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ARMS TRADE

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50-60 billion dollars are spent on arms every year ... signs treaty banning cluster bombs' Calgary Herald- Thursday, December 4, 2008 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ARMS TRADE


1
ARMS TRADE
  • Nigel Bocking
  • SS 10- Globalization
  • Mr. McCaffery

2
Introduction
  • 50-60 billion dollars are spent on arms every
    year
  • Globalization has contributed to the growth of
    both legal and illegal markets
  • Contributes to many conflicts and much political
    unrest worldwide

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7
Implications
  • Arms trade contributes to civil wars,
    international aggression and genocide
  • Small arms alone are responsible for 350,000
    deaths each year
  • Unstable countries with arms contribute to terror
    and suffering
  • Failed States

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12
Legal vs. Illegal
  • Legal arms trade is conducted between governments
    and manufacturers
  • Illegal is conducted between arms dealers,
    military commanders, rebel groups, terrorists and
    rogue states

13
Globalization and the Arms Trade
  • New markets for weapons
  • Led to an increase in supplies
  • Fall of Soviet Union

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15
Case Study Somalia
  • Illegal arms trading
  • Irtogte
  • Civil war
  • Increase in piracy and other crimes
  • UN arms embargo has done little to stop the trade
    from flourishing

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21
Canadas Role
  • Many companies produce weapons in Canada i.e.
    Colt Canada, General Dynamics Canada, Bombardier
    Inc., Trexton Canada
  • Canada was in the top 10 arms exporters in 2002
  • Canada is dedicated to opposing the international
    arms trade to unstable areas

22
Cluster Bomb Treaty
  • Canada has become a major player in the fight
    against cluster bombs
  • Canada signed a treaty banning the use,
    development, production, stock piling and
    transfer of these weapons
  • What is a cluster bomb? Video

23
Conclusion Solutions
  • United Nations Register of Conventional Arms
  • Embargos
  • Trade Restrictions (usually self-imposed or
    through UN)
  • Increased customs inspections (for illegal
    smuggling)

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27
Bibliography
  • Anup Shah Arms Trade A Major Cause of
    Suffering Global Issues, March 1, 2008
    http//www.globalissues.org/issue/73/arms-trade-a-
    major-cause-of-suffering
  • Government of Canada Department of Foreign
    Affairs and International Trade, Small Arms and
    Light Weapons http//geo.international.gc.ca/cip-p
    ic/cip-pic/smallarms-en.aspx

28
Bibliography
  • BBC News Nations sign cluster bomb treaty
    December 3, 2008 http//news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europ
    e/7762031.stm
  • Ken Epps, Canadas arms exports in 2002 The
    Ploughshares Monitor, Winter 2004, volume 4, no.
    25 http//www.ploughshares.ca/libraries/monitor
    /mond04c.htm

29
Bibliography
  • Josh Miller, Somalia Government Works To Stem
    Booming Illegal Arms Trade PBS The Online
    Newshour, June 7, 2007 http//www.pbs.org/newshour
    /indepth_coverage/africa/somalia/arms.html
  • Daniel Feaks, All at sea on arms control,
    Disarmament Insights, April 24, 2008
    http//disarmamentinsight.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_
    archive.html

30
Bibliography
  • Steven Edwards, Canada signs treaty banning
    cluster bombs Calgary Herald- Thursday, December
    4, 2008
  • Lowell Bergman, Sierra Leone Gunrunners PBS
    Frontline World, May 2002 http//www.pbs.org/fron
    tlineworld/stories/sierraleone/breakingnews.html
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