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Update for VTrans2025 Technical Committee

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Title: Update for VTrans2025 Technical Committee


1
Update for VTrans2025 Technical Committee
  • February 24, 2006
  • Dr. James H. Lambert
  • Alexander S. Linthicum

2
Contents
  • Introduction
  • Performance Metrics
  • Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Request for Information
  • Appendix A Performance Metrics
  • Appendix B Suggestions of Metrics for Quality
    of Life and Environmental Stewardship
  • Appendix C Amsterdam-Utrecht Corridor

3
Introduction
  • Last non-VTrans Technical Committee Meeting
  • November 28, 2005 at DRPT
  • Discussed metrics for rail and transit
  • Charged by Kim to focus on Quality of Life and
    Environmental Stewardship metrics
  • Since November meeting, UVA has focused on
  • Quality of life performance metrics
  • Use of performance metrics to determine
    multimodal corridor maturity and potential

4
Performance Metrics
  • Developed performance metrics that include
  • Metrics distributed by Kathy Graham at January
    VTrans meeting
  • Metrics for determining multimodal corridor
    maturity and priority
  • Suggestions for Quality of Life and
    Environmental Stewardship metrics
  • Located in Appendix A

5
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Compared to all eleven corridors, specific
    transportation corridors
  • Are more multimodal in nature
  • Are more amenable to multimodal investment
  • Have greater potential to benefit from multimodal
    investment
  • UVA team is working on a framework to
    characterize them in terms of their multimodal
    maturity and potential
  • Maturity gauges how multimodal in nature a
    corridor is currently
  • Potential gauges which corridors are the
    strongest candidates for multimodal solutions
    based on current conditions and future potential

6
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Maturity and potential is based on the VTrans2025
    goals
  • Primary
  • Safety
  • Mobility, accessibility, connectivity
  • Quality of life, environmental stewardship
  • Secondary
  • Preservation/Maintenance
  • Economic vitality
  • Fiscal responsibility

7
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Maturity and potential study will identify
  • Characteristics of current network
  • Volume of passengers and goods
  • Segments of significant congestion by mode
  • Particularly dangerous segments by mode
  • Mode share
  • Spatial characteristics
  • Densities of population, residence, workplace
  • Significant productions and attractions
  • Amount of parking
  • Qualitative characteristics
  • Localities that actively consider transportation
    in land use planning process
  • State, regional, and local transportation demand
    management policies

8
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Maturity and potential will be determined
    primarily from quantitative performance metrics
  • Mobility, Accessibility, Connectivity
  • Land Use
  • Density (population, housing, jobs, attractions)
  • Accessibility to attractions by mode within time
    radius
  • Percent/amount of mixed use zoning
  • Availability of free parking
  • Transportation
  • Mode share
  • Presence/quality of intermodal facilities
  • Preservation, Maintenance
  • Level of Service by mode

9
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Quantitative performance metrics (continued)
  • Safety and Security
  • Accidents/injuries/fatalities by mode, normalized
    by person-mile traveled
  • Quality of life
  • Travel time
  • Travel time variability
  • Out of pocket cost
  • Environmental Impact
  • Air quality
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Noise pollution
  • Watershed
  • Natural habitats

10
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Characterizing corridors with respect to
    multimodal maturity and potential will allow
    Virginia to identify corridor segments and
    localities that
  • Are currently positioned for multimodal
    investment
  • Are not currently positioned for multimodal
    investment
  • Will benefit most from multimodal investment
  • Will not benefit greatly from multimodal
    investment

11
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Approach
  • Corridors are one element of a system consisting
    of
  • Transportation network
  • Passenger
  • Freight
  • Regional and local land uses
  • Transportation and land use policies
  • Consider passenger and freight separately, but
    consider interactions where appropriate
  • Safety
  • Operations

12
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
  • Data Sources
  • US Census
  • BTS
  • UVA GeoStat Lab
  • Census Transportation Planning Package (CTPP)
  • Contains place of residence, place of work, and
    flows between home and work
  • VDOT State Planning System
  • National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • MPOs

