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Spanish American War


Spain left Cuba and also handed over Puerto Rico and Philippines to U.S.. The Platt Amendment ... Progressive Era Presidents. Woodrow Wilson. Federal Reserve ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Spanish American War

Unit 8
  • Spanish American War
  • And
  • The Progressive Era

Yellow Journalism
  • Male Spanish officials strip search an American
    woman tourist in Cuba looking for messages from
  • Front page "yellow journalism" from Hearst
  • (artist Remington)

  • Yellow Journalism
  • Hearst's treatment was more effective and focused
    on the enemy who set the bomband offered a huge
    reward to readers

  • Yellow Journalism
  • Pulitzer's treatment in the World emphasizes
    horrible explosion

  • Imperialism
  • When one country controls another countrys
    land, politics or economy with no intention of
    stopping literally, establishing empires.

  • Foreign policy debate
  • Imperialism vs. Isolationism

Spanish-American War
  • Monroe Doctrine (1820)
  • A policy statement that we would control the
    Western Hemisphere (Europeans should stay out)
  • To protect our economic interests and national
  • U.S. sugar industry had 50M in Cuban plantations
    (controlled by Americans)

Spanish-American War
  • Newspapers promoted war drawings
  • Spain as evil
  • Cuba as innocent and helpless
  • Pres. McKinley as a coward
  • Rallied sympathy for Cuban people
  • Fueled pro-war feeling in America
  • America must intervene

  • Joseph Pulitzer
  • New York World
  • Pulitzer prize for journalism
  • Started St. Louis Post Dispatch
  • William Randolph Hearst
  • New York Journal

Spanish-American War
  • U.S. won basically in 2 ways
  • Use of the navy by Theodore Roosevelt
  • Ordered Commodore Dewey to Philippines to destroy
    Spanish there (Battle of Manila)
  • Rough Riders
  • 200,000 men enlisted to fight
  • Teddy Roosevelt resigned as Assistant Secy. Of
    the Navy so he could enlist in Rough Riders
  • TR was in charge of volunteers and led them up
    San Juan Hill

Spanish-American War
  • Results
  • Spain left Cuba and also handed over Puerto Rico
    and Philippines to U.S.
  • The Platt Amendment
  • Let Cuba form a government
  • Withdrew some U.S. troops
  • But put our navy base there and claimed our right
    to come back
  • Roosevelt Corollary (by 1904)
  • We will use our police power to control the
    Western Hemisphere

Spanish-American War
  • Imperialism after the war
  • American public was divided
  • Pres. McKinley was an imperialist
  • Business leaders were imperialists

Progressive Era
  • Reformers wanted to improve American life
  • Pushed for changes to society in a movement
    called Progressivism
  • Progressivism 4 main goals
  • Protect social welfare
  • Ease ills of urban society
  • Promote moral reform
  • Prohibitionists
  • Reform economy
  • Industrialists vs. workers
  • Muckrakers
  • Make business more efficient and profitable
  • Assembly line

Progressive Era
  • Reform politics
  • Reformers wanted to get rid of corruption
  • Elections
  • Secret ballot
  • Allow voters to remove elected officials from
  • 17th Amendment to U.S. Constitution
  • Ban child labor

Progressive Era
  • Women
  • Limit number of hours women could work
  • Garment factories
  • Office workers
  • Education became more important for women
  • Women became reformers
  • Womens suffrage

Theodore Roosevelt 26th President of U.S.
  • 1 term 1901-1909
  • Republican Party
  • Trust buster
  • Square Deal
  • Labor unions
  • Bull Moose

Progressive Era Presidents
  • Theodore Teddy Roosevelt
  • Trustbuster
  • Square Deal
  • Broke monopolies to improve competition
  • Regulated railroads
  • Meat Inspection Act
  • The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
  • Pure Food and Drug Act
  • Conservation

William Howard Taft 27th President of U.S.
  • 1 term 1909 - 1913
  • Republican Party

Progressive Era Presidents
  • William Howard Taft
  • Hand-picked by T.R.
  • A more cautious Progressive than T.R.

Progressive Era Election of 1912
  • Woodrow Wilson William H. Taft
    Teddy Roosevelt
  • Democratic Party Republican Party
    Progressive Party

  • (Bull Moose Party)

Progressive Era
  • Election of 1912
  • Progressive Party Bull Moose Party
  • Created by a split in the Republican Party
  • Formed by Teddy Roosevelt
  • He lost the Republican nomination
  • Result
  • Republicans split their vote
  • Woodrow Wilson won
  • Democrat majority in Congress

Woodrow Wilson 28th President of U.S.
  • 2 terms 1913 - 1921
  • Democratic Party
  • World War I

Progressive Era Presidents
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Political scientist author
  • President of Princeton
  • Reformer
  • Policies known as New Freedom

Progressive Era Presidents
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Federal Reserve Act of 1913
  • Improved banking practices
  • Businesses should be able to compete fairly
  • Prevent monopolies before they occur
  • Clayton Anti-Trust Act of 1914
  • Strengthened laws against business trusts
    workers rights
  • Federal Trade Act 1914
  • Created Federal Trade Commission
  • Investigate unfair business practices

Progressive Era Presidents
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Income Tax
  • Stayed independent of boss rule

Progressive Era
  • Reforming city governments ? boss rule
  • Powerful politicians known as bosses came to
    rule many cities during the Gilded Age
  • Bosses
  • Corrupt
  • Influenced elections and office holders
  • Popular with poor, especially immigrants
  • Provided jobs, made loans, gave food
  • In return, poor voted for boss or his candidate
  • Tweed Ring
  • NYC Boss William Tweed

Progressive Era
  • Tweed Ring
  • NYC Boss William Tweed
  • Thomas Nast
  • Cartoonist
  • Tweed-le-dee and Tilden-dum A Harpers Weekly
    cartoon depicts Tweed as a police officer saying
    to two boys, "If all the people want is to have
    somebody arrested, I'll have you plunderers
    convicted. You will be allowed to escape, nobody
    will be hurt, and then Tilden will go to the
    White House and I to Albany as Governor."

Progressive Era Presidents
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • Did not support
  • Womens suffrage
  • Prohibition of child labor
  • Minority rights
  • He did nothing for civil rights

Summary Progressive Reforms
  • Reforms the Progressive movement brought about in
    government, business, and society
  • Reduced corruption in city government
  • Called publics attention to social problems
  • Gave more power to voters
  • Wanted big business to operate in public interest

Progressive Reforms
  • More power to voters
  • Initiative
  • Voters can put a bill before a state legislature
  • Referendum
  • People of a state can vote directly on a bill
  • Primary
  • Election in which voters choose their partys
  • Recall
  • Voters can remove elected officials from office