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1992 Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities, Definitions of Industries

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... 150,000 miles of railroad track in the United States, nearly all ... and Burlington Northern-Santa Fe, which own most of the track in the United States ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1992 Census of Transportation, Communications, and Utilities, Definitions of Industries


1
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2
  • 1992 Census of Transportation, Communications,
    and Utilities, Definitions of Industries
  • Bureau of the Census, Transport Publications
  • Bureau of Transportation Statistics

3
Transportation Policy
  • Railroads

4
Railroad Statistics
  • There are approximately 150,000 miles of railroad
    track in the United States, nearly all standard
    gauge

5
Federal Law
  • 45 USC Railroads
  • 49 USC Transportation
  • 49 CFR Transportation
  • LexisNexis Congressional
  • ltLegislative Histories, Bills Lawsgt
  • ltUS Codegt
  • ltrailroadsgt
  • ltreorganizationgt
  • 452 out of 529
  • Railroad Law promotes public and railroad
    employees safety by fighting to preserve grade
    crossing protection standards for railroad
    employees under the FELA
  • The Section covers all areas of railroad
    litigation including employee injuries and
    occupational illnesses, derailments, collisions,
    and crossing accidents

6
  • A complex history of federal government -
    railroad corporation relationships
  • Rise of Industrial America, 1876-1900
  • Railroad Land Grants
  • Chronology of the Northern Pacific Railroad Co.
  • Pacific Railway Acts
  • Northern Pacific Railroad Land Grant
  • History of Railroads and Maps
  • Land Grants

7
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8
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9
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10
Interstate Commerce Commission
  • Interstate Commerce Act 1887
  • Transportation Act of 1920
  • Staggers Rail Act 1980
  • One of three major Acts passed in a two year
    period, as the cumulative result of efforts to
    reform transport regulation begun in 1971, in the
    Richard Nixon Administration
  • Superseded almost a century of detailed
    regulation begun with the establishment of the
    Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887
  • Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 and the Motor
    Carrier Act of 1980
  • Interstate Commerce Commission Termination Act of
    1995

11
Railway
  • Railroad maps (Library of Congress)
  • Federal Railroad Administration
  • Overview of US Freight Railroads (National Atlas)

12
Class I Railroads (Association of American
Railroads)
  • Railroads with annual gross revenues of at least
    250 million (in 1991), according to the U.S.
    Department of Transportation
  • Largest long-distance U.S. railroad systems such
    as Union Pacific-Southern Pacific, Norfolk
    Southern, CSX, and Burlington Northern-Santa Fe,
    which own most of the track in the United States
  • Since passage of the Staggers Rail Act of 1980,
    aimed at deregulating the once highly-regulated
    industry to make it more efficient and
    cost-competitive, the number of Class I railroads
    has declined through consolidations and mergers,
    from more than 30, to eight in 1998
  • This consolidation has concerned many
    agricultural shippersparticularly those who lack
    access to nearby markets or to water
    transportationfearful of higher prices due to
    lack of competition
  • List of Class 1 Railroads (Wikipedia)

13
  • Class I railways defined as a railway company
    with an operating revenue exceeding 319.3
    million.
  • CSX Transportation
  • Norfolk Southern Railway
  • BNSF Railway
  • Union Pacific Railroad
  • Kansas City Southern Railway
  • Canadian National Railway
  • Canadian Pacific Railway

14
Former Class 1 Railroads (Minnesota)
  • Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad
  • Chicago Northwestern Railway
  • Chicago, St. Paul, Minneapolis and Omaha Railway
  • Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway
  • Duluth, South Shore and Atlantic Railway
  • Duluth, Winnipeg and Pacific Railway
  • Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway

15
  • Class II and III Railroads (Minnesota Department
    of Transportation)
  • Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway
  • Shortline Railroads (Rail USA)
  • Minnesota Prairie Line Inc (Twin Cities and
    Western Railroad)
  • Twin Cities and Western Railroad (Map)
  • Minnesota Northern Railroad

16
  • The Association of American Railroads group non
    Class-1 ailroad companies into three categories
  • Regional railroads operate at least 350 miles or
    make at least 40 million per year
  • Local railroads are non-regional railroads that
    engage in line-haul service.
  • Switching and terminal railroads that switch cars
    between other railroads or provide service from
    other lines to a common terminal

17
Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway
  • About the DMIR Railroad

18
Duluth, Missabe and Iron Range Railway
  • The largest iron ore handling railroad in North
    America
  • 212 miles of track in Northeastern Minnesota
  • Moves ore from Minnesota's taconite plants on
    Minnesota's Mesabi Iron Range to DMIR dock
    facilities at either Duluth or Two Harbors, or to
    connecting railroads at Superior, Wisconsin
  • Ore then transported either by lake vessel or
    unit train to steel mills
  • Atlas of North American Railroads

19
  • Other commodities limestone, clay, coal, and wood
    products
  • Direct connections BNSF, CN, CPRS, and UP
  • Acquired by Canadian National in May 2004,
    including the rail and marine holdings of Great
    Lakes Transportation LLC, which also includes
    Bessemer Lake Erie Railroad and the Pittsburgh
    Conneaut Dock switching company

