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Cultural Digital Maps

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Title: Cultural Digital Maps


1
  • Cultural Digital Maps

  • Karolina Ociepka

  • trainee

2
Cultural Digital Maps
  • Cultural Digital Map what is it?
  • The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
  • TimeMap
  • Examples
  • Projects
  • Advantages of using cultural digital maps
  • Join ECAI
  • Conclusions
  • Resources

3
Cultural Digital Map what is it?
  • An digital atlas is a matrix of spatial and
    temporal information with associated cultural
    information or attributes. It must include at
    least one dynamic map with multiple layers, or
    multiple maps. It is created by an author or team
    of collaborators with a specific focus, theme,
    and/or intended audience. The focus can be either
    large or small scale in time and space.
  • To be an academic work the atlas must include
    appropriate documentation of the source of data
    and the methods of analysis and construction of
    the project.

4
Cultural Digital Map what is it?
  • Historical, religious, ethnographic, and language
    atlases are related genres of work. Cultural
    atlases generally include information from
    several of these more specialized genres.
  • Cultural atlas is a convenient term for two or
    more cultural maps that form a coherent, thematic
    whole. In practice, when the necessary
    explanation and documentation has been added,
    atlases become digital publications that include
    one or more cultural maps.

5
Structure of Cultural atlas
6
Structure of Cultural atlas
  • Cultural atlas may consist of
  • static and/or dynamic maps.

7
Static map gives a possibility to display only
static data.
8
Dynamic map gives a possibility to display
only the selected data and to view data in the
dynamic way.
9
Dynamic map
10
Dynamic map
11
The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
  • http//www.ecai.org
  • The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI)
    originated in 1997 when a group of scholars met
    in Berkeley to discuss how better maps could be
    developed to support their research and teaching.
  • ECAIs programs include two international
    conferences a year, the development of standards
    and best practices, and the creation of digital
    publications that incorporate dynamic cultural
    maps, mainly using the TimeMap software.
  • ECAI is, by its mission, concerned with cultural
    maps for education and research.

12
The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
  • ECAI's vision encourages the development of a
    global digital cultural atlas which incorporates
    a federated collection of hundreds of networked
    digital projects created by libraries, museums
    and archives, and by scholars in history, the
    humanities and the social sciences.
  • Integrating technologies and other spatial data
    with a distributed architecture and humanities
    content, ECAI is on the front lines of research
    in various fields of information technology in
    addition to developing content for the atlas. To
    achieve these goals, ECAI is involved in research
    initiatives on numerous topics.

13
The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative
  • Toward this end ECAI has developed two ways of
    viewing distributed cultural materials.
  • The Cultural Atlas Portal links examples of
    cultural atlases developed globally
  • http//ecai.org/culturalAtlasPortal
  • The ECAI Clearinghouse is a collection of
    spatio-temporal datasets and TimeMap mapspaces
    contributed by ECAI affiliates
  • http//ecai.org/tech/mdch.html
  • In addition to these portals, you can browse
  • Approximately three hundred affiliated projects
    listed on the
  • Related Project List
  • http//ecai.org/atlases/projectlist07.asp
  • Featured Projects - examples of a wide range of
    projects using time and space
  • http//ecai.org/atlases/Featuredprojects.asp

14
TimeMap
  • TimeMap was developed at the University of
    Sydney, Australia, under the leadership of Ian
    Johnson, an archaeologist.
  • A time bar can be set dynamically to any desired
    span of time and only data relating to that
    period is visible in the display. When the time
    bar slider is moved, the map shows the changes
    through time dynamically, with an intuitively
    attractive video-like effect.
  • In addition, TimeMap includes software to compile
    a catalog (clearinghouse) of Internet
    accessible geotemporal data sets and the tools to
    search for, select, download, and edit these
    resources to compile a complex resource for
    visualization.
  • TimeMap is freely available for research and
    educational purposes and is being moved to open
    source. For fuller details, see the TimeMap web
    site at http//www.timemap.net/

15
The TimeMap methodology
  • A means of displaying the results of scholarly
    research in space and time
  • A means of making text, images, hyperlinks,
    tabular data, and multimedia applications from
    anywhere on the Internet available in one
    interface
  • A tool to query the data catalogued in the ECAI
    clearinghouse and search the Internet to find and
    access ECAI projects
  • A way to superimpose diverse ECAI projects on one
    another in a single time-aware map
  • A means of downloading selected data from
    Internet datasets to a consistent GIS format on a
    local drive for further analysis with other
    software packages
  • Control of access to datasets through password
    and encryption
  • Methods of display and animation of maps through
    time

16
Cultural Mapping Projects - Examples
  • Interactive Map of Tibet
  • http//www.thdl.org/collections/cultgeo/asia/asiam
    ap.html
  • The Map includes the information about
  • Tibetan Areas in PRC
  • PRC Provinces
  • Counties
  • Major Towns
  • Population Density
  • Electricity usage
  • Rivers and Forests
  • Elevation Map
  • There is also a possibility to take a virtual
    tour through Lhasa city. Each district of the
    city includes short descriptions in both English
    and Tibetan languages. The map includes also
    links to different portals, maps and other useful
    resources concerning this region as, for example,
    Lhasa Satellite Image.

