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Naval Traditions, Customs, Honors and Courtesy

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Title: Naval Traditions, Customs, Honors and Courtesy


1
Naval Traditions, Customs, Honors and Courtesy
2
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3
The Salute
  • History of the salute
  • Days of chivalry -- knights raised visors to
    friends for identification.
  • Borgias Family -- assassination by dagger was
    common. It was customary to approach other men
    with raised hand.

4
The Salute
  • U.S. Navy carried tradition over from Royal
    Navy--juniors uncovered to address seniors--was
    shortened to the salute as it is known today.
  • Significance of salute today
  • Time-honored tradition of courtesy among military
    personnel.
  • Expression of mutual pride and respect.

5
Types of Salutes
  • Hand salute
  • Hand salute under arms
  • Present arms
  • Sword salute
  • Eyes right" when passing in review

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7
Aboard Ships
  • Reporting aboard
  • Disembarking vessel
  • Salute officers at the first meeting of the day.
  • Salute the CO and all officers senior to him/her
    on every meeting.

8
Aboard Small Boats
  • Personnel in charge of boat not underway salute
    officers that come alongside or pass nearby.
  • Boat coxswain salutes all officers entering or
    leaving the boat.

9
Aboard Small Boats
  • During morning or evening colors the boat will
    lie to, and the coxswain and/or boat officer will
    come to attention and salute. All others will
    remain seated.

10
During the National Anthem
  • Not in formation and covered -- stand at
    attention, face the national ensign or the
    direction from which the music is coming, salute
    upon hearing the first note and hold until the
    last note is played.

11
During the National Anthem
  • In formation and covered -- formation is brought
    to attention/order arms. Formation commander
    faces national ensign or music and renders the
    salute for the formation.
  • Uncovered--face national ensign or music and
    stand at attention.

12
During the National Anthem
  • If in civilian clothes--remove hat, stand at
    attention, place right hand over heart.
  • These rules apply to foreign national anthems as
    well.

13
National Ensign
  • When passed by or passing the national ensign as
    it is being carried, or is uncased, or is in a
    military formation, all naval personnel shall
    salute.
  • Salute when boarding or disembarking vessels.
  • This also applies to foreign national ensigns.

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15
Military Funerals
  • Naval personnel remain covered while in the open,
    but uncovered during the committal service at the
    grave.
  • During burial service at sea, all personnel
    remain covered throughout the committal.

16
Military Funerals
  • As a general rule, remain covered for military
    ceremonies, but uncovered for religious
    ceremonies.
  • Personnel render salutes whenever honors are
    rendered.

17
In Buildings
  • Do not salute unless in the official capacity (on
    watch).
  • Salute in buildings only when failure to do so
    might cause embarrassment or a misunderstanding
    (i.e., Army or USAF).
  • When reporting to an office, do not render a
    salute.

18
Outside
  • If seated, a junior should rise and face the
    senior and render a salute and appropriate
    greeting.
  • When reporting on deck or outside ashore naval
    personnel will be covered and will render a
    salute.

19
In vehicle
  • Juniors salute all seniors who are riding in
    vehicles.
  • Those officers in the vehicle will return salutes
    as required.
  • The driver of the vehicle is obliged to salute if
    stopped, but has the option when moving for
    safety reasons.

20
Overtaking
  • When a junior passes a senior, pass to the left,
    salute when abreast and say "By your leave, sir
    or ma'am." The senior will return the salute and
    say, "Very well" or "Carry on.
  • If seniority is unknown always salute if in
    doubt.

21
Saluting situations - Walking with a Senior
  • Always walk to the left of the senior.
  • If the senior is saluted by personnel who are
    senior to the officer, do not salute until the
    senior officer does.

22
Meeting Seniors
  • Render salute at six paces or the nearest point
    of approach.
  • Hold salute until returned.
  • Accompany salutes with a greeting - "Good
    morning/afternoon/evening, sir or ma'am"

23
Meeting Seniors
  • Salutes are rendered to all officers of the Navy,
    Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard,
    foreign military officers, and civilian officials
    who rate gun salutes.

24
Relieving the watch
  • "I am ready to relieve you, sir" (salute)
  • "I am ready to be relieved" (salute)
  • "I relieve you, sir" (salute)
  • "I stand relieved

25
When not to salute
  • When uncovered.
  • In formation, except on command.
  • In a work detail (person in charge salutes).
  • When engaged in athletics.

26
When not to salute
  • If both hands are full.
  • In public places when inappropriate (i.e.,
    restaurant).
  • At mess.

27
WHEN IN DOUBT, SALUTE!
28
Junior does not Salute
  • Sternly request an immediate conference with that
    individual.
  • Remind the individual of the necessity for
    respect and deference to seniors.
  • Obtain a proper salute from the individual.

29
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30
Shipboard Courtesy - Quarterdeck
  • Honored, ceremonial part of a ship.
  • Use proper boarding, disembarking procedures.
  • Keep immaculate and ceremonial.
  • No smoking allowed in this area.

31
Shipboard Courtesy-Quarterdeck
  • Keep hands out of pockets.
  • Do not engage in horseplay.
  • Dont appear out of uniform.

32
Shipboard Courtesy-Quarterdeck
  • Officer of the Deck is in charge and represents
    the CO.
  • Responsible for the safety and security of the
    ship.
  • All officers are subordinate except XO and CDO.
  • Same rules apply if OOD is enlisted.

33
Boat and Vehicle Etiquette
  • Seniors board last and leave first.
  • Seniors sit towards the aft, juniors sit forward.

