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General Safety Orientation


Communicate ideas, questions, and concerns to improve safety at PCC. 9. EH&S Responsibilities ... Emergency Eyewash/Shower. Portable Fire Extinguishers. Fire ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: General Safety Orientation

General Safety Orientation
Course Objectives
  • Define Why Safety is Important
  • Identify Safety Responsibilities
  • Overview of Key Safety Programs
  • Discuss General Chemical Safety Information
  • Review Emergency Procedures
  • Review Accident, Injury, and Incident Reporting
  • Review Employee Rights

Why Safety is Important?
  • Protect the Health and Well Being of students
  • Morale
  • OSHA/Fire Code/Building Code Requirements
  • Legal Liability and
  • Cost Reduction.

How do incidents stack up?
Who is Responsible for Safety?
  • The Teacher?
  • The Student?
  • EHS department?

Teacher Responsibilities
  • Primarily responsible for students safety
  • Provide and ensure use of safety equipment
  • Ensure proper training is provided
  • Correct unsafe conditions
  • Report and investigate accidents
  • Ensure safety rules are followed and
  • Be a role model for students.

Student Responsibilities
  • Follow all safety training and procedures
  • Report accidents and unsafe conditions
  • Be accountable for individual safety and that of
    work area and
  • Avoid Safety Risks.
  • Avoid shortcuts
  • No Horseplay
  • Report near misses

Student Responsibility (Cont.)
  • Communicate ideas, questions, and concerns to
    improve safety at PCC

EHS Responsibilities
  • Provide support to students and teachers
  • Respond to student concerns
  • Provide training
  • Help ensure a safe working environment
  • Establish safety programs
  • Evaluate safety procedures and equipment
  • Monitor compliance with rules and regulations
  • Monitor safety performance (accident and incident

EHS Training
  • General Safety Training
  • Chemical Handling/HAZCOM
  • Back Safety
  • Arsenic Safety Training
  • Hazardous Waste Management
  • Respiratory Protection Training
  • Laser Training
  • Hearing Conservation
  • Confined Space
  • Electrical Safety
  • Lockout/Tagout
  • Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation
  • Ergonomics

Safety Communication
  • Students should inform their teacher of any
    safety questions or concerns. You can also
  • Report any concern directly to the safety
  • Talk to or e-mail the site safety personnel
  • Talk to or e-mail the EHS Manager
  • Report any concerns to Human Resources
  • Report any concerns to a shift safety committee

Safety will respond to all employee questions or
concerns as quickly as possible.
Eye Protection
  • Designated Eye Protection Areas
  • Mechanical equipment pads
  • Fabrication areas
  • Laboratories with chemical use
  • Subfab
  • Chemical storage areas
  • Other areas as identified by the Safety

Employees are required to inspect, clean and
maintain their eye protection.
Hearing Protection
  • Required Locations

Foot Protection
  • Designated Foot Protection Areas
  • Employees working full time in specifically
    designated foot hazard areas
    shall wear steeltoed safety shoes
  • ð
  • Other areas designated by the Safety Department

Foot Protection
  • Prohibited footwear in Manufacturing Production
  • Shoes that do not fully enclose the foot below
    the ankle bone.
  • Shoes constructed of perforated plastic, open
    weave or other porous materials.
  • High heals with less than 1 sq. inch of heel
    surface on the ground.
  • Heels greater than 2 inches.
  • Shoes with porous sole or holes in the sole.

Respiratory Protection
  • Three types of respirators
  • Air Purifying
  • Air Line
  • Self Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
  • You must be medically qualified, fit- tested, and
    receive training prior to wearing a respirator!!