17
Interactive Map of Tibet
18
Cultural Mapping Projects - Examples
  • Multimedia website on Masterpieces of the Oral
    and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
  • http//www.unesco.org/culture/en/masterpieces
  • The website includes the world map with all
    Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage
    of Humanity marked on it.
  • Masterpieces are arranged by the year of
    Proclamation.
  • Each chosen masterpiece includes presentation,
    which consists of a masterpiece description,
    photo, video and audio material, as well as
    information about the ways of safeguarding the
    particular masterpiece by implemented
    educational, research and cultural projects.

19
Multimedia website on Masterpieces of the Oral
and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
20
Cultural Mapping Projects - Examples
  • Norfolk Heritage Explorer
  • http//www.heritage.norfolk.gov.uk/
  • The website offers the opportunity to access the
    Norfolk Historic Environment Record database
    online.
  • Users can access thousands of records that
    describe the archaeology of Norfolk from the
    Palaeolithic period to the modern day. These
    records deal with a range of sites, finds and
    buildings in the county, making this an ideal
    resource for anyone wanting to learn more about
    the heritage of Norfolk.
  • The Explorer offers also other features of the
    site that help to bring the heritage of Norfolk
    to life include
  • Heritage Trails - These heritage trails provide
    different ways to explore Norfolk's archaeology
    during walks, cycle rides or drives through the
    countryside. Each trail is described in detail on
    the website and accompanied by maps and
    photographs.
  • Teaching Resources - These Resource Packs have
    been designed in consultation with the Learning
    Department of Norfolk Museums Archaeology
    Service and local schools. These contain
    everything required to follow the teaching
    activities but could also be used in a variety of
    different ways.

21
Norfolk Heritage Explorer
22
An example of a TimeMap - Iraq Time Map
  • http//ecai.org/iraq/
  • During the 2003 Iraq War, the Bagdad and Mosul
    Museums were looted, secret vaults flooded, and
    archaeological sites damaged by looters with
    bulldozers. At the April 2003 Electronic Cultural
    Atlas Initiative (ECAI) conference in Vienna,
    Austria (in conjunction with the Computer
    Applications and Quantitative Methods in
    Archaeology conference), the question was posed
    What can weas academicians, computer scientists,
    and concerned citizens do to help preserve Iraq's
    history?" ECAI accepted the task of constructing
    a website to bring together the available digital
    cultural heritage resources on Iraq.
  • The oldest written history in the world is that
    of Mesopotamia, which occupied the area that is
    now Iraq. The ECAI Iraq Cultural Atlas covers a
    10,000-year period of history, which includes
    profiles of 70 major historic sites and 50
    empires and eras. Online resources are linked to
    each profile. These include multi-media
    materials, historical abstracts, results of
    online library searches, records of cultural
    artifacts, and a history of writing.

23
  • ECAI Iraq presents over 850 individual links
    hosted by over 140 institutions all cataloged by
    time and place. Over 120 online maps, mostly
    static images, are included. The contributions of
    each institution can be viewed
    in an alphabetical index.

24
  • Profiles can be accessed through the list or via
    a dynamic map. For
    the dynamic map click "View Historic Sites
    Dynamic Map".

25
  • A time slider bar can be used to view boundaries
    of empires as they change over time.
    Interacting with the maps you can click on a
    location to zoom in and see more
    detail for that area. A dynamic map of historic
    sites displays the distribution of
    major sites, world heritage sites, and ziggurats
    (ancient pyramid-shaped temple
    towers).

26
  • Each site has a profile which includes a site
    plan (when available), a thumbnail image of
    the site, and a location reference map.
    Additional information includes links to
    abstracts from a variety of sources, artifacts,
    collections, history, maps, news, and other
    relevant documentation.

27
Iraq Time Map
  • The sponsors of the ECAI Iraq project include
  • The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative (ECAI),
    the Hewlett-Packard Company, the Center for
    Information Technology Research in the Interest
    of Society (CITRIS) at the University of
    California, and International and Area Studies
    (IAS) at the University of California, Berkeley.

28
Projects
  • The range of disciplines and world areas
    represented in electronic cultural atlases is
    large. Cultural Digital Maps have been realised
    in countries like Afghanistan, Australia,
    Belgium, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, China, India, Iran,
    Iraq, Japan, South Korea, Mexico, Nepal,
    Pakistan, Philippines, Russia, Sudan, United
    Kingdom, United States. Many online projects
    currently take advantage of the ECAI and TimeMap
    infrastructure. Over 300 such projects are listed
    at ECAI website, with links to the project team
    members.
  • Within a framework of some projects, there are
    developed cultural maps of each region or area in
    particular country.
  • On the next two pages you will find some
    examples.

