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Three Sundays in a Week

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... Pratt didn't go by the same route as Captain Smitherton --- that makes a difference. ... so angry and agitated that his face turned deep crimson. ?????? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Three Sundays in a Week


1
Three Sundays in a Week
  • ??????????????

2
Background Knowledge
  • Time Zones and International Date Line
  • In 1884 scientists divided the world into 24 time
    zones. The time in the zone containing Greenwich
    is called Greenwich Mean Time.
  • Going westwards around the world from Greenwich,
    we subtract an hour for each 15 degrees of
    longitude. Going eastwards from Greenwich we add
    an hour for each 15 degrees of longitude.
  • At 180longitude we arrive at the International
    Date Line. This imaginary line runs north-south
    through the Pacific Ocean.
  • When crossing the International Date Line, the
    date is put forward one day going west (a day is
    lost) and the date is put back one day going
    east (a day is gained).

3
Introduction of the Author
  • Edgar Allan Poe (1809 1848)
  • American poet, critic, and short-story writer, is
    considered one of the most important American
    authors of the nineteenth century.
  • His short stories deal chiefly with mystery,
    horror, and crime. They are considered to be
    important forerunners of the typical detective
    story of the twentieth century.
  • As an artist, Poe came to be regarded more highly
    abroad than in his own country. His publications
    include three volumes of poetry, a large number
    of short stories, and critical articles.
  • His first collection of short stories, Tales of
    the Grotesque and Arabesque, appeared in 1840.
  • The Raven was published in 1845 as the title poem
    of a collection.
  • His famous work To Helen Annabel Lee The fall
    of the House of Usher.

4
Type of the Text
  • Narration is the form of discourse generally used
    in novels, short stories and plays. Narrative
    writing tells a story, either briefly or at some
    length. In a narrative piece of writing , the
    sequential occurrence of events is vital .
  • Three Sundays in a Week is a short narrative
    writing.

5
Questions
  • Why did Kate and the writer invite Kates two
    sailor friends come to their home?
  • Did Captain Smitherton circled the Cape of Good
    Hope twice?
  • Do you believe that sometimes three Sundays do
    come together in a week?
  • Are you as well as the old man tricked by their
    explanation?

6
Writing Style and Structure of the Text
  • Three Sundays in a Week is an excerpt from a
    short story and a delightful piece of narration
    in chronological order, in which a fact is woven
    into fiction, giving an impossibility, a
    plausible explanation, thus making the story
    interesting and intriguing.
  • Six Elements of a Narration
  • Time On a Sunday afternoon
  • Place At writers uncles home
  • Figures Kate, I, my uncle, Captain Pratt and
    Captain Smitherton
  • Events Cause --- Part1 Line (1-4)
  • Process --- Part 2 Line (5-20)
  • Climax End --- Part 3 Line (21-63)

7
Writing Style and Structure of the Text
  • The story can be divided into four parts
  • The first part (Para. 1) --- The theme is state
    clearly.
  • The second part (Pare. 2 - 7) --- This is the
    first step in the steering of the conversation.
  • The third part (Para. 8 - 15) --- This is the
    crucial part of the conversation.
  • The fourth part (Para. 16) --- The end.

8
Detailed Study of the Story
  • 1. narrator (n.)
  • ? a person in some books, television shows,
    plays, music, etc, who tells the story or
    explains what is happening
  • ? a person who narrates a story
  • Narrate (v.) narration (n.) narrative
    (n.)

