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First Missionary Journey

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Title: First Missionary Journey


1
First Missionary Journey
V
Prof. M. M. Ninan
2
Pauls Life
  • 5 AD Born in Tarsus
  • 35 Converted on the road to Damascus
  • 35-38 Ministers in Arabia and Damascus
    (Galatians 117)
  • 38 Visits Jerusalem (Galatians
    118)
  • 38-43 Ministers in Syria and Tarsus
    (Galatians 121)
  • 43-46 Serves in Antioch with Barnabas
  • 47-49 First Missionary Journey (Acts
    13-14)

3
The first missionary journey
The builder and the Architect of the
ChurchLiturgy of St.Jacob
4
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5
Acts 112-83
Acts 84-1118
Acts 1119-28
6
The Earliest Missionary Journeys Philip the
Evangelist
7
The Earliest Missionary Journeys the Apostle
PeterActs 931-1048
The whole Church throughout Judea 1, Galilee
2 and Samaria 3 now enjoyed a period of
peace. Peter, in the course of travelling (from
Jerusalem 4) about among them all, came to
God's people living at Lydda 5. Then there was
woman in Joppa 6 There was a man in Caesarea
7 by the name of Cornelius
8
Paul's first journey as a Christian missionary
began when members of the congregation at Antioch
selected Paul and Barnabas to take the gospel to
new places. Setting out from Antioch, they sailed
to Cyprus, then ventured to regions that lie in
what today is Turkey.
9
  • The Church in Syrian Antioch Grows and Gains
    Gentile Converts
  • Acts 1119-30
  •                                                 
                                  

Now those who had been dispersed by the
persecution which arose over Stephen travelled as
far as Phoenicia, Cyprus and (Syrian) Antioch,
giving the message as they went to Jews only.
However, among their number were natives of
Cyprus 1 and Cyrene 2, and these men, on
their arrival at (Syrian) Antioch 3, proclaimed
their message to the (Gentile) Greeks as well,
telling them the good news of the Lord Jesus.
10
Syrian Antioch - present day Antakya in southern
Turkey. This Antioch was known as "Queen of the
East", capital of the province of Syria, and
the third largest city in the Roman Empire after
Rome and Alexandria. With a population of over
half a million people, it was located on the
River Orontes, and a junction of trade routes
between East and West. It should not to be
confused with Pisidian Antioch, a Phrygian town
in the Roman province of Galatia.
11
Two Antiochs
12

