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Coal and Biomass Gasification: Straw Dog Plan


Presentation to CAE Energy Pathways Workshop Series Three ... Dynegy. EdF. Edison International. Edison Mission Energy. ENEL. Entergy. E.ON UK. E.ON US ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Coal and Biomass Gasification: Straw Dog Plan

Coal and Biomass Gasification Straw Dog Plan
Presentation to CAE Energy Pathways Workshop
Series Three National Technology Projects
October 12, 2007 Jim Sarvinis, P.
Eng. Hatch Don Hewson, PhD. University of
Western Ontario
  • Opening remarks
  • Overview of draft Straw Dog plan
  • Energy Pathways Project Recommendation
  • Setting the Scene for a National Technology
  • Current Gasification activities (Canada others)
  • Framework Plan for 10-year National Technology
  • Links to GHG and Electrical Infrastructure
  • Action Plan
  • Break-out Sessions
  • Reporting Outcomes

Energy Pathways Project Recommendation
  • Coal / Biomass Gasification should be advanced as
    a National Technology Project

National Technology ProjectSetting the Scene
  • Challenges for coal gasification in Canada
  • Projects are capital intensive
  • Plant reliability historically lower than
    competing technologies
  • Some technologies not proven for low rank coals
    and high sulphur, low ash petcokes
  • Challenges for biomass gasification in Canada
  • Economic feasibility
  • Public acceptance of municipal solid waste (MSW)
  • Key opportunities for gasification to use
    low-cost, abundant feedstocks and sequester CO2
  • National Technology Project would help overcome
    challenges and realize opportunities

Current Gasification Activities
  • Commercial Operations
  • Clean Coal Power Coalition (CCPC)
  • Other Canadian Ventures
  • FutureGen
  • Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI)
  • EPRI Coalfleet for Tomorrow

Coal Based IGCC Power Plants
Other Coal Gasification Plants
  • Many existing plants capture CO2
  • Coal-to-chemical applications need pure syngas
    (H2 CO)
  • Great Plains CO2 pipeline to Weyburn,
    Saskatchewan for EOR

Great Plains SNG Facility
SASOL Coal-to-Liquids
Eastman Coal-to-Chemicals
Many Others
Canadian Clean Power Coalition
  • Industry / government partnership supported by
    Alberta Energy Research Institute (AERI), Natural
    Resources Canada, Saskatchewan Industry and
  • Mandate To research, develop and demonstrate
    commercially viable clean coal technology and
    facilitate the construction of full-scale,
    coal-fueled demonstration plants - designed to
    remove greenhouse gases and other emissions
  • Planning to sponsor 33 million FEED study for
    IGCC in Alberta

Canadian Clean Power Coalition Members
  • Basin Electric Power Co-Operative (BEPC)
  • Own and operate North Dakota Synfuels Plant
  • Supercritical coal power plant in operation
    (Genesee 3), in partnership with TransAlta
  • FEED study for a utility-scale coal gasification
  • TransAlta
  • Supercritical coal power plant development
    (Keephills 3), in partnership with EPCOR
  • EPRI
  • CoalFleet for Tomorrow international project
  • Sherritt International
  • Feasibility Study complete for Dodds-Roundhill
    gasification plant (coal-to-hydrogen)
  • SaskPower
  • 300 MWe oxyfuel power plant with 90 CO2 capture
    for EOR studied, but recently deferred
  • Nova Scotia Power
  • Low sulphur coal and petroleum coke utilization

CCPC members are motivated proponents of clean
coal usage and GHG reductions and many have
active projects of their own.
Other Canadian Activities
  • Operating Companies
  • TransCanada Pipelines - 4B polygen plant
    feasibility study with GE technology (Belle
    Plaine, Saskatchewan petcoke feed). Provincial
    support announced.
  • Technology Developers
  • Plasco Energy (Ottawa) plasma gasification, MSW
    demo plant in commissioning
  • AlterNrg (Calgary) plasma gasification, owners
    of Westinghouse technology
  • Ergo Exergy (Montréal) underground coal
  • Available Energy Corp (Toronto) H2 priority
    gasifier with CO2 sequestration
  • Research and Development
  • CANMET Energy Technology Centre (Natural
    Resources Canada)
  • University of Calgary, University of
    Saskatchewan, various others

FutureGen Project - USA
  • Development of first-of-its-kind, coal fueled,
    near-zero emissions 275MWe power plant
  • 1.5 billion public-private partnership
  • Production of H2 for electricity and additional
  • Testing and commercializing new technologies

FutureGen Project (continued)
  • Goal Prove economic feasibility of coal-fueled
    electricity production with carbon capture and
    storage at a commercial scale
  • Public-Private partnership between the Department
    of Energy (DOE) and the FutureGen Alliance Inc
  • Timeline
  • FutureGen plans announced 2003
  • Site selection by end of 2007
  • Break ground in 2009
  • Full-scale operation 2012