9
  • 2. in the care of
  • care refers to charge, protection, usually it
    needs to be connected with possessive pronoun or
    definite article.
  • under / in ones care
  • under / in the care of sb.
  • E.g. under the doctors care
  • in a hospitals intensive care unit
  • care of, in care of --- used when addressing
    letters to mean at the address of ? ??
  • E.g. Roger Ning, care of Carlos Ung, Forest
    Street
  • Phrases have the same form
  • take the fancy of take a fancy to
  • in front of in the front of
  • out of the question out of question
  • in possession in the possession of

10
  • 3. consent (n.) U agreement permission
  • (v.) consent to agree with, permit, allow.
  • E.g. John consented to help the old lady.
  • 4. But the old man would not give his consent
    until three Sundays came together in a week. ---
    This sentence carries a foreshadowing of the
    story.
  • 5. They had circled it in a year and come back to
    England. --- It means they had traveled around
    the world for a year and now had just come back
    to England.
  • 6. Kate and I tried to gain our point indirectly.
    --- It means Kate and I tried to talk Uncle
    Rumgudgeon into believing that 3 Sundays could
    occur in a week in a roundabout way. They tried
    to get what they aimed at.

11
  • 7. So we invited the pair up to meet my uncle.
    --- We invited Kates two sailor friends to the
    place where we were, that is, to the old mans
    home. The word up can not be omitted. If it is
    omitted, the meaning of the sentence will not be
    very clear.
  • 8. after a half hour or so of idle talk, we
    began to steer the conversation. --- After about
    half an hour of casual chatting, we began to
    direct the conversation follow the course as we
    had planned.
  • idle (adj.) having no special value or
    importance
  • steer (v.) direct the course of (as a ship or
    vehicle)
  • E.g. steer a conversation into a favourite
    subject

12
  • 9. Here I am just a year after leaving England.
    --- This means it is just a year since I left
    England and I am back again.
  • 10. bid my friends goodbye
  • bid (v.) bid, bid gt bade, bidden bidding
  • ? say or wish (a greeting or goodbye to someone)
  • E.g. He bid me good morning as he passed.
  • ? order or tell (someone to do something)
  • E.g. She would never do as she was bidden.
  • ? invite e.g., guests bidden to a wedding
  • 11. It does seem a coincidence, really, doesnt
    it? --- It looks as if we had planned the same
    trip.

13
  • coincidence (n.) ? a combination of events,
    happening by chances, but in such a way that it
    seems planned or arranged
  • E.g. What a coincidence it was to be in Wuhan
    just when you were?
  • ? U the condition or fact of coinciding
  • E.g. Is there any coincidence between his
    opinions and your own?
  • 12. an extraordinary concurrence of events --- an
    unusual / amazing coincidence of incidents
  • concurrence (n.) ? an example of actions,
    events, etc., happening at the same time e.g.,
    an interesting concurrence of events
  • ? an agreement of opinion
  • The concurrence of all 3 judges that the man was
    guilty.
  • ? U the act of concurring

14
  • 13. But remember that Captain Pratt didnt go by
    the same route as Captain Smitherton --- that
    makes a difference.
  • But notice that the two captains traveled in
    opposite directions and that is quite important.
  • make some / no/ a lot of / all the difference
  • E.g. It doesnt make any / much difference to me
    whether you go or stay.
  • 14. Well, broke in my uncle.
  • Kate interrupted hastily.
  • interrupt break in
  • This revealed that my uncle and Kate were
    impatient and irritable.

15
  • 15. Sunday? Kate demanded. Come, you know
    Roberts not so bad as that! Today is Sunday, of
    course!
  • Come here is an interjection, expressing not very
    strong disapproval.
  • This sentence was said by Kate intentionally.
  • 16. Here Smitherton found his voice at last.
  • Here Smitherton began to speak at last.
  • found his voice --- managed to speak in spite of
    the argument between Captain Pratt on one hand
    and Kate and her uncle on the other hand.

16
  • 17. Hed been looking at the others as though
    they were mad.
  • as though leads an adverbial clause of manner,
    which refers to as it would be if (something
    were true).
  • 18. Todays Sunday! my uncle roared, purple with
    anger.
  • Roar used here to indicate that my uncle is a
    bad-tempered man.
  • purple with anger purple is a dark colour which
    is a blend of red and blue. Usually when a person
    is extremely angry, his face will turn purple.
    Here it shows that the writers uncle was so
    angry and agitated that his face turned deep
    crimson. ??????
  • Different colour in different culture may have
    different association. Language can reflect the
    cultural feature of one nation. Therefore, in
    different languages they may use different
    colours to describe the same object or
    phenomenon. For examples
  • ???????? He was red with anger. ?? black tea
  • ?? gray / grey hair ?? brown sugar ?? a green
    hand

