-Task
Students Off-Task
Student Responsible for Learning Activities
Teacher Responsible for Learning Activities
Students Doing Different Activities
All Students Doing The Same Activity
Teacher In Walking Around Room As Facilitator
Teacher In Front Of Room
Students Using Technology To Complete Meaningful
Classroom Activities
No Students Using Technology
38
Standards-ISTE
  • Basic operations and concepts
  • Social, ethical, and human issues
  • Technology productivity tools
  • Technology communications tools
  • Technology research tools
  • Technology problem-solving and decision-making
    tools

39
How does the use of technology change teachers ?
40
  • What should students be able to do?

41
Future Needs
  • Collaboration
  • Cultural Diversity
  • Technological Fluency
  • Systemic Thinking
  • High Tech / High Touch
  • Excellence
  • Pride / Loyalty / Ethics

42
How does the use of technology change students?
43
How do we make the change?
44
WebCT
45
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46
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47
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48
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49
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50
Overall Guiding Principles
1. Focus on learning and the learner. 2. Engage
in rigorous self analysis. 3. Study the history
of new ideas and proceed gradually. 4.
Continually evaluate progress.
51
WHAT DOESNT WORK
1. Computer assisted instruction. 2. Technology
courses without application. 3. Stand alone
connectivity. 4. Computer use separate from
curriculum.
52
WHAT DOES WORK
1. Student centered application. 2. Internet
access. 3. Video and distance learning. 4.
Technology imbedded curriculum. 5. Project based
learning 6.Performance based evaluation
53
Ask yourself this question . . .
  • What is impossible now that if it could be done,
    would change your profession/life?
  • Then . . .
  • Move to the edge, and do it!
  • Those who say it cant be done should get out of
    the way of those who are doing it!

54
Sacred Cows Make the Best Burgers
Robert Kriegel and David Brandt 1996 Warner Books
55
Resourcefulness
Resourceful people are effective at making the
most of any situation and utilizing whatever
resources are available to develop plans and
contingencies.
(613202734)
56
Optimism
Is the glass half empty of half full?
35 - (512192633)
57
Adventurousness
Adventurous people love a challenge. They tend to
be restless and shun the comfort zone. Routine
bores them. They hate repetition and feel
compelled to break out. They are always looking
for new ways to do things.
35 - (18152229)
58
Drive
Passion is the fuel that maximizes all the other
traits. Passion is the individuals level of
personal dynamism. It shows up in a persons
level of intensity and determination.
411182532
59
Adaptability
Adaptability includes two elements flexibility
and resilience. Flexibility involves ease of
shifting expectations. Resilience is the capacity
to rebound from adversity quickly with a minimum
of trauma.
35 - (310172431)
60
Confidence
If optimism is the view that a situation will
work out, confidence is the belief in your own
ability to handle it. I can handle whatever
comes down the pike.
29162330
61
Tolerance for Ambiguity
When things are vague, in flux, or unclear,
people who are uncomfortable with ambiguity get
impatient and irritable. They want answers fast
and they want them now.
35 - (714212835)
62
Effects of Change
Communication Change
Teacher Change
Student Change
Higher Ed Change
Professional Development
63
Result Students prepared for
the 21st Century.
Communication Change
Teacher Change
Student Change
Higher Ed Change
Professional Development
64
We are the ones that control our responses.
We made our past.
We have made our present.
We will make our future.
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