20
Dakota, Minnesota Eastern Railroad
21
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22
  • The Duluth, Winnipeg and Pacific Railway is a
    subsidiary of Canadian National Railway
    operating in northern Minnesota

23
Freight Transportation
24
Federal Railroad Administration
  • Created by the Department of Transportation Act
    of 1966 (49 U.S.C. 103, Section 3(e)(1))
  • promulgate and enforce rail safety regulations
  • administer railroad assistance programs
  • conduct research and development in support of
    improved railroad safety and national rail
    transportation policy
  • provide for the rehabilitation of Northeast
    Corridor rail passenger service
  • consolidate government support of rail
    transportation activities. 
  • Operates through seven divisions under the
    offices of the Administrator and Deputy
    Administrator

25
  • Issue Briefs
  • Freight Railroading
  • Passenger Rail
  • Legislation
  • Regulations
  • Selected Court Decisions

26
Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger
Corporation)
  • Created on May 1, 1971, by the mergers of several
    rail passenger services
  • A quasi-governmental agency all of its preferred
    stock is owned by the federal government
  • Some common stock is held by the private
    railroads that transferred their passenger
    service to Amtrak in 1971
  • Though Amtrak stock does not pay dividends and is
    not routinely traded, a small number of private
    investors have purchased Amtrak stock from its
    original owners
  • The nationwide network of 22,000 miles of line
    serves 500 communities in 46 states of the United
    States and Canada
  • In fiscal year 2006, Amtrak served an estimated
    25 million passengers, a company record

27
Amtrak
  • Amtrak owned by the federal government
  • Members of its board of directors are appointed
    by the President of the United States and are
    subject to confirmation by the United States
    Senate.
  • Amtrak employs nearly 19,000 people
  • Operates passenger service on 21,000 miles of
    track primarily owned by other railroads
    connecting 500 destinations in 46 states
  • Some routes serve Canada
  • In fiscal year 2006, Amtrak served 24.3 million
    passengers
  • National Route Map
  • Empire Builder

28
Amtrack
29
Conrail
30
Burlington Northern Santa Fe
31
BNSF
  • Headquarters in Fort Worth is
  • One of the four remaining transcontinental
    railroads networks in
  • Union Pacific Railroad
  • BNSF Railway moves more intermodal traffic than
    any other rail system in the world.
  • Formed December 31, 1996 when the Atchison,
    Topeka and Santa Fe Railway was merged into the
    Burlington Northern Railroad Burlington
    Northern
  • In 1999 the BNSF Railway and the Canadian
    National Railway announced their intention to
    merge and form a new corporation, the North
    American Railways to be headquartered in
    Montreal, Canada
  • The United States' Surface Transportation Board
    (STB) placed a 15 month moratorium on all rail
    mergers
  • On January 24, 2005, the railroad's name was
    officially changed to BNSF Railway.

32
  • The railway is a wholly owned subsidiary of the
    Burlington Northern Santa Fe Corporation, the
    holding company formed by the September 22, 1995
    merger of Burlington Northern, Incorporated and
    the Santa Fe Pacific Corporation
  • According to corporate press releases, the BNSF
    Railway moves more grain than any other American
    railroad. It also hauls enough coal to generate
    roughly 10 of the electricity produced in the
    United States
  • The company's northern route completes the high
    speed link from Asia to the eastern United
    States. This was the route of the Great Northern
    Railway's Silk Extras in the 1920s. They had
    priority over all other trains stopping only for
    refueling and crew changes. These trains
    transported silk to the east from ships arriving
    from Japan to Seattle ports.

33
BNSF Freight Yards North Minneapolis
34
Surface Transportation Board
  • Created in the Interstate Commerce Commission
    Termination Act of 1995 and is the successor
    agency to the Interstate Commerce Commission
  • An independent agency although administratively
    affiliated with the Department of Transportation
  • Serves as an adjudicatory and a regulatory body
  • Has jurisdiction over
  • railroad rate and service issues and rail
    restructuring transactions (mergers, line sales,
    line construction, and line abandonments)
  • certain trucking company, moving van, and
    non-contiguous ocean shipping company rate
    matters
  • certain intercity passenger bus company
    structure, financial, and operational matters
  • rates and services of certain pipelines not
    regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory
    Commission

35
Suburban or Commuter Railroads
36
Minnesota Railroads
  • Rail in Minnesota (MNDoT)
  • Minnesota Regional Railroads Association

37
Regional Railroad Authorities
  • Dakota County Regional Railroad Authority
  • Ramsey County Regional Rail
  • Washington County Regional Railroad Authority
  • Hennepin County Regional Railroad Authority

38
Union Pacific
39
Abandoned Railways - Rails to Trails
  • Court Case (2004)
  • Rails to Trails Conservancy
  • Parks Trails Council of Minnesota
  • RailsandTrails.com
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