An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary School Students in South America Main Findings, May 2006 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary School Students in South America Main Findings, May 2006


1
An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary
School Studentsin South America Main Findings,
May 2006
2006 NIDA International Forum June 16 19,
2006 Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
Pernell Clarke Marya Hynes-Dowell Research
Specialists Inter-American Observatory on
Drugs CICAD
2
Summary of Presentation
  • Inter-American Drug Use Data System (SIDUC)
  • Overview of the School Survey Methodology
  • Results of comparative study
  • Summary of main findings
  • Conclusions and Policy implications

3
Introduction to SIDUC
  • SIDUC is a system that gathers data on the
    demand for and consumption of drugs
  • It utilises a number of research protocols and
    instruments to collect uniform indicators on
    various aspects of the drug phenomenon
  • It has been in existence for about 9 years
  • It has been applied throughout the hemisphere in
    various population segments

4
Objectives of SIDUC
  • Gather cross-sectional data on drug users
  • Gather longitudinal data
  • Gather data that is comparable across countries
    and across time
  • Provide statistics and other info for policy
    makers and program managers
  • Continuously monitor the drug problem in the
    hemisphere

5
Types of Protocols
  • Household Survey
  • Survey of Secondary School Students
  • University Students
  • Juvenile Offenders
  • Patients in Treatment Centers
  • Patients in Emergency Rooms

6
Secondary School Survey - Objectives
  • To estimate the prevalence of drug use in the
    student population
  • To estimate the incidence of drug use in the
    student population
  • Determine the age of first use, frequency of use
    and accessibility to drugs
  • Find out the characteristics of consumers vs.
    Abstainers
  • Determine level of knowledge about the effects of
    drugs

7
Secondary School Survey Objectives (contd)
  • To diagnose the problem of drug use among
    secondary school students
  • To inform he planning and implementation of
    prevention programs
  • To evaluate progress

8
METHODOLOGY
  • A representative sample of secondary school
    students is taken
  • Self-administered questionnaire is used to
    collect data
  • Data is entered and processed
  • Univariate and bivariate analyses are performed
  • Results are reported
  • Ideally, this process is repeated every 2-3 years

9
METHODOLOGY Contd
  • Coverage
  • National
  • Regional (State or Province)
  • Due to the differences in the age structure of
    the school population samples in the different
    countries, the prevalence rates were adjusted to
    a standard population.
  • The results presented here differ slightly from
    the individual country findings, which is a
    product of the adjustment.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Drug Use Among Students 14 - 17 years of age
South America
12
MARIHUANA USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
13
MARIHUANA IN STUDENTS 14 years and less, PAST
YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY

14
COCAINE USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
In Brazil this datum corresponds to cocaine and
coca paste
15
ECSTASY, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
16
INHALANT USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
17
USE of Pharmaceuticals without a Prescription
Amphetamine and Methamphetamine type stimulants
18
USE of Pharmaceuticals without a Prescription -
tranquilizers
19
ALCOHOL USE, PAST MONTH PREVALENCE BY COUNTRY
20
ALCOHOL Use, PAST MONTH PREVALENCE, 14 years or
less, By Country
21
POLYDRUG CONSUMPTION
22
PAST YEAR DRUG USE PREVALENCE, BY TYPE OF DRUG,
AND BY COUNTRY
23
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF DRUG USERS DURING THE
PAST YEAR, ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF DRUGS USED, AND
BY COUNTRY
24
Perception of Risk and Accessibility and its
association with drug use
25
MAIN FINDINGS
Although the overall prevalence rates are similar
across multiple countries, the patterns of drug
use are peculiar to each country, There are
however commonalities that should be of concern
to all countries.
26
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Commonalities
  • The level of alcohol use among secondary school
    youth is worrisome in every country,
  • Often exceeds 50,
  • Often Exceeds 30 in 14-year age group,
  • As high as 20 secondary school students smoke
    tobacco,

27
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Differences
  • The pattern of illicit drug use and inhalant use
    is peculiar to each country,
  • Marihuana consumption is higher in Uruguay,
    Colombia, and Argentina,
  • Cocaine use is higher in Argentina, Brazil and
    Colombia,
  • Ecstasy consumption appears to be significant
    drug of abuse in Colombia, inhalants in Brazil.

28
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Marihuana consumption in Uruguay reflect a high
    percentage of users who use this drug
    exclusively,
  • A similar pattern is found in Brazil with
    inhalants,
  • Argentina and Peru are the countries that have
    the highest levels of polydrug use.
  • Colombia shows measurable prevalence rates of
    almost all the different drugs

29
CONCLUSION
  • Although there are common concerns across
    countries
  • There is no single drug use pattern that
    describes the region as a whole
  • Need to examine with greater precision the
    reasons behind these differences legislation on
    pharmaceuticals, existence of prevention
    programs, cultural aspects, etc.