13
City walls of Antioch
14
Antiochian market place
15
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16
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17
Act 131 Now there were at Antioch, in the
church that was there, prophets and teachers,
Barnabas, Symeon that was called Niger,
Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen the foster-brother
of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul
18
Simeon that was called Niger ..... "of
Cyrene" both Simeon and Lucius, this man is the
same as the Simon who bore the cross of Jesus
and was the father of Alexander and Rufus (Mark
1521). "Niger" means "black"
19
Cyrene Greek city in Libya, modern
Shahhat. Cyrene was founded in c.630 BCE as a
colony of the Greek island town Thera, which had
become too crowded. The first colonists settled
at an island called Platea in front of the Libyan
coast (modern Bomba). Later, they occupied a
coastal strip called Aziris, and finally, after
concluding a treaty with the native Libyans, they
founded the town Cyrene. The leader of the
settlers was Aristoteles, but he was called
Battus.
20
Lucius of Cyrene ...Paul's kinsman (Rom. 1621).
His name is Latin, but his birthplace indicate
that he was one of the Jews of Cyrene, in North
Africa.
21
Manaen, Foster-brother of Herod ...The Greek
word thus rendered is not found elsewhere in the
New Testament and the meaning is somewhat
ambiguous, scholars listing no less than three
possible meanings (1) Manaen's mother had been
Herod's wet-nurse (2) Manaen had been brought
up as Herod's foster-brother (3) Manaen had
been a playmate of Herod. In any event, a very
close connection with the tetrarch Herod is
indicated.
22
Act 133 Then, when they had fasted and
prayed
23
LAYING ON OF HANDS "And when they had fasted and
prayed and laid their hands on them,they sent
them away." Acts 133
24
I.     The laying on of hands is one of the most
basic and fundamental doctrines of the Christian
faith. Hebrews 61, 2
25
Hebrew Creative process from the hands of YHVH
26
II.     There is a definite impartation to be
received through the laying on of hands. "And
the Lord unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of
Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine
hand upon him and set him before Eleazar the
priest, and before all the congregation and give
him a charge in their sight. Numbers 2718-23
Ordination of New Bishop in the Anglican Church
27
II.     There is a definite impartation to be
received through the laying on of hands. Genesis
4814, 17-19 "And Joshua the son of Nun was
full of the spirit of wisdom for Moses had laid
his hands upon him ..."
28
Mandaean Laying On of hands
29
Acts 818 "And when Simon saw that through
laying on of the apostles hands the Holy Ghost
was given
30
A.     Physical healing. Matthew 82-4, 14, 15
2034Mark 141 65 53 732, 33 823, 25
1618Luke 440 1313 2250, 51Acts 910-12,
17 288James 514
31
Antioch the setting apart for missionary work
(131-3).
32
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33
B.    Spiritual deliverance. Luke 440, 41Luke
1311-13
34
A.     Physical healing. Matthew 82-4, 14, 15
2034Mark 141 65 53 732, 33 823, 25
1618Luke 440 1313 2250, 51Acts 910-12,
17 288James 514 B.    Spiritual
deliverance. Luke 440, 41Luke 1311-13 C.   
The baptism in the Holy Spirit. Acts 817-19
912, 17 196 D.    The impartation of the gifts
of the Spirit. 1 Timothy 4142 Timothy 16
35
E.     Separation for service (ministry). Numbers
810, 11 2718, 20, 23Acts 65, 6 Acts
133 F.     Raising of the dead. Matthew 918,
25 G.     Impartation of spiritual authority for
leadership. Numbers 2716-23 (The word here
translated "honour" be rendered
"authority.") I.     Various miracles Acts 512
143 J.     Impartation of strength. Daniel
1016-19
36
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37
  • This probably was the ordination of
  • Saul and Barnabas
  • They are both called Apostles.

38
Acts 131-3
39
Act 134 So they, being sent forth by the Holy
Spirit, went down to Seleucia.
Seleucia sailing to Cyprus (Act 134).
40
Act 134 So they, being sent forth by the Holy
Spirit, went down to Seleucia and from thence
they sailed to Cyprus
41
Harbor of Salamiswhere Paul landed.
42
Mark joins
Salamis John Mark joins the company, synagogue
sermon (Act 135).
43
  • MARK THE EVANGELIST
  • joined
  • Paul and Barnabas
  • in
  • Salamis

44
John Mark
He was born in the Pentapolis or Qairawan
(Now Tunisia or Libya according to other sources)
approximately 15 years after our Lord was born.
He witnessed the preaching of our Lord in
Palestine as well as his passion.
45
His mother, named Mary, (Acts 1212) had a house
in Jerusalem, which the Christians used as a
meeting place.
46