13
Request For Information
  • What is the scope of a multimodal corridor?
  • Physical boundaries
  • Mileage radius
  • Geographical boundary (Census Tract, TAZ)
    (preferable)
  • Functional boundaries
  • Statewide network is interrelated with local
    networks
  • Relieving congestion on statewide corridors
    requires investigation and improvement to local
    transportation and land use

14
Multimodal Corridor Maturity and Potential
15
Request For Information
  • What is the VTrans2025 position concerning the
    conflicting objectives of mobility and
    accessibility?
  • Increasing mobility on roads will in many cases
    erode transit ridership and decentralize
    productions and attractions, reducing
    accessibility on other modes
  • Travel demand management, increased rail and
    transit capabilities, and centralizing
    productions and attractions encourage people to
    take shorter, non-auto trips, inherently reducing
    mobility

16
Request For Information
  • Given the funding shortage for transportation
    initiatives, and given the Kaine administrations
    excitement about transportation, would this be a
    good time to focus on policies?
  • Land use alignments with transportation goals?
  • Travel demand management?
  • Congestion Pricing?

17
Appendix A Performance Metrics
18
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Safety and Security
  • Accidents
  • Injuries
  • Fatalities
  • Injuries / 100M VMT
  • Fatalities / 100M VMT
  • Crashes / Passenger Carried (or per million
    passenger miles?)
  • Fatalities / Passenger Carried (or per million
    passenger miles?)
  • Injuries w/ Bikes, Pedestrians, Trains, Heavy
    Trucks, Buses
  • Fatalities w/ Bikes, Pedestrians, Trains, Heavy
    Trucks, Buses
  • at-grade crossings
  • crashes / train mile
  • airports conducting voluntary security programs
  • port compliance with Maritime Transportation
    Safety Act
  • OSHA recordables per 200K hours worked
  • crime rate at Park and Ride facilities

19
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Performance and Maintenance
  • lane miles deficient
  • bridges functionally obsolete
  • bridges structurally deficient
  • average clearance time for incidents
  • pavement condition
  • maintenance backlog
  • maintenance of total budget
  • facilities past recommended retirement age
  • mean time between failure
  • mean distance between failure
  • Coordination with Freight for Track Usage
  • facilities not double-stack compatible
  • Coordination with Passenger Rail for Track Usage
  • Dwell Time for Containers
  • TEUs Per Acre

20
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Mobility, Accessibility, Connectivity
  • lane miles
  • vehicle mix
  • VMT
  • AADT
  • lane miles V/C gt 1
  • Ridership
  • buses with bike racks
  • communities with transit service
  • of stations with bicycle facilities
  • at-grade crossings
  • communities within 10 miles of station
  • Enplanements
  • population within a 30 minute drive of GA
    airport
  • population within a 45 minute drive of
    commercial airport
  • air service volumes
  • Port capacity (TEU)
  • Size of ships accommodated
  • / utilization of park and ride spaces

21
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Economic Vitality
  • transportation cost per user
  • average length of commute
  • level of service
  • attractions / jobs within 1/4 mile of transit
    stops
  • population within 30 minutes of GA airport
  • population within 45 minutes of commercial
    airport
  • number of planes based at airports
  • economic impact of GA airport
  • economic impact of commercial airport
  • TEU's handled
  • value of goods
  • distribution centers / warehouses in corridor
  • square footage
  • investment dollars
  • of employees

22
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Quality of Life, Environmental Stewardship
  • Average Delay Time
  • Increase of LOS due to TDM or transit usage
  • Reduction of VMT due to TDM or transit usage
  • overall customer satisfaction
  • Reliability
  • customer wait time
  • population within 30 minutes of GA airport
  • population within 45 minutes of commercial
    airport
  • See Appendix B for further suggestions

23
Appendix A - Performance Metrics
  • Fiscal Responsibility
  • PPTAs
  • Projects completed on time and on budget
  • localities participating in First Cities
  • localities participating in Local Planning
    initiatives
  • Grants completed on time and on budget
  • Prioritization process
  • Current cash operating revenues
  • Current year beginning cash balances

24
Appendix B Suggestions of Metrics for Quality
of Life and Environmental Stewardship
  • from Cambridge Systematics, Inc. Appendix B -
    Performance Measures Library
  • (still need to identify which document)