Respiratory Protection
  • If you are a qualified respirator user you shall
  • Use respirators only after authorized by EHS
  • Use respirators in areas specified by EHS
  • Maintain and store your respirator in accordance
    with the guidelines.
  • Be medically cleared, fit-tested, and trained on
    an annual basis
  • Report any problems or malfunctions related to
    respirator use immediately to your supervisor or

Ergonomics Awareness
  • Ergonomics is the science that addresses human
    performance and well-being in relation to their
    job and job tasks, tools, equipment and the

Comfort is KEY!!
Who gets strains, sprains, and MSDs?
Muscular Skeletal Disorders
  • People who sit or bend when they work
  • People who improperly lift or carry objects
  • People who are overweight
  • People who are inactive
  • People who are under stress
  • People with poor posture
  • People who play sports and

Contributing Risk Factors to MSDs
  • Excessive repetition
  • - performing the same task over and over.
  • Excessive or sustained force
  • - amount of physical effort required to perform
    a task
  • Awkward or static postures
  • - includes repeated or prolonged reaching
    twisting, bending, kneeling, squatting, working
    overhead with your hands, or holding fixed
  • Contact stress
  • - Pressing the body against hard or sharp edges.
  • Ex Leaning on armrests while you type.
  • Cold temperature
  • Vibration

Other Risk Factors
  • Non work-related activities may also contribute
    to problems
  • Sports/Exercise mountain biking, weight lifting,
    golfing, tennis, stair-masters
  • Certain household activities squeezing sponges,
    scrubbing, cutting, chopping, yard work.
  • Body Mechanics sleeping in awkward postures,
  • Hobbies sewing, bowling, painting, gardening,
    playing instruments (piano)
  • Maintaining your health with proper diet,
    flexibility and hydration.
  • In most instances of MSDs, a combination of risk
    factors is involved.

How can you prevent MSDs???
  • Early reporting is the 1 way to prevent onset
    of an MSD!!
  • Remember, pain is your bodys way of telling you
    something is wrong.
  • Report broken equipment immediately. Ex

Other prevention techniques...
  • Practice proper body mechanics and ergonomic
  • Learn to lift and carry safely
  • Maintain a healthy weight and follow a regular
    exercise program
  • Adjust your workstation
  • Try relaxation techniques
  • Keep your three natural curves and
  • Warm up and stretch before starting your day.

Ergonomics Awareness
  • Material Lifting/Handling Guidelines
  • Always carry loads with two hands (wafer pods).
  • Any task that requires lifting of 35 pounds or
    more must be done with two people.
  • Use a cart or lifting aid whenever possible.
  • When lifting
  • Keep feet firmly on the ground.
  • Bend at the knees not the waist.
  • Keep the load close to your body.
  • If you must turn, turn your feet and not your

Crown Carry
Prevent Strains and Sprains...
Protect Yourself!!
Baby Carry
Double Crown Carry
Task Breaks and Stretches
  • Taking REGULAR task breaks are very effective in
    reducing the risk of MSD MusculoSkeletal
  • Stretching helps to re-lubricate joints and
  • Ex driving a car without oil
  • It is very important to stretch both sides of
    your muscles.
  • A totally fatigued muscle will recover
  • 30 in 3 seconds
  • 60 in 10 seconds
  • 90 in one minute of rest

Practice Time
Stress Reduction Techniques
  • Avoid continual bending at tables
  • Keep common use items close to the body (phone,
    stapler, note pad etc.)
  • Always use mechanical lifting aids (APLs, carts,
  • Use adjustable work stations and equipment
    (keyboard tray, step stool)
  • Avoid leaning on hard surfaces (armrests and edge
    of work surface)
  • Avoid lifting objects over your head and
  • Avoid reaching over an obstacle to lift a load.
  • Early Reporting!!
  • Take REGULAR stretch breaks!

Ionizing Radiation
  • The semiconductor industry has several sources of
    ionizing radiation. Two are
  • Electron Microscopes
  • Implanters
  • Protection
  • Shielded
  • Electrically Activated
  • Interlock Devices
  • Monitored

Laser Safety
  • Lasers are used in many locations.
  • Never tamper or defeat an interlocks on any
    system including systems with lasers.
  • Never remove or look behind any protective device
  • Exposure to high power laser beam may result in
    severe burns or blindness.