Tradition identifies Mark with the young man who
fled from them naked at Gethsemane.
47
The Alexandrian church claims Mark as its
founderthe liturgy of that church is called the
Liturgy of St. Mark. His symbol as an
evangelist is a lion.
48
He is the author of the earliest Gospel to be
written (it was written in Greek). His symbol is
Lion. He was the founder of Christianity in
Egypt or in Alexandria at least. He came to
Alexandria approximately 48 AD.
49
He was martyred in 68 AD when pagans of Serapis
(the Serapion-Abbis Greek Egyptian god ) tied him
to a horse's tail and dragged him through the
streets of Alexandria's district of Bokalia for
two days until his body was torn to pieces.
His head is in a church named after him in
Alexandria, and parts of his relics is in St.
Mark's Cairo's Cathedral. The rest of his relics
are in the San Marco Cathedral in Venice, Italy.
50
Mark was a kinsman of Barnabas (Col 410). The
house of his mother Mary was a meeting place for
Christians in Jerusalem (Acts 1212) When Paul
and Barnabas, who had been in Antioch, came to
Jerusalem, they brought Mark back to Antioch with
them (1225), he accompanied them on their first
missionary journey (135), but left them
prematurely and returned to Jerusalem (1313).
51
When Paul and Barnabas were about to set out on a
second missionary journey, Barnabas proposed to
take Mark, but Paul thought him unreliable, so
that eventually Barnabas took Mark, and Paul tool
Silas and went separately. (1536-40).
However, it appears that he became more
reliable, for Paul mentions him as a trusted
assistant in Colossians 410 and again in 2
Timothy 411.
52

  • Mark, the secretary of Peter
  • Peter refers to him as "my son Mark" (1 Peter
    513).
  • Papias, an early second century writer, tells
    us that Mark was the "interpreter" of Peter, and
    that he wrote down ("but not in order") the
    stories that he had heard Peter tell in his
    preaching about the life and teachings of Jesus.
  • He evangelized Libya, Ammonicia Pentapolis,
    then settled in Alexandria,


53
Cyprus Salamis Acts 134-5 
54
Paphos on the island of Cyprus -- the blinding
of Elymas the magician (136-11), -- commander
Sergius Paulus is converted (136-13).
55
  • Act 136 And when they had gone through the
    whole island unto Paphos, they found a certain
    sorcerer, a false prophet, a Jew, whose name was
    Bar-jesus
  • Act 137 who was with the proconsul, Sergius
    Paulus, a man of understanding. The same called
    unto him Barnabas and Saul, and sought to hear
    the word of God.
  • Act 138 But Elymas the sorcerer (for so is his
    name by interpretation) withstood them, seeking
    to turn aside the proconsul from the faith.
  • Act 139 But Saul, who is also called Paul,
    filled with the Holy Spirit, fastened his eyes on
    him,
  • Act 1310 and said, O full of all guile and all
    villany, thou son of the devil, thou enemy of all
    righteousness, wilt thou not cease to pervert the
    right ways of the Lord?
  • Act 1311 And now, behold, the hand of the Lord
    is upon thee, and thou shalt be blind, not seeing
    the sun for a season. And immediately there fell
    on him a mist and a darkness and he went about
    seeking some to lead him by the hand.
  • Act 1312 Then the proconsul, when he saw what
    was done, believed, being astonished at the
    teaching of the Lord.

