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Internet2 International Partnerships Program A very quick view of Research and Education Networks around the World

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Who is this person with the funny accent? An overview: Internet2 International Partnerships ... Science, research, teaching and learning area all increasingly global ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Internet2 International Partnerships Program A very quick view of Research and Education Networks around the World


1
Internet2 International Partnerships ProgramA
very quick view of Research and Education
Networks around the World
  • K-20 Advisory Meeting
  • 2 May 2005
  • Arlington, Virginia
  • Ana Preston ltapreston_at_internet2.edugt

2
Outline
  • Who is this person with the funny accent?
  • An overview Internet2 International
    Partnerships
  • Quick view of networking developments around the
    world
  • Africa
  • Europe and the Middle East
  • Asia and Oceania
  • Latin America
  • Opportunities

3
International Partnerships
  • Partnerships are key to Internet2
  • International partners are of strategic
    importance to Internet2
  • Global collaborations
  • Science, research, teaching and learning area all
    increasingly global
  • Support global collaborations with an equivalent
    GLOBAL leading edge networking capability
    through partners around the world
  • Interoperability, joint development of new
    technologies
  • International Partner Program
  • Build effective partnerships in other countries
  • With organizations of similar goals/objectives
    and similar constituencies
  • In support of the Internet2 membership

4
Supporting science user communities and beyond
  • Research increasingly dependent on access
    globally to resources, collaborators, data,
    scientific instruments.
  • Access to scientific instruments with specific
    geo-location needs (e.g., optical and radio
    telescopes)
  • Unique instruments impractical or unfeasible for
    each country to afford for its own (e.g., Large
    Hadron Collider at CERN in Geneva, electron
    microscope in Japan)
  • Access to/collecting geo-specific data and
    getting it back for analysis, visualization,
    sharing, prevention
  • Environmental, Atmospheric/Oceanographic Studies
  • Access to the US (resources) and to non-US
    resources
  • Teaching and learning new opportunities, new
    knowledge, international learning communities
  • .and many more

4
5
International Partner Program
  • Mechanism Memoranda of Understanding
  • Provide/promote interconnectivity between
    communities
  • Collaborate on technology development and
    deployment
  • Facilitate collaboration between members on
    applications
  • Engagement to
  • Establish leading, high-performance network
    infrastructures in support of science, teaching
    and learning
  • Ensure global coordination and end-to-end
    performance in support of our communities
  • Promote role of National Research and Education
    networks (NRENs)
  • 50 organizations (International partners)
    representing over 75 countries
  • http/international.internet2.edu

6
Current International Partners
Europe
Africa
ARNES (Slovenia) BELNET (Belgium) CARNET
(Croatia) CESnet (Czech Republic) DANTE
(Europe) DFN-Verein (Germany) GIP RENATER
(France) GRNET (Greece) HEAnet (Ireland) HUNGARNET
(Hungary) INFN-GARR (Italy) NORDUnet (Nordic
Countries) POL-34 (Poland) FCCN
(Portugal) RedIRIS (Spain) RESTENA
(Luxembourg) RIPN (Russia) SANET
(Slovakia) Stichting SURF (Netherlands) SWITCH
(Switzerland) TERENA (Europe) JISC, UKERNA
(United Kingdom)
MCIT EUN/ENSTIN (Egypt)
Related partnerships
APRU (Asia/Pacific) IEEAF World Bank
Middle East
Israel-IUCC (Israel) Qatar Foundation (Qatar)
7
US International Connectivity
  • Links between the US and other countries funded
    through various sources
  • Outside the US many of our partners procure and
    operate links from their country to the US
  • US-funded
  • US NSF provides funding through IRNC (was HPIIS)
    program for some links
  • DOE provides some funding for CERN-procured and
    operated links to US
  • Internet2 funds used for some connectivity
  • Donations IEEAF has made donations from Tyco
    Telecom available to the RE networking community
  • What type of connections?
  • 45 Mbps -? multiple 10Gbps
  • Also at Layer 1 and 2 (dedicated lightpaths )
    GLIF model (www.glif.is)
  • International exchange points
  • Around US borders (including north and south
    borders of US)
  • Facilitate connectivity with Internet2
    infrastructure and other US national networks
  • More than 60 countries reachable via the
    Internet2 Abilene backbone network