29
Projects
30
Projects
31
Cultural atlas published as a book
  • Some of atlases are published as books. The
    example of an atlas published
  • in book form is Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous
    Australia. The atlas opens up a
  • window onto the landscape on Aboriginal and
    Torres Strait Islander lives, from
  • 60,000 years ago to today.
  • Atlas contains black-and-white and full color
    photographs, maps, charts, illustrations and
    artworks.
  • Each chapter has been compiled by one or more
    experts in their field, under the general
    editorship of Bill Arthur and Frances Morphy.
  • Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous Australia was
    awarded for Excellence in Educational Publishing.
  • "This is a book that every school in the nation
    should possess.
  • The Age 7/1/06
  • "This book deserves a place in every library -
    school, university and
  • municipality - in this country
  • Geographical Education, Vol 19, 2006

32
Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous Australia
33
Advantages of using cultural digital maps
  • In the humanities and social sciences there is a
    strong need to understand context. Temporally
    dynamic maps provide a framework for showing and
    analyzing context in terms of what was happening
    around a particular time and place.
  • Paper maps are static. Digital maps can be
    dynamic with respect to data sets (allowing
    layers to be added, removed, and combined),
    spatially (panning and zooming), temporally
    (showing change over time), and by supporting
    links to and from other resources.

34
Advantages of using cultural digital maps
  • Electronic cultural atlases must include all the
    features of the paper version but pose new
    questions about the best ways to represent the
    information in the new media. Electronic cultural
    atlases can also include new functionality
    enabled by the use of electronic media including
  • Interactive viewing and dynamic presentation of
    the material
  • Content searches
  • Content filtering
  • Analysis
  • Incorporation of larger volumes and more complex
    data
  • Flexibility in integrating content for specific
    authors goals and intended audiences
  • Possibility of online community input of
    information

35
Join ECAI
  • ECAI welcomes the participation of individuals
    and organizations who have digital projects to
    link with the Cultural Atlas. Any web-based
    project that includes spatial and temporal data
    has the potential for interoperability with ECAI.
  • If you become an ECAI affiliate
  • Your name and your project will be listed in our
    database, allowing other members of the community
    to browse your work in progress.
  • You will have the opportunity to attend
    conferences, training sessions, interim workshops
    and meetings.
  • You may apply for technical assistance in project
    development, and for support to attend
    conferences, subject to the availability of
    resources.

36
Conclusions
  • Digital cultural map is one of wide used mean of
    distributing information about different cultural
    areas.
  • It offers the opportunity to involve a society in
    the process of popularization and exploration
    cultural issues.
  • Digital map gives a possibility to incorporate in
    one web site all types of information, including
    photo, audio and video material.
  • Cultural map might be used as a supplementary
    aid, which contain interactive forms of teaching
    and is an example of using the new media in the
    education programme.
  • The Map as a background, might by used as an
    important source of information by research
    institutions, education and cultural specialists,
    higher education institutions, state and regional
    government etc.
  • Digital Map, involving a wide audience in the
    process of exploring the Intangible Cultural
    Heritage, and making a use of a possibility to
    contain different kinds of material, is one of
    well known practice of safeguarding the
    Intangible Cultural Heritage.

37
Conclusions
  • Digital map offers a possibility to analyse
    information in the spatial and temporal context.
  • As an alternative data base, digital map foresee
    a possibility to include new data sets and update
    the information concerning the particular
    cultural space.
  • Different cultural areas might be described using
    the digital cultural map, these are for example
    the activities of cultural institutions and
    linguistic differences in the chosen place, as
    also archaelogical resources and statistics
    database.
  • Digital Map helps to recognize the size and scope
    of cultural activities. This information might
    assist the cultural institutions in coordinating
    information and collaboration among the creative
    and performing arts.
  • Digital Map is a great mean to build
    relationships with diverse arts groups on the
    local, regional, national and global level.

38
Latvian Cultural Map as a part of ECAI Cultural
Atlas
  • Latvian Cultural Map (www.kulturaskarte.lv) might
    be included in the ECAI Cultural Atlas
  • The possibility of the map development
  • Technical assistance in projects development and
    financial support to attend conferences on the
    cultural map subjects.
  • A great possibility to inform an international
    auditory about Latvian culture, its traditions,
    history, current events, interesting objects and
    important persons, as well as intangible and
    tangible cultural Latvian heritage.
  • A possibility to cooperate with other cultural
    maps development projects.

39
Resources
  • The Electronic Cultural Atlas Initiative web
    site http//www.ecai.org
  • The Cultural Atlas Portal http//ecai.org/cultura
    lAtlasPortal/
  • The ECAI Clearinghouse http//ecai.org/tech/mdch.
    html
  • TimeMap website http//www.timemap.net/
  • Interactive Map of Tibet http//www.thdl.org/coll
    ections/cultgeo/asia/asiamap.html
  • Multimedia website on Masterpieces of the Oral
    and Intangible Heritage of Humanity
    http//www.unesco.org/culture/en/masterpieces
  • Norfolk Heritage Explorer http//www.heritage.nor
    folk.gov.uk
  • Iraq Time Map http//ecai.org/iraq/
  • Macquarie Atlas of Indigenous Australia
    www.macquarienet.com.au
  • The information was available on August 2008

40
  • Thank You for Your attention!
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