CQ: To what extent did the politics and culture of Abundance create a unified America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – CQ: To what extent did the politics and culture of Abundance create a unified America PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 60f3a-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

CQ: To what extent did the politics and culture of Abundance create a unified America

Description:

CQ: To what extent did the politics and culture of Abundance. create a unified America? ... 'Operation Wetback' (1954) & Termination (1953) Why was Lakewood, CA. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:60
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 44
Provided by: susan647
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: CQ: To what extent did the politics and culture of Abundance create a unified America


1
CQ To what extent did the politics and culture
of Abundancecreate a unified America?
  • 19521960Chapter 27 The Politics Culture of
    Abundance

2
THE 1950s
Conservatism, Complacency, and Contentment
OR
Anxiety, Alienation, and Social Unrest ??
  • Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua,
    NY

3
  • The 50s The Kitchen DebateHow was this a
    microcosm of the decade?

1959 ? Nixon-Khrushchev Kitchen
Debate
Cold War -----gt Tensions
lt----- Technology Affluence
4
Eisenhower the Politics of the Middle Way
I
  • The President and McCarthy
  • Executive Order (1953)
  • Communist Control Act (1953)
  • Army Hearings (1954)
  • Legacy of Jr. Senator from WI.
  • Moderate Republicanism
  • The 8 Millionaires and 1 Plumber
  • Social Security Expansion (1954)
  • Department of Health, Education, Welfare (1953)
  • Today
  • Health Human Services
  • Education

5
Eisenhower the Politics of the Middle Way
II
  • Moderate Republicanism
  • Atomic Energy Act (1954)
  • Interstate Highway Defense System Act (1956)
  • Benefits Costs

6
Interstate Highway Act1956
7
Eisenhower the Politics of the Middle Way
III
  • Moderate Republicanism
  • Tax Policy
  • Price-Anderson Act (1957)
  • The 1956 Election 2nd Term
  • Triumph Gridlock
  • Recession (1958)
  • Economic Policy Changes
  • Domestic Economic Legacy

8
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment I
  • The New Look in Foreign Policy
  • Bigger bang for the buck (Charles Wilson, Sec.
    Defense)
  • The importance of John Foster Dulles
  • Secretary of State
  • Intermestic Agenda
  • Massive Retaliation Evolution of MAD
  • Propaganda Cultural Infiltration
  • United States Information Agency (1953)
  • Voice of America, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty

9
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment II
  • Applying Containment to Vietnam
  • Descent into Americas Longest War
  • Timeline
  • Vietnamese Independence (1945) application of
    Truman Doctrine?
  • Eisenhower Domino Theory (1950s)
  • Dien Bien Phu (1954)
  • How and why did Eisenhower try to draw the line?
  • Geneva Accords (1954)
  • Agreement Implication of U.S. Decision
  • SEATO (1954) Ngo Dinh Diem
  • Americanizing the War?
  • ARVN Aid (1954-1961)

10
Geneva Accords 1954
11
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment III
  • Role of the CIA (Allen Dulles)
  • Foreign Relationships
  • CIA Politics, Labor, Journalists Academics
  • MKULTURA Program
  • Interventions in Latin America
  • Guatemala (1954)
  • Jacobo Arbenz United Fruit Company
  • Nixon Venezuela (1958)
  • Cuba (1959-1960)
  • Batista, Castro End of Platt Amendment Era
  • Interventions in the Middle East

12
CQ To what extent did the politics and culture
of Abundancecreate a unified America?
  • 19521960Chapter 27 The Politics Culture of
    Abundance

13
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment IV
  • Interventions in the Middle East I
  • Iran (1951-1953)
  • Mohammed Mossadegh
  • Reza Pahlavi
  • Role of the CIA (Allen Dulles)
  • Why did Eisenhower authorize the Agency to
    instigate a coup?
  • To what extent did/does this event shape
    American-Iranian Relations?
  • How might this be an example of misapplied
    Containment?