56
Bar Jesusthe Elymas the socererHe must have
been a Jewish Essene Kabbalists with emphasis
on Ritual Power

Jewish mysticism has historically been tinged by
large doses of magic, superstition, and
demonology.
57
From Jewish Magic to Gnosticism
58
the blinding of Elymas the magician
(136-11)Giorgio Giulio Clovio. Elymas the
Prophet, Struck with Blindness by St. Paul. 15th
century
59
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60
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61
Cyprus and the Christian connection Sergius
Paulus In 45 A.D. Paul the Apostle, travelling
with St. Barnabas to Cyprus, succeeded in
converting the Roman proconsul in Pafos to the
Christian faith - making Cyprus the first country
ever to be governed by a Christian leader.
62
Sergius Paulus, Paul's first convert on Cyprus
had land holdings in the area (Acts 137). In
1877 this inscription was uncovered a short
distance north of Paphos bearing Sergius Pauluss
name and title of proconsul.
63
Acts 139Luke tells us here for the first time
that Saul is also called Paul. This name is
used from now on.
64
Cyprus and the Christian connection Lazarus Later,
according to the biblical account, St. Lazarus
was resurrected from the dead by Christ and
sailed from Bethany to Cyprus where he lived for
another 30 years (apparently not cracking a smile
once in three decades!). His sarcophagus is in
the crypt of St. Lazarus Church in Larnaka.
65
Thirty-year-old Lazarus, who persecuted by the
Jews, boarded a ship and left his homeland. After
a two-day trip, the ship reached Cyprus. It was
at that place in 45 AD, that Apostles Paul and
Barnabas met with Lazarus and ordained him First
Bishop of the ancient city of Kitio that is
Larnaca today.
66
Lazarus lived for another thirty years since his
resurrection by Jesus. All these years he had
been gloomy and sullen. For in the underworld,
where he had remained for four days, he had seen
admirable things that were unspoken of.
67
The only time he had faintly smiled and that was
with bitterness was at the citys flea market,
where he once saw someone steal a clay pot. Look
over there, he said to his friends who were with
him, one clay is stealing another!
68
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69
When the saint died, the people of Kitio, who
loved him very much, for he had helped them
through hard times, buried him in a carved coffin
bearing the inscription Lazarus the man of four
days and friend of Jesus. The stone coffin was
placed in a chapel.
70
Lazarus-church in Larnaka
71
Larnaka
72
After many years, in 890 AD, the sacred bones of
the saint were transferred to Constantinople at
the command of Leo VI the Wise. In return, the
Emperor sent money and skilful builders to Cyprus
to build a magnificent church in Larnaca that
bears the saints name.
73
Paphos
74
Ancient walls of Pafos
75
Holy See of Paphos
76
The Apostles Paul and Barnabas founded the
Church of Paphos in 46 A.D. It was the first
Christian church that was founded by the
Apostles. Later Saint Heraclidius and Bishop
Epafras organized it, with the help of the
Apostle Barnabas.
77
Paphos, at that time, was the capital of Cyprus,
It participated in the First Ecumenical
Council, held in Nice in 325 A.D., with Bishop
Cyril or Cyriacos. Bishop of Paphos Ioulios
participated in the Second Ecumenical Council
that took place in Constantinople in
381AD. Bishop of Paphos Saprikios participated
in the Third Ecumenical Council that took place
in Ephesus in 431 and confirmed the Autocephalous
of the Church of Cyprus. Since 330 A.D. Cyprus
was a district of Byzantium, and Christianity was
the official religion of the island
78
Perge John Mark returns to Jerusalem (1313).
79
Perge
80
Still standing temple corner in Perge.
81
Roman Theatre in Perge
82
There John  Mark left them and returned to
Jerusalem. Because of this, Paul considered him
unreliable and would later refuse to work with
him (Acts 1538).
83
Paul and Barnabas arrived here along with
Barnabas nephew John Mark who abandoned the team
from there. This proved to be a point of
contention that eventually divided Paul and
Barnabas.
84
Pisidian Antioch the first example of a
missionary sermon by Paul (1314-43), the birth
of the first Gentile Christian church and Paul's
expulsion (1344-52).
85
Roman road to Antioch-Pisidia
86
The rough, mountainous passage, shown right,
caused Antioch to be isolated since it was the
only way in and out of the city. (Were these
mountains daunting to John Mark, and the reason
he chose not to continue?)
Traveling northward from Perga to Pisidian
Antioch, Saul and Barnabas followed the Roman
road known as the Via Sebaste. With the mountains
looming in the distance, the 100-mile journey
took them about a week (traveling about 15 miles
a day) and was extremely dangerous
87
Antioch in Pisidia Acts 1313-52
88
On the west side of the city are the foundations
of the synagogue where Saul gave his first
recorded sermon. In the 4th century AD the Church
of St. Paul was built on the remains,
incorporating its southern wall. Although most of
the walls have disappeared, the superb mosaics
and inscriptions which entirely cover the floor
are worth seeing. At the center of the mosaic are
four Greek inscriptions giving the names of
people who made the mosaic floor and the names of
priests and dedicators. One of those mentioned is
Optimus, a leader and bishop in the Antioch
church between 375-381 AD. It is significant that
this is the only church in ancient Anatolia built
on the site of a synagogue.
89
Pisidian Antioch View of the remains of the
temple and altar where the emperor was worshiped
- always problematic to Christians.
90
View of the remains of the aqueduct that brought
water to the city.
91
The foundations of the triple city gate built as
a monument commemorating the victory of the Roman
emperor Septimus Severus over the Parthians
The theater was situated on an hill not far from
the city center overlooking the city. It could
accommodate 5,000 spectators and probably
consisted of 26 rows of seats. The city's main
east-west street ran through a tunnel beneath the
south side of the seating area, an unusual
feature that has not been observed elsewhere.
92
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93
Matthew 1014
Act 1350 But the Jews urged on the devout women
of honorable estate, and the chief men of the
city, and stirred up a persecution against Paul
and Barnabas, and cast them out of their borders.
Act 1351 But they shook off the dust of their
feet against them, and came unto Iconium.
94
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95
Taurus Mountains
Iconium successful preaching for a "long time"
with miracles and expulsion (141-7).
96
  • Iconium
  • Acts 141-7 
  • People attempted to stone them.