Lockout/Tagout Awareness
Lockout/Tagout Control of Hazardous Energy
  • Types of Energy
  • Thermal
  • Electrical
  • Mechanical
  • Chemical
  • Hydraulic/Pneumatic

Lockout/Tagout Awareness
  • Lockout/Tagout State/Federal OSHA
  • Explains rules and regulations pertaining to
    Lockout/Tagout procedures.
  • Must be an Authorized Employee to perform
    Lockout/Tagout Procedures.
  • Attend Training and Read Spec.

Lockout/Tagout Awareness
Used to Control hazardous energies during
maintenance work.
Lockout/Tagout Awareness
  • Attempts to restart or reenergize machines or
    equipment which are locked out or tagged out is
  • Be aware of your surroundings!!

Emergency Equipment
  • Manual Fire Pull Stations
  • Emergency Eyewash/Shower
  • Portable Fire Extinguishers
  • Fire/Evacuation Strobe Light

Emergency Procedures
In case of emergency
Dial 4444
  • Speak slowly and calmly
  • Give name, extension number and location
  • State nature of emergency

Emergency Procedures - Building Evacuations
  • Students must evacuate quickly and calmly through
    the nearest exit.
  • Do not use the elevator.
  • Follow security and safety measures for your
  • Once evacuated, students must report to their
    relocation points.
  • Teachers will conduct headcount.
  • ERT will sweep the building and will stabilize
    the situation.
  • Students may not get into their cars or leave the
    facility unless permission is granted by the ERT
  • Follow the ERTs instructions.
  • Do not re-enter the building until given the all
    clear by the ERT.

Emergency Procedures - Building Evacuations
  • When ordered to evacuate
  • DO NOT run
  • DO NOT stop at the restroom or use the phone
  • DO NOT return to your area for personal
  • DO NOT evacuate through the area of the

Do not re-enter the building until given the ALL
CLEAR from the ERT
Emergency Procedures - Fire
  • Activate the nearest manual pull station
  • Call the Emergency Number
  • 4444
  • Fire extinguishers are available for small fires
  • Do not attempt to extinguish unless trained to do
  • If the fire results in evacuation, follow the
    evacuation procedures

Emergency Procedures - Earthquakes
  • In case of an EARTHQUAKE
  • DO NOT PANIC, Remain CALM during an earthquake.
  • Move away from power lines and from the building,
    if outside.
  • When in the Fab or lab area, MOVE away from sinks
    and chemicals.
  • Move under a table or in a doorway, if possible.
  • DO NOT run out of the building.
  • After the earthquake, ERT will evacuate, if
    necessary, follow standard evacuation procedures.

Emergency Procedures - Power Failure
  • Building
  • DO NOT move until the building emergency lights
    come on
  • ERT will evaluate the building and determine if
    an evacuation is required
  • Fab
  • Battery operated emergency lights will
    automatically come on
  • 8-10 sec. After power failure, emergency
    generator will activate emergency lighting
  • Exit signs will illuminate
  • Always evacuate to relocation your area

Emergency Procedures - Accident Reporting
  • Report all accidents or injuries to your teacher

Emergency Procedures - Accident Reporting
  • If The Accident Is Serious And/or Life
  • Contact the Emergency Number

Emergency Procedures - Chemical Exposure
  • IF you are exposed to a chemical, rinse
    immediately for 15 minutes.
  • IF a chemical is inhaled, get some fresh air.
  • NOTIFY your supervisor or use the emergency

Get under shower and remove any clothes exposed
to the chemical.
Accident Investigation
  • All accidents must be reported immediately to
    your teacher.
  • The Safety department will review that report and
    follow up with the supervisor as necessary.
  • Corrective actions will be tracked to completion.

Student Rights
  • Students have the right
  • To have information provided on all hazards in
    their work area.
  • To have information on chemical hazards in their
    work area.
  • To have information on the chemical hazards
    provided to their personal physician.
  • To work in a safe and healthy work environment.