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Introduction of Food Safety Control System in China

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Administration requirement on food additive hygiene ... Compared to the old Law of Food Hygiene, the new law stresses more on the risk ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Introduction of Food Safety Control System in China


1
Introduction of Food Safety Control System in
China
  • Qiu Yueming
  • China National Institute of Standardization,
  • AQSIQ, P. R. China

2
Main Content
  • Introduction
  • Regulations and standards
  • Domestic supervision
  • Certification and Accreditation
  • Export food control
  • International co-operation
  • Rectification and consolidation
  • Conclusion

3
Introduction
  • The Chinese government, as it has always done,
    attaches great importance to food quality and
    safety.
  • It has established a whole system for food
    quality control and assurance enactment of food
    regulations and standards, supervision and
    administration, certification and accreditation,
    and export control.
  • To balance two needs
  • Advanced technologies and experience from
    developed countries and to meet their
    requirements of food laws and regulations,
  • Own economic and scientific status and
    productivity
  • Reached a high level in food quality control and
    food safety guarantee
  • Certain technologies /equipments advanced
  • Exported food qualification rate above 99
  • Monitoring and control system effective

4
Regulations and standards
  • Laws
  • Law on production quality
  • Law on food hygiene
  • Law on agricultural products quality and safety
  • Law on standardization
  • Law on Import and Export Commodity Inspection
  • Law on animal quarantine
  • Law on infectious disease protection and
    treatment
  • Law on entry-exit animal and plant quarantine
  • Agriculture law
  • Fishing law
  • etc.

5
Regulations and standards
  • Stipulations and detailed rules
  • Stipulated regulation on veterinary drug
    administration
  • Chinese veterinary pharmacopoeia
  • Stipulated regulation on pesticide
    administration
  • Stipulated regulation on feed and feed additives
    administration
  • Stipulated regulation on the implementation of
    the law of import and export commodity inspection
  • Stipulated regulation on the implementation of
    the law of entry- exit animal and plant
    quarantine
  • Quality and safety supervision requirements on
    food producing and processing plants

6
Regulations and standards
  • Stipulations and detailed rules
  • National standard administration requirements
  • Professional standard administration requirements
  • Regional standard administration requirements
  • Administration requirement on food additive
    hygiene
  • Administration requirements on feed additive
    hygiene
  • Requirements on organic food accreditation
  • Administration requirements for food processing
    enterprises in application for food hygienic
    registration abroad
  • Administration requirements on export commodities
    registration
  • Administrative requirements on restaurant food
    hygiene

7
Regulations and standards
  • The state administration of standardization is in
    charge of the planning, examine and verifying,
    numbering, and announce of national standard.
  • Four levels national standard, professional
    standard, regional standard, and enterprise
    standard
  • gt2,100 national standards(650 mandatory) gt2,900
    industrial (professional) standards.

8
Regulations and standards
  • Maximum residue limits 9
  • Food additive specifications 149
  • Special diet and nutrition 17
  • Food label 2
  • Control procedures in food manufacture 23
  • Determination methods and procedures 27
  • Hygienic requirements in products 89
  • Packing materials and their requirements 46

9
Regulations and standards
  • Important standards
  • GB 2760-2005, Application requirements and
    tolerance for food additives
  • GB 2761-2005, Maximum residue limits for
    mycotoxins in foods
  • GB 2762-2005, Maximum residue limits for
    environmental pollutants in foods
  • GB 2763-2005, Maximum residue limits for
    pesticides in food
  • Notification No 235 of MOA, Maximum residue
    limits of veterinary drug residues in food of
    animal origin

10
Domestic supervision
  • Principle
  • Prevention first, governance from the very
    origin
  • Working pattern
  • Unified leadership at national level,
    responsibilities shouldered by the local
    government, guidance and coordination provided by
    the ministries, joint actions taken by different
    parties

11
Domestic supervision
  • Four ministries
  • MOA ministry of Agriculture
  • AQSIQ General State Administration of Quality
    Supervision and Inspection and Quarantine
  • SAIT State Administration of Industry and Trade
  • MOH Ministry of Public Health

12
Responsibilities of the four ministries
13
Domestic supervision
  • MOA Action Plan for Hazard-Free Food to address
    pesticide and veterinary drug residue problems
    for agricultural products.
  • AQSIQ market access system to ensure food
    quality and safety random tests recall system
  • SAIT market inspection record and exam buy-in
    products, to check the licenses and issue
    invoices, and to keep records of trading
    accounts
  • MOH supervision in restaurants, risk assessment,
    coordination, investigation in serious food
    accidents

14
Domestic supervision
  • AQSIQ testing system
  • Domestic
  • 56 national food quality supervision and testing
    centers
  • 381 regional inspection labs
  • gt2000 county level inspection places
  • Export
  • 198 national key laboratories
  • 318 regional laboratories
  • The laboratories possesses instruments
    worth of 0.8 billion RMB. There are totally 100
    thousands of technicians.