14
Liberation Rhetoric Practice of Containment V
  • Middle East II
  • Suez Crisis (1955-1956)
  • Gamel Abdel Nassar (1956)
  • Crisis Timeline
  • Negotiations Collapse Nationalization
  • Israeli, British, French Incursion
  • How why did Eisenhower undermine this action?

15
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment VI
  • Interventions in Middle East III
  • Eisenhower Doctrine (1957)
  • Jordan Lebanon (1957-1958)
  • End Questions
  • Why did US intervene so actively in these two
    areas?
  • What implications did this period have for
    current relations with these two regions?

16
Liberation Rhetoric the Practice of
Containment VII
  • The Nuclear Arms Race
  • From Stalin to Khrushchev (1953)
  • Atoms for Peace (1953)
  • Austria Geneva (1955)
  • Why did these moments suggest opportunities for
    détente between the two sides?
  • Why didnt it last?
  • Escalation1956-1960
  • Hungary (1956)
  • Sputnik (1957)
  • NASA National Defense Education Act (1958)
  • U-2 Incident (1960)
  • ICBMs (1961)
  • Military-Industrial Complex Irony? (1961)

17
  • Progress Through Science

1951 -- First IBM Mainframe Computer 1952 --
Hydrogen Bomb Test 1953 -- DNA Structure
Discovered 1954 -- Salk Vaccine Tested for
Polio 1957 -- First Commercial U. S. Nuclear
Power Plant 1958 -- NASA Created 1959 --
Press Conference of the First 7
American Astronauts
18
New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of
Abundance
  • Technology transforms Agriculture
  • Agribusiness Productivity
  • Agribusiness New Deal Legacy
  • Agribusiness race/poverty
  • Technology transforms Industry
  • What fields were impacted?
  • Why was Union influence at its zenith?
  • AFL-CIO Merger (1955)
  • How and why did U.S. practice government welfare
    welfare capitalism?

19
A Changing Workplace
Automation 1947-1957 ? factory workers
decreased by 4.3,
eliminating 1.5 million
blue-collar jobs. By 1956 ? more
white-collar than blue-collar
jobs in the U. S. Computers ? Mark I
(1944). First IBM
mainframe computer (1951).
Corporate Consolidation By 1960 ? 600
corporations (1/2 of all
U. S. companies) accounted for
53 of total corporate income. WHY?? Cold
War military buildup.
20
A Changing Workplace
New Corporate Culture The Company Man
1956 ? Sloan Wilsons The Man in
the Gray Flannel Suit
What type of economy was the U.S. now
becoming? Why did this have serious political,
social, and economic implications?
21
  • Suburban Living

Levittown, L. I. The American Dream
1949 William Levitt produced 150
houses per week.1960 1/3 of Americans are
suburbanites
7,990 or 60/month with no down payment.What,
who (not), where, why? (
22
New Work and Living Patterns in an Economy of
Abundance
  • The Rise of the Sun Belt
  • Why did World War II the Cold War drive this
    demographic change?
  • Examples?
  • Why did this change have profound implications
    for Mexican and Native Americans?
  • Operation Wetback (1954) Termination (1953)
  • Why was Lakewood, CA. an excellent case-study for
    this change?

23
(No Transcript)
24
CQ To what extent did the politics and culture
of Abundancecreate a unified America?
  • 19521960Chapter 27 The Politics Culture of
    Abundance

25
The Culture of Abundance
  • The Revival of Domesticity and Religion
  • Why did both of these phenomenon stem (in part)
    from the Cold War?

26
Religious Revival
  • Today in the U. S., the Christian faith is
    back in the center of things. -- Time magazine,
    1954

Church membership 1940 ? 64,000,000
1960 ? 114,000,000
Television Preachers 1. Catholic Bishop
Fulton J. Sheen ? Life is Worth Living 2.
Methodist Minister Norman Vincent Peale ?
The Power of Positive Thinking 3. Reverend Billy
Graham ? ecumenical message warned against
the evils of Communism.
27
Well-Defined Gender Roles
The ideal modern woman married, cooked and cared
for her family, and kept herself busy by joining
the local PTA and leading a troop of Campfire
Girls. She entertained guests in her familys
suburban house and worked out on the trampoline
to keep her size 12 figure.
-- Life magazine, 1956
MarilynMonroe
The ideal 1950s man was the provider, protector,
and the boss of the house. -- Life magazine,
1955
  • 1956 ? William H. Whyte, Jr. ? The
    Organization Man
  • a middle-class, white suburban male is the ideal.