97
Lystra healing of the lame man (148-10), the
attempt to worship Barnabas and Paul as gods
(1411-18), and the stoning of Paul (1419-20).
98
Coin from Lystra
An inscription on a stone at the site of Lystra
(again, note the word "Lustra," in the fourth
line) was a key to determining the location of
the city.
99
Lystra is mentioned seven times in the NT. It was
a Gentile and largely Latin speaking colony,
using a dialect that was beyond the comprehension
of Paul and Barnabas. The Book of Acts reports
that Paul and Barnabas fled to Lyaconia, to the
cities of Derbe and Lystra, Iconium, Sadettin,
and Kervansaray.
100
Christ healed ALL who came to Him by THEIR "Faith"
Peter and John healed the cripple man in the
name of Jesus Christ.
The Apostle Paul healed all who came to him by
THEIR "Faith" Acts 149-10
101
Act 1411 And when the multitude saw what Paul
had done, they lifted up their voice, saying in
the speech of Lycaonia, The gods are come down to
us in the likeness of men. Act 1412 And they
called Barnabas, Jupiter and Paul, Mercury,
because he was the chief speaker.
102
  • Lystra
  • Acts 148-23 
  • At Lystra, Paul healed a man with crippled feet.
    People thought Paul and Barnabas were the gods
    Zeus and Hermes. They brought oxen and garlands
    to offer a sacrifice, but Paul prevented it.
    Later, people turned against Paul. They stoned
    him and dragged him out of the city.

103
Hermes was the messenger of the gods. Since Paul
did the talking, the people identified Paul with
Hermes and Barnabas with the more distant figure
of Zeus.
104
Zeus was the highest of the gods in the Greek
pantheon. Zeus is the God of the skies the
thunder God.
105
(No Transcript)
106
Act 1419 But there came Jews thither from
Antioch and Iconium and having persuaded the
multitudes, they stoned Paul, and dragged him out
of the city, supposing that he was dead. Act
1420 But as the disciples stood round about
him, he rose up, and entered into the city and
on the morrow he went forth with Barnabas to
Derbe.
107
The Stoning of St Paul and St Barnabas at
Lystra Signed and dated Barent Fabritius 1672

108
Derbe fruitful preaching (1420-21).
109
  • Derbe
  • Acts 1420-21 

Act 1421 And when they had preached the gospel
to that city, and had made many disciples.
110
Afterwards the return journey by the same route,
strengthening the churches Derbe, Lystra,
Iconium, Antioch, official commissioning of the
elders of the churches (1422-23), journey
through Pisidia and Pamphylia to the ports of
Perge and Attalia (1424-26).
111
  • Attalia
  • Acts 1425-26 

Attalia was the chief port of the region of
Pamphylia.
112
Returns to Antioch.
113
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114
Sv.Pavel   Sv.Barnabá    Sv.Matej    
Sv.Jan      Sv.imon       Sv.Jakub
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