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Institutional Networks and Community-driven Adaptation and Mitigation

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Institutional Networks and Community-driven Adaptation and Mitigation. Ashwini Chhatre ... Capacity to balance adaptation and mitigation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Institutional Networks and Community-driven Adaptation and Mitigation


1
Institutional Networks and Community-driven
Adaptation and Mitigation
  • Ashwini Chhatre
  • University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

2
Adaptation, Mitigation, and Community
  • All adaptation is local
  • Some mitigation is local as well
  • Not all mitigation supports adaptation
  • Local integration of adaptation and mitigation

3
Institutional Mediation
4
Institutional Types
  • Public institutions
  • Elected local government
  • Line ministry agencies, para-statal organizations
  • Civic institutions
  • Producer organizations (cooperatives, etc.)
  • Membership-based non-profit organizations
  • Market institutions
  • Commodity markets
  • Credit market (banks, etc.)

5
Institutions, Networks, and Co-evolution
  • Articulation
  • Access
  • Feedback
  • Co-evolution

6
Adaptive Capacity
  • Adaptive capacity as a function of the density of
    cross-scale institutional networks
  • Capacity to balance adaptation and mitigation
  • Interventions to increase access and articulation
    to facilitate self-organization
  • Investments in local democracy information,
    knowledge, leadership

7
Forests, Adaptation, Mitigation
  • Estimated 1.2 billion people depend on forests
  • Forest degradation causes significant emissions
  • Reducing emissions from forest degradation
  • Promise of interventions in forestry
  • Potential negative consequences for the rural
    poor
  • Possibile win-win scenarios

8
REDD and Community Forestry
  • REDD Requirements
  • Reference scenarios
  • Monitoring
  • Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
  • Room for institutional experiments
  • Promise of community-owned forests
  • Positive impact of tenure security
  • Optimal use of local knowledge

9
From REDD to communities
  • A system of positive incentives
  • Lessons from community forestry for adaptation
    and mitigation
  • Limits of project-based interventions
  • Neglect of trade-offs and leakage
  • Poor targeting of vulnerable groups
  • National REDD credits and local distribution of
    benefits
  • Institutional networks, access, and articulation

10
Financial Mechanisms
  • Budget mechanisms Ring fencing
  • Poverty Action Fund, Uganda
  • Fiscal mechanisms Ecological value-added tax
  • ICMS Ecologico, Brazil
  • Market mechanisms Carbon as collateral for
    development
  • Micro-finance and savings credit groups
  • Public-private partnerships

11
Conclusion
  • Investment in institutional networks
  • Cross-scale interventions for community-level
    adaptation and mitigation
  • Central role of public institutions, especially
    elected local governments
  • A combination of financial mechanisms necessary
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