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Current Employment Statistics

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Title: Current Employment Statistics


1
Current Employment Statistics Local Area
Unemployment Statistics Basics
  • Joseph Winter, CES/LAUS Supervisor

2
Two Labor Market Information Programsthat
Estimate Employment in Colorado Monthly
Current Employment Statistics (CES) andLocal
Area Unemployment Statistics (LAUS)
3
Value as an Economic Indicator
  • Data on employment and unemployment are used to
  • Evaluate the economic health of the States and
    the US.
  • Guide monetary policy decisions
  • Assess the growth of various industries
  • Contribute to other statistics, such as GDP
  • Detect and plan for swings in the business cycle
  • Guide decisions on plant location, sales, and
    purchases

4
CES AND LAUS
  • Current monthly estimates of employment
  • Federally-funded programs
  • Mandated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)

5
Why are there 2 different programs that estimate
employment?
  • 1. Two Different Surveys
  • CES Survey of Business Establishments
  • LAUS Survey of Households

2. CES and LAUS Cover Different Aspects of
the Labor Market
6
Why are there 2 different programs that estimate
employment?
  • Benefit of CES Employment by Industry
  • Benefit of LAUS Employment by County
  • Lets discuss each program in more detail

7
CES Survey of Business Establishments
  • Colorados CES program obtains employment data
    on over 5,000 business establishments every month
  • In order to obtain information on the number of
    jobs in Colorado, the CES program mails out this
    survey to businesses located in Colorado

8
Current Employment StatisticsHow is Employment
Defined?
  • CES employment is defined as the number of
    employees at a business establishment who receive
    pay for the pay period that includes the 12th of
    the month.
  • People who work on multiple payrolls are counted
    at each establishment.

9
Current Employment StatisticsWho is Included
as Employed in CES?
  • full time and part time workers
  • temporary workers
  • employees on paid holiday or sick leave
  • those who worked for only part of the pay period

10
Current Employment StatisticsWho is not
Included?
  • self employed
  • agricultural workers
  • volunteers
  • unpaid family workers
  • domestic workers
  • employees on leave without pay
  • employees who are on strike for the entire pay
    period

11
CES data is available by INDUSTRY
Employment is in thousands
12
Current Employment Statistics
CES Employment Data is Available for
  • Colorado Statewide
  • Denver Metro
  • Boulder
  • Colorado Springs

CES data is not available at the COUNTY level
13
Applying CES Data
  • When did Colorados employment peak?
  • How many jobs have been lost since employment
    peaked?

14
Applying CES Data
15
Applying CES Data
  • What has been happening to Construction
    employment in Colorado?
  • How does that compare with the number of building
    permits issued in Colorado?

16
Applying CES Data
How does Colorados construction employment
compare to the US?
17
Applying CES Data
What do the seasonal hiring patterns look like in
Leisure Hospitality?
18
Applying CES Data
How does that compare with hiring patterns in
Professional Business Services?
19
Measuring Colorados Employment
Recall that CES estimates employment from a
survey of business establishments LAUS measures
employment from a survey of households
20
LAUS Survey of Households
  • Colorados LAUS program obtains employment
    information on approximately 1,500 households
    every month
  • This information is obtained from the Current
    Population Survey conducted in cooperation with
    the Bureau of the Census
  •  

21
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22
Local Area Unemployment StatisticsWho is in the
Labor Force?
All civilian, noninstitutionalized persons 16
years of age or older classified as employed or
unemployed make up the labor force
23
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who is
Considered Employed in LAUS?
An employed person is one who, during the
calendar week of the 12th of the month, did one
of the following
  • Worked for at least 1 hour as a paid employee
  • Worked in their own business or on their own farm
  • Worked a minimum of 15 hours as an unpaid worker
    in an enterprise operated by a family member
  • Was not working but has a job from which they
    were temporarily absent

24
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does
this Include?
  • Self-employed
  • Full time and part time employees
  • Temporary employees
  • Farm workers
  • Unpaid family workers
  • Employees on leave without pay
  • Employees on paid holiday or sick leave
  • Domestic workers
  • Employees on strike
  • Individuals who work multiple jobs are only
    counted once

25
Local Area Unemployment StatisticsWho is
Considered Unemployed?
An unemployed person is one who meets ALL of the
following criteria
  • They were not employed during the calendar week
    of the 12th of the month
  • They were available for work during the calendar
    week of the 12th of the month
  • (3) And they made specific attempts to find
    employment some time during the 4-week period
    that ends with the week of the 12th of the month

26
Local Area Unemployment Statistics Who does
this Include?
  • An individual whose employment ends involuntarily
  • An individual who ends their employment
    voluntarily
  • An individual who has worked before but is not
    working prior to beginning their job search
    (often called a reentrant)
  • An individual who has never worked before and is
    entering the labor force for the first time
    (often called a new entrant)

REMEMBER They must be actively seeking
employment!
27
Local Area Unemployment StatisticsWho is not in
the Labor Force?
Those not in the labor force include all persons
age 16 or older in the civilian, noninstitutional
population who are not classified as employed or
unemployed
  • This includes discouraged workers who want to
    work, are available for a job, have looked for
    work sometime in the past 12 months, but are not
    currently looking for employment
  • What other individuals would not be counted in
    the labor force?

28
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29
Local Area Unemployment Statistics
Lets look at one of the most common applications
of LAUS data
Unemployment Rate The percentage of the labor
force that is unemployed
Number Unemployed Civilian Labor Force
Unemployment Rate

X 100
30
LAUS data is presented by COUNTY
31
Applying LAUS Data
How does Colorados Unemployment Rate compare
with the US?
32
Applying LAUS Data
How has the number of unemployed people in Denver
changed over the past 10 years?
33
Applying LAUS Data
How does that compare with Mesa County?
34
Applying LAUS Data
How does El Paso County compare with Teller
County?
35
Applying LAUS Data
36
Important Differences between CES and LAUS
  • Survey of businesses vs survey of households
  • Self employed not counted in CES
  • Agricultural workers not counted in CES
  • CES counts multiple job holders
  • Industry data vs County data

37
CES vs LAUS
  • Total Employment in Colorado
  • March 2004
  • CES 2,141,200
  • LAUS 2,363,900

38
Limitations to CES and LAUS
  • CES employment data is not available at the
    county level
  • LAUS employment data is not available at the
    industry level

Where can I find employment data by INDUSTRY
COUNTY?
39
Quarterly Census of Employment Wages
QCEW (also referred to as ES-202) employment and
wage data comes from Unemployment Insurance (UI)
Tax records and is published at the county and
industry level.
For Example Data can be obtained on the number
of people in Douglas County who are employed in
Construction
40
Quarterly Census of Employment Wages
Applying the Data
How does Construction employment in Douglas
County compare with Weld County?
41
Limitations to QCEW
  • Not as current as CES and LAUS
  • Not a time series break in January 2001
  • Does not include anyone who is not covered by
    unemployment insurance
  • Does not include self-employed

42
Finding the data that serves your needs
  • Things to consider
  • Do I need employment data by industry, county,
    or both?
  • How important is the timeliness of the data?
  • Do I need data that includes self-employed or
    agricultural workers?
  • Do I need information on wages?

43
Questions?
44
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