25
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Accessibility, Mobility Related
  • population that perceives its environment has
    become more 'livable' over the past year with
    regard to ability to access desired locations
  • of region's unemployed or poor that cite
    transportation access as a principal barrier to
    seeking employment
  • of region's mobility-impaired who can reach
    specific activities by public transportation or
    by walking/wheelchair
  • Customer perception of satisfaction with commute
    time
  • Customer perception of quality transit service
  • Lost time due to congestion
  • Average number of hours spent traveling
  • Work trips completed per vehicle hour

26
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Safety Related
  • Customer perception of safety while in travel
    system
  • of population which perceives that response
    time by police, fire, rescue, or emergency
    services has become better or worse, and whether
    that is due to transportation factors

27
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Air Quality Related
  • Tons of air pollution emitted by all modes
    (including energy used to power METRO and other
    facilities)
  • of days Pollution Standard Index is in
    unhealthful range
  • Number of urban areas classified as
    non-attainment status
  • Population in areas classified as non-attainment
    status Customer perception of satisfaction with
    air quality

28
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Noise Related
  • of population exposed to levels of
    transportation noise above 60 decibels
  • Number of residences exposed to noise in excess
    of established thresholds
  • Number of noise receptor sites above threshold

29
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Other Environment Related
  • Customer perception of satisfaction with
    transportation decisions which impact the
    environment
  • Customer perception of amount of salt used on
    trunk highways
  • Amount of salt used per VMT or per lane-mile
  • of archeological and historical sites that are
    not satisfactorily addressed in project
    development before construction begins

30
Appendix B - Quality of Life
  • Project Delivery Related
  • Customer perception of satisfaction with
    involvement in pre-project planning
  • Customer perception of satisfaction with
    completed projects
  • Customer perception of promises kept on project
    completion

31
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Alternative Modes, Fuels
  • Overall mode split
  • Mode split by facility or route
  • of change in mode splits
  • Public transportation passenger-miles/total
    vehicle miles
  • of vehicles using alternative fuels
  • use of walking and bicycling for commute trips
  • use of walking and bicycling for all trips
  • of miles of non-motorized facilities

32
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Air Pollution
  • Highway emissions levels within non-attainment
    areas
  • Tons of greenhouse gases generated
  • Air quality rating

33
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Fuel Usage
  • Fuel consumption per VMT
  • Fuel consumption per PMT
  • Fuel consumption per ton-mile traveled
  • Average MPG
  • Fuel usage splits
  • Average fuel consumption per trip for selected
    trips (or shipments)

34
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Land Use
  • Sprawl difference between change in urban
    household density and suburban household density
  • of region which is developed
  • Pipelines
  • degree to which pipeline spills and accidents are
    minimized
  • Number of pipeline spills

35
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Government Actions
  • Customer perception of satisfaction with
    transportation decisions which impact the
    environment
  • Number of environmental problems to be taken care
    of with existing commitments
  • Number of transportation control measures (TCMs)
    accomplished vs. planned
  • Environmentally friendly partnership projects per
    year

36
Appendix B - Environmental Stewardship
  • Miscellaneous
  • VMT/speed relationships constraints to
    utilization due to noise (hours of operation)
  • constraints to utilization due to water (dredge
    fill permits)
  • accidents involving hazardous waste
  • Amount of recycled material used in road
    construction
  • and miles of designated scenic routes

37
Appendix C Amsterdam-Utrecht Corridor
  • Haq, Gary. Towards Sustainable Transport
    Planning A Comparison Between Britain and the
    Netherlands. Avebury. Hampshire, England.
    1997 pp 192-232

38
Case Study Amsterdam-Utrecht Corridor
  • Multimodal corridor analysis conducted in the
    late 90s
  • Similar to I-95 corridor
  • Highway network experiencing congestion
  • Affecting passenger travel and freight delivery
  • Two track rail corridor at full capacity
  • Passenger rail unreliable due to track-sharing
    conflicts
  • Thorough description of corridor
  • Consideration of all of VTrans2025 goals
  • Effective presentation of findings
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