17
  • ??????? green with envy / be green-eyed
  • ??? green-eyed monster
  • ???,??? pink eye
  • ?????? ash-white with terror
  • ???? in the blue mood
  • ???? a real blue blood
  • 19. I am as positive that yesterday was Sunday as
    I am that Im sitting in this chair. --- I am
    positive that yesterday was Sunday just as I am
    positive that Im sitting in this chair. (To
    puzzle people intentionally.)
  • be sure of / that-clause
  • E.g. Im sure that he is right just as I am sure
    that one plus one is two.

18
  • 20. And here Kate ended the quarrel by jumping
    up, as if she had a new thought.
  • Kate jumped up to bring the quarrel to the end by
    pretending that a new thought had struck her.
  • 21. Its a judgment on you, papa, about you know
    what.
  • You can give a judgment for your demands about
    the marriage.
  • A judgment will be passed on you for your
    unreasonable demands made on Robert and me.

19
  • 22. I can explain it in a minute.
  • in a minute immediately, at once
  • 23. Why, of course! said Smitherton after a bit
    of mock thought.
  • mock (adj.) artificial not real or true like
    (in appearance, taste, etc.) something real.
  • A bit of mock thought used in the sentence
    means Captain Smitherton was pretending to be
    thinking for a while. This way he would appear to
    be more convincing than otherwise, that is, he
    looked as if he had thought out the truth after
    some serious thinking.

20
  • 24. And it spins around from west to east in 24
    hours.
  • spin (v.) spun spinning
  • to turn round and round fast whirl
  • E.g. spin a top a wheel spinning on its axle
  • I spun round to see who had spoken.
  • 25. On the contrary is used when someone says a
    statement that is not true. Show a turning
    relationship between two sentences.
  • On the other hand is used to add a new
    different opposite statement to the original one.

21
  • For examples
  • A Its cold.
  • B On the contrary, its hot here.
  • Its cold, but on the other hand its not
    raining.
  • In contrast is also used in 2 very different
    facts that are both true, but it points out the
    surprising difference between them.
  • For example
  • It was cold yesterday, but in contrast its very
    hot today.

22
  • 26. We are all perfectly correct in our claims
    about this Sunday.
  • claim (n.)? a statement of something as fact
    ??,??. For example,
  • His claim to know the answer was not believed.
  • ? (for, on) a demand for sth. as ones own by
    right ??
  • ? (to, on) a right to something ??. For example,
  • The poor have a claim to our sympathy.
  • ? a sum of money claimed esp. from an insurance
    company ?????????????
  • 27. keep ones word ????
  • break ones word ??
  • give ones word ??
  • take ones word ??????
  • eat ones word ????????,?????
  • 28. plausible (adj.) looks reasonable

23
Conclusion
  • The title arouses our curiosity at once. Most of
    us are bound to ask, Is it possible for three
    Sundays to occur in a week? When we read on, we
    find the question answered satisfactorily though
    plausibly.
  • The plot is simple. Uncle Rumgudgeon insists that
    he will not give Robert consent to marry Kate
    until three Sundays occur in one week. To thwart
    the old mans wishes, Robert and Kate, with the
    help of two sailor friends, devise a scheme to
    trick him into believing that three Sundays did
    come together in one week. The scheme is
    pre-meditated and cleverly worded out. How the
    author develops the plot step by step, basing the
    argument on a fact, is well worth studying.

24
  • The language is lucid and it gives clues to the
    intention to trick the old man.
  • In short, we are told clearly that the young
    couples plan was cleverly designed and
    successfully carried out.

25
Assignment
  • Pick out the key words of the text.
  • Write a précis of Three Sundays in a Week.
  • Summarize what we have learnt today.
  • Write a one-paragraph narrative chronological
    order on A Happy / Sad / Gloomy / An
    Unforgettable Day in My Life.
  • OVER
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