FutureGen Block Flow
FutureGen Site Selection
  • Four candidate sites currently under final
    selection review Texas and Illinois

FutureGen Alliance Inc.
  • Organizational body representing private industry
    in collaboration with the DOE for development of
    the FutureGen project
  • Non-profit consortium of coal and power
  • Alliance members raised 400 million in funding
  • Governed by a 12 member board and managed by a 3
    member executive

FutureGen Alliance Members
  • American Electric Power Service Corp.
  • Anglo American Services Ltd.
  • BHP Billiton Energy Coal Inc.
  • China Huaneng Group
  • Consol Energy InC.
  • E.ON U.S. LLC
  • Foundation Coal Corp.
  • Peabody Energy Corp.
  • PPL Energy Services Group LLC
  • Rio Tinto Energy America Services
  • Southern Company Services Inc.
  • Xstrata Coal Pty Ltd.
  • Investing US33 M each per current budget

Clean Coal Power Initiative (CCPI) - USA
  • Government / industry cost-shared partnership
  • Mandate Demonstrate innovative technologies for
    clean coal utilization, which may lead to
    improved energy security and environmental
  • Demonstrated technologies selected to dovetail
    with other initiatives such as FutureGen
  • Managed by US DOE National Energy Technology
    Laboratory (NETL)

Clean Coal Power Initiative (continued)
  • Industrial Participants include
  • Great River Energy
  • NeuCo, Inc.
  • University of Kentucky Research Foundations
  • WMPI Pty LLC
  • Western Greenbrier Co-Gen LLC
  • Wisconsin Electric Power Co.
  • Excelsior Energy, Inc.
  • Pegasus Technologies
  • Southern Company Services Inc.

EPRI Coalfleet for Tomorrow - USA
  • Mandate To accelerate deployment and
    commercialization of clean, efficient, advanced
    coal power systems
  • Industry initiative led by EPRI
  • Main activities
  • Commercial (Permitting issues / Incentives)
  • Technical (IGCC plant design guidelines)
  • R D

EPRI Coalfleet (contd)
EPRI Coalfleet Members
Alliant Energy Corp. Alstom Power Ameren Services
Company American Electric Power Arkansas Electric
Coop. Austin Energy Babcock Wilcox
Company Bechtel Corp. BP Alternative Energy
International California Energy
Commission ConocoPhillips Technology Consumers
Energy CPS Energy Dairyland Power Coop. Doosan
Heavy Industries Duke Energy Corp. Dynegy EdF Edis
on International Edison Mission
Salt River Project Siemens Southern California
Edison Southern Company Stanwell
Corporation TransCanada Pipelines
Limited Tri-State GT TVA TXU U.S. DOE (NETL) We
Energies Wolverine Power Xcel Energy
Exelon Corp. FPL GE Energy (USA) Golden Valley
Electrical Assoc. Great River Energy Hoosier
Energy Integrys Energy Group (WPS) Jacksonville
Electric Authority Kansas City Power
Light Kellogg Brown Root (KBR) Lincoln Electric
System Midwest Generation Minnesota
Power Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI) Nebraska
Public Power District New York Power
Authority Oglethorpe Power PacifiCorp PNM
Resources Portland General Electric Pratt
Whitney Rocketdyne Richmond Power Light Rio
Framework Plan10-year National Technology
  • National Technology Project should result in one
    or two gasification plants operating at
    commercial scale by 2017
  • Two types of projects to be considered
  • Western Canada coal or petcoke for hydrogen
  • Eastern Canada coal and / or biomass (incl. MSW)
    to power
  • Projects should include CO2 sequestration

Framework Plan10-year National Technology
Project (contd)
  • Public-private consortium of scale similar to
  • National funding mechanism required in which
    federal government and benefiting provinces make
    largest investments
  • Conservative Federal Energy Caucus should be
    supportive of National Energy Mega-project

Links to GHG and Electrical Infrastructure
  • Obvious links with GHG emission reduction
  • Gasification provides more concentrated stream of
    CO2 which can be economically separated for

Action Plan
  • To be developed during break-out session

  • Thank you for your attention and comments
  • For further information please contact
  • Jim Sarvinis, P. Eng.
  • 905-403-3831
  • Director, Energy Technologies Hatch
  • 2800 Speakman Dr., Mississauga, Ontario, L5K 2R7
  • Don Hewson, Ph. D.
  • 519-383-8303
  • Managing Director, Industrial Liaison
  • University of Western Ontario Research and
    Development Park
  • 1086 Modeland Rd., Sarnia, Ontario, N7S 6L2