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The Turbulent Years, 1960 1968

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U-2 spotted Soviets' nuclear missile silos in Cuba. JFK ... Robert Kennedy killed by Sirhan Sirhan in LA in June 1968. Democratic convention brings discord ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Turbulent Years, 1960 1968


1
CHAPTER 29
  • The Turbulent Years, 1960 - 1968

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2
Early Tests
  • JFKs Presidency
  • Social Security increased
  • Peace Corps
  • Space research
  • John Glenn
  • Cubas Bay of Pigs failure
  • Fidel Castro
  • Soviet Union erects Berlin Wall
  • Freedom Riders desegregate transportation
  • Congress of Racial Equality
  • JFK sees economy as first priority

3
Social and Political Challenges
  • James Meredith enters University of Mississippi
  • JFK sent in 23,000 National Guards
  • October 1962, Cuban Missile Crisis
  • U-2 spotted Soviets nuclear missile silos in
    Cuba
  • JFK blockaded Cuba
  • Last minute negotiation avoided nuclear war
  • JFK increases U.S. presence in Vietnam
  • Ngo Dingh Diems government overthrown in
    military coupe in 1963
  • U.S. has 16,000 advisors in South Vietnam

4
The Rights Revolution Early Steps
  • Cesar Chavez and the United Farm Workers
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. (MLK)
  • Southern Christian Leadership conference
  • Birmingham boycotters gain sympathy of white
    Americans
  • March of Washington provides forum for MLKs I
    Have a Dream speech
  • Feminist movement
  • Feminine Mystique by Betty Friedan

5
Tragedy and Transition
  • Kennedy assassination, November 1963
  • Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Jack Ruby
  • Assassination controversy still exists
  • Lyndon Johnson (LBJ) replaces fallen president
  • LBJ and Congress passes Civil Rights Act over
    filibuster
  • Created Equal employment Opportunity Commission
  • LBJ wins landslide victory in 1964
  • Firebombing and riots indicate problems ahead
  • Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

6
The Election of 1964
7
The Great Society
  • Johnson declares war on poverty
  • VISTA
  • Head Start
  • Food stamps
  • Medicare and Medicaid are created
  • American Medical Association complained of
    socialized medicine
  • Immigration laws are relaxed
  • Immigration Act of 1965

8
The Expanding War
  • LBJ sends escalated forces in Vietnam
  • 20,000 to 500,000 in three years
  • Selective service
  • Operation Rolling Thunder
  • Relentless war with elusive enemy
  • University campuses erupt in anti-war protests
  • Students for a Democratic society
  • New Left

9
Vietnam War
10
Rights Revolution Center Stage
  • Major legislation improves civil rights
  • Voting Rights Act (1965)
  • Watts riots shock nation in 1968
  • 14,000 National Guards, 34 people killed, 1,000
    injured
  • Black Muslims and Black Panthers
  • Stokely Carmichael
  • Malcolm X
  • Feminists push for Equal Rights Amendment
  • National Organization of Women (NOW)
  • Hippies and the counterculture

11
The Struggle for the Equal Rights Amendment
12
A Divided Nation
  • Tet Offensive convinces many Americans Vietnam is
    lost cause
  • General William Westmoreland
  • LBJ chooses not to seek another term
  • Assassinations
  • MLK killed by James Earl Ray in Memphis in April
    1968
  • Robert Kennedy killed by Sirhan Sirhan in LA in
    June 1968
  • Democratic convention brings discord
  • Hubert Humphrey wins nomination
  • Republicans nominate Richard Nixon
  • Nixon wins narrow victory

13
Vietnam War
14
Election of 1968
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15
Discussion Questions
  • In assessing the presidency of JFK, what were his
    greatest achievements? Greatest failures? Why is
    he still so popular?
  • What part did JFK play in increasing U.S.
    presence in Vietnam? What part did LBJ play?
  • Discuss the presidency of LBJ and evaluate
    whether the Great Society was a success?
  • After the Tet offensive, how did the American
    people feel about the Vietnam War? Were the
    problems of 1968, and after, indicators of this?
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