8
Networks reachable via Abilene - by country
Last updated April 2005
Europe-Middle East
Asia-Pacific
Americas
Austria (ACOnet) Belgium (BELNET) Croatia
(CARNet) Czech Rep. (CESNET) Cyprus
(CYNET) Denmark (Forskningsnettet) Estonia
(EENet) Finland (Funet) France (Renater) Germany
(G-WIN) Greece (GRNET) Hungary
(HUNGARNET) Iceland (RHnet) Ireland
(HEAnet) Israel (IUCC) Italy (GARR) Latvia
(LATNET) Lithuania (LITNET) Luxembourg (RESTENA)
Argentina (RETINA) Brazil (RNP2/ANSP) Canada
(CAnet) Chile (REUNA) Mexico (Red-CUDI) United
States (Abilene)Peru (RAAP) Venezuela
(REACCIUN-2)
Malta (Univ. Malta) Netherlands (SURFnet) Norway
(UNINETT) Poland (POL34) Portugal (RCTS2) Qatar
(Qatar FN) Romania (RoEduNet)Russia
(RBnet) Slovakia (SANET) Slovenia (ARNES) Spain
(RedIRIS) Sweden (SUNET) Switzerland
(SWITCH) United Kingdom (JANET) Turkey
(ULAKBYM) CERN
Australia (AARNET) China (CERNET, CSTNET,
NSFCNET) Hong Kong (HARNET) Japan (SINET, WIDE,
JGN2) Korea (KOREN, KREONET2) Singapore
(SingAREN) Philippines (PREGINET) Taiwan (TANet2,
ASNet) Thailand (UNINET, ThaiSARN)
Central Asia
Africa
Algeria (CERIST) Egypt (EUN/ENSTIN) Morocco
(CNRST) Tunisia (RFR) South Africa (TENET)
Armenia (ARENA) Georgia (GRENA) Kazakhstan
(KAZRENA) Tajikistan (TARENA) Uzbekistan (UZSCI)
More information at http//abilene.internet2.edu/
peernetworks/international.html
9
Abilene International Peering
Last updated 27 April 2005
10
NRENs in general
  • The idea of national research (and education)
    networks continues to be popular
  • New NRENs in Latin America, Eastern Europe,
    Mediterranean, Middle East Pakistan, New
    Zealand, Jordan
  • Typically one per country
  • Connect universities
  • Sometime also connect government research labs
  • Other education institutions
  • Not-for-profit or government/ministry-based
  • Continuum from commercial Internet access, to
    reliable-leading-edge (production) to
    experimental to network research facilitating
    networks

11
A picture of where NRENs exist
Current MoU Partners
Developing Partnerships
Related Efforts in Formation
12
Global research and education network
infrastructure
  • Interconnecting NRENs
  • Regional (continental-scale) backbone growth
  • Increasingly regionalized networking
  • European GEANT, Asian cluster efforts, Latin
    American redCLARA
  • Continental backbones providing transit to other
    regions
  • Aggregate inter-continental bandwidth now
    sometimes greater than continental bandwidth
  • Trend away (albeit slowly) from US as center of
    the world
  • Many initiatives outside the US are engaging and
    establishing leadership roles in connecting to
    the world
  • European South American connectivity
  • European Asian connectivity