15
Certification and Accreditation
  • Encourage enterprises to implement quality
    control system and to carry out advanced
    management standards.
  • Set up certification and accreditation system
  • GAP and HACCP have been put into operation in the
    areas of agricultural materials control,
    management of planting and breeding, food
    processing and manufacturing, packaging, storage
    and marketing.

16
Certification and Accreditation
  • Some standards
  • Notification on the Implementation of an
    Agricultural Products Certification and
    Accreditation System was issued by CNCA.
  • ChinaGAP GB/T20014.1-11 2004 standards
  • GMP 21 standards, in revision
  • HACCP GB/T 19537-2004 ( for vegetables),
  • 2 in plan
  • etc.

17
Certification and Accreditation
  • Issued 3,368 certificates for organic products,
  • accredited areas reaching 2.03 million
    hectares one of the top ten countries in terms
    of accredited organic area
  • 286 export-oriented enterprises and
    demonstrative fields for agricultural
    standardization in 18 provinces have been chosen
    as pilot places for the practice of GAP, among
    which, 210 have been accredited
  • 4,187 establishments have been granted the
    accreditation

18
Export food control
  • More emphasis and stricter supervision
  • export food safety supervision framework
  • one mode, ten systems
  • one mode
  • company farms standardization,
  • meaning raw materials of export oriented food
    establishments must come from qualified planting
    or breeding farms. All farms must have
    standardized planting and breeding, and must
    implement agricultural standardization system
    such as GAP.

19
Export food control
  • Ten systems
  • system of registration for farms,
  • monitoring system of epidemic diseases,
  • monitoring and control system of pesticide and
    veterinary drug residues,
  • system of hygienic registration for export food
    establishments,
  • system of classification and grading for
    enterprises,
  • system of assigning official inspectors and
    veterinarians to high-risk and large-scale export
    oriented food establishments,
  • system of statutory inspection and quarantine
    over food for export,
  • system of traceability and recall of unqualified
    products,
  • rapid alert system
  • system of red-list and blacklist for export
    oriented enterprises.

20
Export food control
  • By the end of 2007, registered export-oriented
    farms
  • 66,700 hectares of tea plantation,
  • 225,000 hectares of vegetable farms,
  • 1,754 pig farms,
  • 1,969 chicken farms,
  • 148 poultry farms (for eggs),
  • 47 rabbit farms, 990 aquaculture farms,
  • 503 eel farms.
  • registered enterprises for export 12,334

21
Export food control
  • system of red-list and blacklist
  • For the companies having a sound internal
    control system to ensure food safety and enjoying
    good reputation in importing countries, AQSIQ
    encourages them by putting them in the list of
    excellent enterprises (red-list) and granting
    them with favorable policies.
  • enterprises being notified of severe quality
    problems by importing countries, or evading
    export inspection quarantine, or even cheating
    local CIQ, AQSIQ punishes them by putting their
    names into illegal enterprises (blacklist) and
    at the same time, suspending their export, or
    canceling registration, or even revoking their
    sanitation registration certificates.

22
Export food control
  • Electronic supervision network
  • National Common Video Network Platform
  • real-time monitoring and supervision on raw
    materials, production, testing of finished
    products storage and transportation, and in the
    case the whole process is in compliance with
    relevant requirements, to give automatic green
    light to products for export.
  • three levels with AQSIQ headquarter at the
    top level to control the whole network and all
    spots, and provincial and local CIQs at the
    second and third levels

23
International co-operation
  • CAC CCFA, CCPR host country
  • Cooperation with Europe for food safety
  • Sino-Japan cooperation system
  • China and USA cooperation in food safety

24
Rectification and consolidation
  • Special rectification and consolidation actions
  • Re-examination of registered enterprises,
    re-accreditation of HACCP certification, labeling
    of packages, etc.
  • The packages of all food products intended for
    export must be put on CIQ label
  • All illegal susceptible import goods must be
    returned or destroyed all the 15,903 registered
    farms providing raw materials have been checked
    up
  • All the 12,793 registered food establishments
    have been checked up
  • All the.787 establishments for aquaculture
    intended for US markets have been verified for
    HACCP accreditation
  • A new law, the Law of Food Safety will be
    enforced soon. Compared to the old Law of Food
    Hygiene, the new law stresses more on the risk
    assessment and the punishment on violations is
    expected to be more severe.

25
Conclusion
  • After years of practice, years of learning
    and absorbing advanced technologies and
    experience from other countries, food safety
    control system in China has been improved
    gradually together with the growth of Chinas
    productivity. The system is effective in all
    aspects including legislation, law enforcement,
    supervision, and controlling. We are confident
    the system can assure the safety of Chinese food
    products. We are also confident that Chinas food
    safety control system will be bettered and
    further improved along with the development of
    science and technology.
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