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SOSC 111 - Science Technology and Society Today Some Sample Questions for Review Friday, November 20, 1998

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The role of the ICAC in Hong Kong is to. A. Take stock of stakeholders ... consists of : E - Establish the facts and identify ethical issues, T-Take Stock ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SOSC 111 - Science Technology and Society Today Some Sample Questions for Review Friday, November 20, 1998


1
SOSC 111 - Science Technology and
SocietyTodaySome Sample Questions for
ReviewFriday, November 20, 1998
  • Dr. Vincent Duffy - IEEM
  • email vduffy_at_uxmail.ust.hk

1
2
Administrative
  • Old exam 2 on webpage
  • Friday, 13th, review for exam
  • Monday 16th - exam 2, 630-810 LT-B
  • no class meeting on 16th
  • Wednesday
  • chance to discuss homework 2 in groups
  • oral presentation, in class Wednesday, 18th
  • written due Wednesday 18th, until 12 mid.
  • Return QOTD since exam 1

3
What can be tested (exam Monday)
  • Monday 630-810, LT-B
  • Information from lecture/slides
  • everything up through Monday, 9th
  • Assigned readings related to lecture
  • important material from the readings as outlined
    in class
  • Study aids - Expanded version of the
    lecture/slides available as tutorials
  • tutorials after exam 1
  • they are review

4
  • Innovations
  • Politics of Technology
  • have a general knowledge of those that were not
    included in lecture
  • Ethics
  • Role of ICAC in Hong Kong
  • What is a whistleblower?, what are
    stakeholders?
  • Differences ETHICS-PLUS Rational Technique
  • Concept of the Total Benefit Test
  • Differences between Ethics and the Law
  • Law
  • Limitations in the Law of Contract Law of Tort
  • Differences Law as protector Law as a weapon

2
5
  • The role of the ICAC in Hong Kong is to
  • A. Take stock of stakeholders
  • B. Identify viable alternatives
  • C. Make laws
  • D. Enforce laws
  • E. All of the above

6
  • (4pts) G. Recall the video segment in which
    Shum, a marketing representative for a fire
    fighting equipment company, was working hard to
    get a multi-million dollar contract with the
    company of Mr. Cheung. Mr. Cheung was working as
    VP of a group based in the U.S. Shum met
    Cheungs wife and discovered that the charity
    chaired by her was looking for a donation of
    500,000 HKD. Shum was advised by his peer to
    recommend that the company make the donation to
    the charity of Cheungs wife in order to improve
    the chance of winning the contract. Use only the
    ETHICS part of the ETHICS-PLUS model to show how
    Shum should decide what to do. If you were Shum
    tell what you would do. That part of the model
    consists of E - Establish the facts and
    identify ethical issues, T-Take Stock of
    Stakeholders, I-Identify alternatives. C-Consider
    key factors. S-Select an appropriate course of
    action.

7
  • What is the significance of the sunshine test?
    Why do we need it if company matters are private
    anyway?
  • Consider how would people respond if they did
    find out your (your company) behavior.
  • This may help to guide the behavior to avoid a
    potentially embarrassing situation

8
Multiple choice
  • Role of ICAC in Hong Kong
  • Q. The role of ICAC in Hong Kong is to
  • A. Make laws
  • B. Take stock of stakeholders
  • C. Enforce laws
  • D. Identify viable alternatives
  • E. None of the above

9
Multiple choice
  • What is a whistleblower? stakeholders? (see T31)
  • Q. In the video Think before you leap Sandra
    sees her coworkers trade securities from client
    money. She is deciding whether to
  • A. Use the total benefit test
  • B. Take stock of stakeholders
  • C. Enforce laws
  • D. Blow the whistle
  • E. Avoid the use of some technology because it
    might shift the power structure in her office

10
Multiple choice
  • Total Benefit test
  • Q. What is to be included in the measure of total
    benefit test?
  • A. proprietary information
  • B. different alternatives
  • C. The law of tort
  • D. Higher standards
  • E. All of the above

11
Short answer - Law as protector
  • Q. Why is minimum compliance not enough? Give an
    example from class and tell why it was not
    enough.
  • examples such as
  • Titanic, not enough lifeboats
  • Bridge in Tampa Bay- didnt include impact forces
    in the calculate horizontal forces
  • Hickles law - there was room for interpretation
    in the law, and Hickle got mad at polluters (off
    shore oil drilling) and acted harshly toward them

12
Short answer - Law as a weapon
  • Q. What is an example from class of use of Law as
    a weapon?
  • The case where the ASME representatives
    (volunteers for professional society of
    mechanical engineers) enforced codes against a
    manufacturer.
  • In this case it turned out that they worked for
    the rival manufacturer.

13
Short answer- Difference between ethics and the
law
  • Q. What is one difference between ethics and the
    law? Why do we care about Hickles law?
  • Law is the minimum standard, ethics is a higher
    standard
  • Hickles law demonstrates that sometimes the law
    as minimum standard is not enough

14
Alzheimers article
  • Recall Programs that attempt to pick winners and
    losers are corporate welfare
  • what does this comment represent
  • means that there may be selective picking of
    companies to benefit from government support of
    research
  • it is a reason for having a hands off policy

15
  • According to Langdon Winner, in the reading Do
    Artifacts Have Politics?, nuclear power plants
    are which of the following?
  • politically centralized or decentralized
    technology? Why?
  • The results of using the technology.were they
    intended or unintended?

16
Explanation given in section 23
  • When presenting review material to sections 2 3
    today, I have modified
  • the type of question you may see regarding
    'politics of technology'
  • material that was covered in reading, but not
    covered in lectures.
  • You may think of it like this.
  • Since there was no lecture on concepts like
    flexible/inflexible,
  • egalitarian, authoritarian, inherently political
    those concepts will not
  • be tested on the exam.
  • However, examples in the supplementary reading
    related to
  • intended/unintended results or 'politically'
    centralized/decentralized
  • (related to decision making and access) would be
    considered o.k. for the
  • exam. (again, for a small percentage weighting on
    the exam). You should
  • be generally familiar with those examples.
  • For a sample of the type of short answer question
    you could see, please
  • look at the slides for today (to be posted later
    this evening) for the
  • version shown in sections 2 3.
  • More likely you would see a short answer rather
    than multiple choice
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