12
12/08/03
13
(No Transcript)
14
Europe
  • High-performance RE networks pan-European
    network is GEANT
  • GEANT2 backbone in midst of finalizing
    procurement
  • Several national networks building out
    owned/leased fiber (NL, CH, PL, CZ, SK)
  • Wavelength-based international facilities and
    connections NetherLight, Czech Rep.,
    NordicLight, UKLight
  • European-funded connectivity to other regions
    than Europe
  • SEEREN (southeastern Europe)
  • ALICE (Latin America)
  • TEIN2 (Southeast Asia)
  • EUMEDCONNECT (Mediterranean)
  • Algeria, Cyprus, Israel, Malta, Morocco, Tunisia,
    Turkey now connected
  • Trans-Atlantic connectivity between US and Europe
  • Multiple links

15
Middle East
  • Qatar Foundation connectivity for Doha
    Education City universities and U. Qatar to US
    (NYC, LA)
  • Interest in U.A.E., Oman occasionally
  • Afghanistan
  • Pan Arab Research and Education Network
    Feasibility Study
  • Canadian initiative

16
Americas
  • Latin America
  • redCLARA regional backbone network up and running
  • emerging NRENs in Caribbean
  • North America
  • Canadas leading role
  • NSF-funded WHREN/LILA project
  • Connectivity between North and South America

17
Asia-Oceania
  • APAN Asia-Pacific Advanced Network
  • Country-owned point2point links contributed to
    APAN
  • Most connect to APAN/Tokyo XP
  • Cluster efforts (Northeast, Southeast, Oceania)
    to create regional backbones
  • Intra-Asian connectivity continues to grow
  • see http//apan.net/documents/linkinfo.xls
  • Australia
  • Connectivity to New Zealand, Fiji, Hawaiian
    Islands, Japan
  • Central Asia Virtual Silk project
  • Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan,
    Uzbekistan now connected (via DFN (Germany)
  • Limited satellite connectivity

18
Africa
  • North Africa EUMEDCONNECT
  • Egypt (Ministry of Information and
    Communications Technology) connecting to US
    (already transiting via GEANT)
  • South Africa TENET tunnel to GEANT/London
  • NSF-funded study grant (G. Sadowsky, J. Mack, D.
    Riley)
  • This Meeting

19
Challenges for NRENs
  • Many NRENS around the world are still dealing
    with traditional telecom models and costs
  • Lack of competition and price-competitive
    capacity (intra-country) and between countries
  • Many still largely based on commercial Internet
    services at low speeds
  • Regulatory frameworks
  • Limited global connectivity
  • Beyond networks, applications, content,
    sustainability and the human factor
  • Country developments are varied disparities in
    capabilities and resources
  • Lack of awareness among policy makers and user
    communities for long-term strategic support to
    sustain networking for national ST and economic
    development
  • Lack of funding for RE and for NRENs

20
Some lessons?
  • Example in Latin America, projects like AMPATH
    and the CLARA initiative have played a role in
    the way in which LAC countries communicate among
    themselves, and with countries outside the region
  • NRENs regionalized networking can aggregate
    traffic within the region enabling more effective
    routing to other parts of the world
  • NRENs can play a role in supporting national
    science and linking to international community
  • Generally, there is improved connectivity that
    will also support improved and new collaborations
    with partners in other regions.
  • NRENs role can be
  • Strategic role policy/regulatory, capacity
    building, and bridging
  • Can help towards establishing concrete regional
    and core frameworks around which to organize
    national and international support
  • BUT

21
Some lessons cont.
  • Uses over infrastructure applications
  • Support and long-term sustainability
  • A final word on role of Internet2 international
    staff
  • To help bridge relationships
  • To help track international connectivity into the
    United States and the Internet2 infrastructure
  • To the extent possible, to support Internet2
    members interested in international
    collaborations.
  • Staff
  • Ana Preston, Program Manager, International
    apreston_at_internet2.edu
  • Heather Boyles, Director, Member and Partner
    Relations heather_at_internet2.edu
  • Karen Doemer, Program Assistant
    kdoemer_at_internet2.edu

22
Thank you!
  • Please let us know how we can be of help
  • Role and strategic importance of international
    program

23
(No Transcript)
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