28
  • Baby Boom

It seems to me that every other young housewife I
see is pregnant. -- British visitor to
America, 1958
1957 ? 1 baby born every 7 seconds
29
The Culture of Abundance
  • Television transforms culture politics
  • Did this medium transform or uphold traditional
    American values?
  • Why?

30
  • Suburban LivingThe Typical TV Suburban Families

The Donna Reed Show1958-1966
Leave It to Beaver1957-1963
Father Knows Best1954-1958
The Ozzie Harriet Show1952-1966
31
  • Consumerism

1950 ? Introduction of the Diners Card
All babies were potential consumers who
spearheaded a brand-new market for food,
clothing, and shelter. --
Life Magazine (May, 1958)
32
The Culture of Abundance
  • Countercurrents
  • What evidence existed that dissent existed during
    the 1950s?

33
Teen Culture
  • In the 1950s ? the word teenager entered
    the American language.
  • By 1956 ? 13 mil. teens with 7 bil. to spend
    a year.

1951 ? race music ? ROCK N ROLL
Elvis Presley ? The King
34
Teen Culture
Juvenile Delinquency ???
1951 ? J. D. Salingers A Catcher in the Rye
James Dean inRebel Without a Cause (1955)
Marlon Brando inThe Wild One (1953)
35
Teen Culture
  • The Beat Generation
  • Jack Kerouac ? On The Road
  • Allen Ginsberg ? poem, Howl
  • Neal Cassady
  • William S. Burroughs

Beatnik
Clean Teen
36
Teen Culture
Behavioral Rules of the 1950s
Obey Authority. Control Your Emotions. Dont
Make Waves ? Fit in with the Group. Sex
Marriage.
37
Challenges to Neo-Cult of Domesticity
Changing Sexual Behavior Alfred Kinsey
1948 ? Sexual Behavior in the Human
Male 1953 ? Sexual Behavior in
the Human Female
Premarital sex was common. Extramarital affairs
were frequent among married couples.
Kinseys results are an assault on the family as
a basic unit of society, a negation of moral law,
and a celebration of licentiousness.
-- Life magazine, early 1950s
38
Challenges to neo-Cult of Domesticity
  • Edith Stern
  • Betty Friedan
  • What challenges did both make about the revival
    of domesticity?


39
Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement I
  • African Americans Challenge the Supreme Court and
    the President
  • Review the F-on-F Handout on Civil Rights
  • Answer as groupHow why did the USSC chip away
    at Jim Crow?
  • Why was Brown v. Board (1954) the most important
    of these cases?
  • Why did Brown, the Little Rock Crisis (1957) and
    subsequent Civil Rights Bills (1957 1960) mark
    the beginning rather than the end of this
    movement?

40
Emergence of a Civil Rights Movement II
  • Montgomery and Mass Protest
  • CORE World War II
  • Rosa Parks Bus Boycott (1953)
  • The importance of women WPC
  • Montgomery Improvement Association emergence
    of Dr. King
  • SCLC Southern Civil Rights Movement (1957)

41
  • The 50s Come to a Close

1959 ? Nixon-Khrushchev Kitchen
Debate
Cold War -----gt Tensions
lt----- Technology Affluence
42
Class TopicPair Discussions
  • The postwar era witnessed tremendous
    economic growth and rising social contentment and
    conformity. Yet in the midst of such increasing
    affluence and comfortable domesticity, social
    critics expressed a growing sense of unease with
    American culture in the 1950s.
  • Assess the validity of the above statement and
    explain how the decade of the 1950s laid the
    groundwork for the social and political
    turbulence of the 1960s.

43
Conclusion
  • Peace, Prosperity, and Unmet Challenges
  • What evidence was there by the end of this decade
    that these three concepts were interconnected?
About PowerShow.com