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Africa

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Diet. No meat, eggs or milk (Wed or Fri) No poultry, beef or dairy before Easter ... Doctors and bad news. No middle name. Traditional medicine. Newborn care ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Africa


1
Africa
  • HAS 3190

2
Cape Verde
3
Language
  • Creole and Portuguese

4
Migration
  • U.S. whaling industry
  • Famine at home
  • Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
  • 400,000

5
Spiritual traditions
  • Catholic
  • Protestant

6
Family
  • Center of lives
  • Elders
  • Women
  • Neighbors

7
Diet
  • Katxupa (manchupa)

8
Illness and Death
  • Gods will
  • Disabled protected
  • Active in teaching
  • Empowering patients

9
Implications
  • Parents with children
  • Visits from parents
  • Intimidated
  • Adults and children
  • Internal sadness
  • Expressive
  • Wakes and funerals

10
Traditional Medicine
  • Curanderas or curiosas
  • Difluxan
  • Konta dodju

11
Other issues
  • Blood
  • Sleeping (Sangi durmidu)
  • Dead (Sangi mortu)
  • Bruised (Sange pezode)
  • Living Blood (Sangi vivu)

12
Ethiopia
13
Language
  • 80 dialects
  • Amharic

14
Migration
  • Repressive regime (mid-1970s)
  • Political turmoil in East Africa

15
Spiritual traditions
  • Orthodox (Coptic)
  • Muslim

16
Family
  • Women/girls
  • Large families
  • High divorce
  • Elders (aunt or uncle)

17
Diet
  • No meat, eggs or milk (Wed or Fri)
  • No poultry, beef or dairy before Easter
  • Muslims and Ramadan

18
Attitudes
  • Illness is a punishment
  • Mental illness evil spirits
  • Spirits in individuals
  • Healing appeases the spirits
  • Evil Eye

19
Cultural courtesies
  • Elders and hand shakes
  • Right hand for clean work
  • Muslim men and women dont touch

20
Communication Patterns
  • Doctors and bad news
  • No middle name

21
Traditional medicine
  • Newborn care
  • Older men
  • Fire burning
  • Stick heated and applied to skin
  • Herbal remedies
  • Prayer

22
Female Circumcision
  • Genital mutilation
  • Many believe
  • Defines sexual and social identity
  • Doesnt allow for sexual pleasure
  • Promotes health

23
Other relevant issues
  • Dont understand withholding treatment
  • News of pending death
  • Spanking children

24
Somalia
25
Language
  • Somali
  • Arabic

26
Migration
  • Escape wars (1991)
  • Resettlement programs

27
Religion
  • Sunni Muslim

28
Other issues Ethiopia
  • Family
  • Diet (Muslim)
  • Cultural courtesies
  • Traditional medicine
  • Issues relevant to hospitalization

29
Bush Medicine
  • Herbal medicine
  • African-Caribbean culture
  • Fever bush
  • Toothache bush
  • 70 of worlds population uses herbal medicine

30
Sangoma
31
Sangoma
  • Practitioner of herbal medicine
  • Belief in ancestral spirits calling
  • Trainee Twaza
  • Ritual sacrifice

32
Traditional Healers
  • Zulu, Swazi, Xhosa, Sotho, Tswana, Venda,
    Tsongo/Shangaan ethnic groups
  • Holistic and symbolic form
  • Ancestors give instructions

33
Guidance in Three Forms
  • Possession
  • Throwing bones
  • Dreams

34
Possession
  • Trance
  • Drumming
  • Dancing
  • Chanting
  • Provides specific information

35
Throwing bones
  • Collection of bones
  • Ancestors control how they lie

36
Dreams
  • Metaphors

37
Muti
  • Plant and animal origin
  • Powerful symbolism
  • Lion fat courage
  • Can be drunk, smoked, inhaled, used for washing,
    smeared, enemas or rubbed into an incision

38
Sangomas
  • Far outnumber western doctors
  • Consulted first (80)
  • Charlatans

39
South Africa
40
Health Care
  • Large public sector
  • Small private sector
  • Primary hi-tech
  • Nearly 200 private hospitals
  • Mining industry has 60 of its own
  • District-based health system

41
Video
The Phelophepa Health Train
42
Kwanzaa
  • African American and Pan-African
  • Dec 26 Jan 1
  • First harvest matunda ya kwanza

43
Kwanzaa
  • Ingathering of people
  • Reverence for creator
  • Commemoration of past
  • Recommitment to culture
  • Celebration of Good

44
Seven values Nguzo Saba
  • Umoja (Unity)
  • Kujichagulia (Self-determination)
  • Ujima (Collective work and responsibility)
  • Ujamaa (Cooperative economics)
  • Nia (Purpose)
  • Kuumba (Creativity)
  • Imani (Faith)
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