34
In or Near Enlisted Spaces
  • Treat with respect.
  • Always uncover if on the mess deck.
  • These spaces are the enlisted person's home!

35
Officers in Sick Bay
  • Uncover prior to entering (deference to sick or
    injured).
  • No smoking allowed.

36
Responses to Senior Officers
  • "Yes, sir"
  • "No, sir"
  • "Aye, aye sir" -- I understand and will carry out
    your order, sir.
  • "I do not know, but I will find out, sir"
  • "No excuse, sir" -- accept responsibility, don't
    blame others.

37
Relationships Between Officers and Enlisted
  • Demonstrate mutual respect.
  • Never become "buddy buddy.
  • Personal dignity is critical to successful
    leadership.

38
Relationships Between Officers and Enlisted
  • Be friendly and approachable.
  • Be fair, consistent, and firm.
  • Maintain calm, cool and collected disposition --
    Never "sweat the load" in front of troops.
  • Praise in public, but reprimand in private.

39
Courtesy Towards Women
  • Maintain civilian courtesies (i.e., open doors,
    ladies first, etc.).
  • End responses ma'am.

40
Religious Services
  • Uncover
  • Observe respect for religious observances on
    ship
  • Maintain quiet
  • No horseplay or card playing during services
  • The church pennant is the only flag to fly above
    the national ensign

41
Courtesy Calls
  • Call on CO aboard ship or station within 48 hours
    of reporting.
  • Call at the home of the CO, XO, and Department
    Head within two weeks of reporting. If married,
    wife should accompany the officer.
  • This courtesy is normally covered by a "Hail and
    Farewell" party.

42
Correspondence
  • When addressing members down your chain of
    command, or personnel of lesser rank than you,
    sign "Respectfully", or "R"
  • When addressing members up the chain of command,
    or officers higher in rank, sign "Very
    respectfully", or "V/R"

43
Relations Between Junior and Senior Officers
  • Always treat with respect and deference.
  • Don't "bad-mouth" seniors.
  • Uncover when entering a room in which a senior is
    present or is expected.
  • Come to attention when a senior enters.

44
Relations Between Junior and Senior Officers
  • Be punctual. Report back promptly when tasked
    for action.
  • Treat a request from a senior as an order.
  • Never extend a handshake to a senior first.
  • Never jump the chain of command.

45
Wardroom Etiquette
  • All officers belong to the wardroom mess.
  • The officer will be asked to contribute to the
    wardroom mess fund.
  • The mess treasurer handles the money and is an
    elected member.

46
Wardroom Etiquette
  • President of the Mess
  • CO on small ships
  • XO on large ships
  • Seating

47
Wardroom Rules of Etiquette
  • Remove cover prior to entering mess.
  • Always be in uniform (clean uniform).
  • If necessary to leave the mess early, the officer
    will excuse him or herself to the senior officer
    present.
  • Introduce any guests to others.

48
Rules of Etiquette - Wardroom
  • Never show up late for the mess.
  • If unavoidable, apologize and request permission
    to join.
  • Don't loiter about the mess during working hours.
  • Don't be noisy or boisterous.

49
Rules of Etiquette - Wardroom
  • Don't talk shop, religion, or politics
  • Pay mess bill promptly.
  • Wait for the senior member to sit before you do.
  • No enlisted personnel allowed.

50
Honors and Ceremonies
  • Morning and Evening colors.
  • Gun Salutes
  • Occasions for salutes are prescribed in Article
    1013 of U.S. Navy Regulations.
  • Procedures in NO pages 8-3 to 8-6.

51
Honors Between Ships
  • Given when ships or boats pass "close aboard.
  • Procedure between ships.
  • Dispensing with Honors.

52
Dispensing with Honors
  • Honors not rendered before 0800 or after sunset
    unless international courtesy requires it.
  • Not exchanged between U.S. Naval vessels engaged
    in tactical evolutions outside of port.

53
Dispensing with honors
  • The senior officer may dispense with honors.
  • Honors are not rendered or required by vessels
    with small bridge areas such as submarines.

54
Half-Masting the Ensign
  • For deceased official or officer, as directed.
  • When Directed by higher authority.
  • Procedures

55
Honors at Official Inspections
  • Honors are rendered based on Inspecting Officers
    Rank.

56
Personal Flags and Pennants
  • Flag officers are entitled to personal flags
  • Navy -- blue flag with white stars
  • Marines -- red flag with gold stars

57
Dining-In/Dining-Out
  • Formal dinners given by members of a naval unit,
    in order to demonstrate esprit de corps.
  • Dining-In -- only military officers from that
    unit.
  • Dining-Out -- military officers and their
    civilian spouses or friends.

58
Dining-In/Dining-Out
  • Typical Dining-In / Out
  • The dinner
  • Toasts
  • Fines
  • Decorum

59
Naval Customs and Traditions
  • First duty of every member of the naval service
    is to learn and conform to customs and
    traditions. It is the responsibility of everyone
    to know Navy heritage.

60
Naval Customs and Traditions
  • Etiquette and discipline are founded upon customs
    and traditions.
  • Process of socialization and learning a form of
    "corporate culture.

61
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62
PLATFORM OF THE DAYNIMITZ CLASS CARRIER (CVN)
Propulsion 2 Nuclear Reactors 4 shafts
9 ships in service
Sensors SPS-48 Radar SPS-49 Radar SLQ-32 ESM
Ships Weapons NATO Sea Sparrow (4) RAM (4)
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