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POLITICAL PARTICIPATION and VOTING

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WHY do people participate in politics generally? (not just voting! ... CONCLUSIONS. SHOULD WE BE CONCERNED ABOUT LOW POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND TURNOUT? ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: POLITICAL PARTICIPATION and VOTING


1
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION and VOTING
2
Outline of Lecture
  • Political Participation
  • Who participates, and how?
  • Explaining Political Participation
  • Why do people participate?
  • Voter Turnout

3
POLITICAL PARTICIPATION
  • What is political participation?
  • Forms of Political Participation

4
Who participates And how?
  • African Americans
  • Latinos
  • Asian Americans

5
Who participates And how?
  • Women v. Men
  • Religious Associations
  • Age

6
WHY do people participate in politics generally?
(not just voting!)
  • Socioeconomic Status
  • Resources
  • Civic Engagement
  • Recruitment
  • Institutional Mechanisms
  • Political Mobilization

7
No opinion
1
Why some people do not vote
No absentee ballot
1
No way to get to polls
3
Out of town
5
New resident
Did not register
6
31
Not a citizen
6
Voting was not convenient
7
7
Were working
10
Did not like candidates
7
8
8
Were ill
Not interested
No reason in particular
Source A November 1984 Gallup poll.
8
DECLINING TURNOUT?
9
Why has Turnout Declined?
  • 1. Parties Activities
  • 2. 26th Amendment
  • 3. Decline in Social Capital and Efficacy
  • How do we measure turnout?

10
PRESIDENTIAL TURNOUT
11
The Rationality of Voting
  • - Change the question from
  • Why dont people vote?
  • to
  • Why DO people vote?

12
TURNOUT A RATIONAL MODEL
  • The rational calculus of voting
  • p UD-R gt (CB CI)

13
Main Points from Rational Calculus
  • The fundamental assumption, that voters choose to
    vote because they wish to affect the election
    outcome, must be suspect.

14
and the socio-psychological response
  • Voting is determined by political involvement.

15
VOTING BY LEVEL OF INTEREST
16
VOTING BY LEVEL OF CONCERN
17
VOTING BY POLITICAL EFFICACY
18
VOTING BY SENSE OF DUTY
19
CONCLUSIONS
SHOULD WE BE CONCERNED ABOUT LOW POLITICAL
PARTICIPATION AND TURNOUT?
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