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Ergonomics

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Ergonomists study human capabilities in relationship to work demands ... Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Stenosing tenosynovitis crepitans (trigger finger) tendonitis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Ergonomics


1
Ergonomics
  • Amy Wintrow
  • Ryan Brown

2
Table of Contents
  • What is it?
  • WRMDs
  • Goals
  • 3 principles
  • US Department of Labor (OSHA)
  • Office Equipment Website
  • Ergo Website
  • Ergonomics and Muscuskelelital Site
  • Ergo World Site
  • 10 Websites used

3
What is It?
  • The term ergonomics is derived from two Greek
    words ergon, meaning work and nomoi, meaning
    natural laws
  • Ergonomists study human capabilities in
    relationship to work demands
  • To reduce the growing number of Musculoskeletal
    Disorders in the workplace, Government agencies
    (OSHA) urge employers to develop and implement
    effective ergonomic systems as part of their
    overall safety and health efforts in the
    workplace
  • Ergonomists have attempted to define postures
    which minimize unnecessary static work and reduce
    the forces acting on the body through 3
    Principles.

4
Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders
  • Chronic Back Pain
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Stenosing tenosynovitis crepitans (trigger
    finger)
  • tendonitis

5
Goals
  • Reduce Injuries and illnesses
  • Increase Productivity
  • Increase quality of work
  • Decrease fatigue
  • Increase satisfaction and morale
  • Decrease absenteeism

6
3 Principles
  • All work activities should permit the worker to
    adopt several different, but equally healthy and
    safe postures
  • Where muscular force has to be exerted it should
    be done by the largest appropriate muscle groups
    available.
  • Work activities should be performed with the
    joints at about mid-point of their range of
    movement. This applies particularly to the head,
    trunk, and upper limbs.

7
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8
U.S. Department of Labor OSHA
  • http//www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/ergonomics/index.html
  • industry-specific and task-specific guidelines
  • Lists Guidelines for certain jobs (Poultry
    Processing, Retail Grocery Stores, Nursing Homes
    etc)
  • Each OSHA inspector has a General Duty Clause to
    follow with 4 points
  • Gives information on past inspections (Nursing
    Home)

9
Pros and Cons to Office Equipment Site
  • http//www.office-ergo.com/pros.htm
  • Each piece of equipment is broken down into
    purpose, misuse, user instructions, and choices
  • Good Ergo Web links splits information into 3
    parts, CuErgo News, CuErgo Information, Research
    and Tools
  • Links for training and research materials at
    Ergoweb.com
  • Gives good information on locating problems in a
    workplace such as CTDs
  • Gives Pros and Cons to products instead of just
    showing a picture and cost

10
ErgoWeb Site
  • http//ergoweb.com/news/detail.cfm?id470
  • Weekly Newsletter related to Ergonomics
  • Broken down into consulting, educational,
    laboratory, manufacturing and analysis devices
  • Examples of each product are given with pictures
    and descriptions and news

11
Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders Site
  • http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ergonomics/
  • Has an announcement section for conferences and
    meetings dealing with Ergonomics
  • Gives simple solutions for preventing aching
    backs (farm document)
  • Gives many examples of different jobs and how
    their affected by these disorders (Soda
    deliverers, Meatpacking workers)
  • Covers more information than just ergonomics

12
ErgoWorld Site
  • http//www.interface-analysis.com/ergoworld/
  • Breaks search into 6 groups for easy searching.
    Office Ergo, Industrial Ergo Injury Prevention,
    HCI Usability, Air and Ground, Product Design
  • Each of the 6 gives many websites dealing with
    situations that occur in that environment (Office
    Ergo has sites dealing with computer strain and
    Typing Injuries)
  • This site is a middle man approach to finding
    information
  • http//www.e-officesafety.com/ demo of how to sit
    at the office desk

13
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14
Websites Used
  • http//ergonomics.org/
  • http//www.ergoweb.com/news/detail.cfm?id470
  • http//www.office-ergo.com/pros.htm
  • http//www.jicosh.gr.jp/english/aboutjicosh/traini
    ng/program/ergonomics/koide/1.html
  • http//www.humantech.com
  • http//www.tifaq.org/
  • http//www.interface-analysis.com/ergoworld/
  • http//www.keyovation.com/
  • http//www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/ergonomics/
  • http//www.osha-slc.gov/SLTC/ergonomics/index.html

15
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