30
Thank You! Muchas Gracias!
For more information, contact Marya Hynes
Dowell Program Officer Specialist in Drug Abuse
Research Inter-American Observatory on Drugs,
Inter-American Drug Abuse Control
Commission Organization of American
States OID/CICAD/OAS mhynes_at_oas.org (202) 458-6119
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An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary School Students in South America Main Findings, May 2006

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Title: An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary School Students in South America Main Findings, May 2006


1
An Overview of Drug Use Among Secondary
School Studentsin South America Main Findings,
May 2006
2006 NIDA International Forum June 16 19,
2006 Scottsdale, Arizona, USA
Pernell Clarke Marya Hynes-Dowell Research
Specialists Inter-American Observatory on
Drugs CICAD
2
Summary of Presentation
  • Inter-American Drug Use Data System (SIDUC)
  • Overview of the School Survey Methodology
  • Results of comparative study
  • Summary of main findings
  • Conclusions and Policy implications

3
Introduction to SIDUC
  • SIDUC is a system that gathers data on the
    demand for and consumption of drugs
  • It utilises a number of research protocols and
    instruments to collect uniform indicators on
    various aspects of the drug phenomenon
  • It has been in existence for about 9 years
  • It has been applied throughout the hemisphere in
    various population segments

4
Objectives of SIDUC
  • Gather cross-sectional data on drug users
  • Gather longitudinal data
  • Gather data that is comparable across countries
    and across time
  • Provide statistics and other info for policy
    makers and program managers
  • Continuously monitor the drug problem in the
    hemisphere

5
Types of Protocols
  • Household Survey
  • Survey of Secondary School Students
  • University Students
  • Juvenile Offenders
  • Patients in Treatment Centers
  • Patients in Emergency Rooms

6
Secondary School Survey - Objectives
  • To estimate the prevalence of drug use in the
    student population
  • To estimate the incidence of drug use in the
    student population
  • Determine the age of first use, frequency of use
    and accessibility to drugs
  • Find out the characteristics of consumers vs.
    Abstainers
  • Determine level of knowledge about the effects of
    drugs

7
Secondary School Survey Objectives (contd)
  • To diagnose the problem of drug use among
    secondary school students
  • To inform he planning and implementation of
    prevention programs
  • To evaluate progress

8
METHODOLOGY
  • A representative sample of secondary school
    students is taken
  • Self-administered questionnaire is used to
    collect data
  • Data is entered and processed
  • Univariate and bivariate analyses are performed
  • Results are reported
  • Ideally, this process is repeated every 2-3 years

9
METHODOLOGY Contd
  • Coverage
  • National
  • Regional (State or Province)
  • Due to the differences in the age structure of
    the school population samples in the different
    countries, the prevalence rates were adjusted to
    a standard population.
  • The results presented here differ slightly from
    the individual country findings, which is a
    product of the adjustment.

10
(No Transcript)
11
Drug Use Among Students 14 - 17 years of age
South America
12
MARIHUANA USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
13
MARIHUANA IN STUDENTS 14 years and less, PAST
YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY

14
COCAINE USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
In Brazil this datum corresponds to cocaine and
coca paste
15
ECSTASY, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
16
INHALANT USE, PAST YEAR PREVALENCE, BY COUNTRY
17
USE of Pharmaceuticals without a Prescription
Amphetamine and Methamphetamine type stimulants
18
USE of Pharmaceuticals without a Prescription -
tranquilizers
19
ALCOHOL USE, PAST MONTH PREVALENCE BY COUNTRY
20
ALCOHOL Use, PAST MONTH PREVALENCE, 14 years or
less, By Country
21
POLYDRUG CONSUMPTION
22
PAST YEAR DRUG USE PREVALENCE, BY TYPE OF DRUG,
AND BY COUNTRY
23
PERCENT DISTRIBUTION OF DRUG USERS DURING THE
PAST YEAR, ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF DRUGS USED, AND
BY COUNTRY
24
Perception of Risk and Accessibility and its
association with drug use
25
MAIN FINDINGS
Although the overall prevalence rates are similar
across multiple countries, the patterns of drug
use are peculiar to each country, There are
however commonalities that should be of concern
to all countries.
26
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Commonalities
  • The level of alcohol use among secondary school
    youth is worrisome in every country,
  • Often exceeds 50,
  • Often Exceeds 30 in 14-year age group,
  • As high as 20 secondary school students smoke
    tobacco,

27
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Differences
  • The pattern of illicit drug use and inhalant use
    is peculiar to each country,
  • Marihuana consumption is higher in Uruguay,
    Colombia, and Argentina,
  • Cocaine use is higher in Argentina, Brazil and
    Colombia,
  • Ecstasy consumption appears to be significant
    drug of abuse in Colombia, inhalants in Brazil.

28
MAIN FINDINGS
  • Marihuana consumption in Uruguay reflect a high
    percentage of users who use this drug
    exclusively,
  • A similar pattern is found in Brazil with
    inhalants,
  • Argentina and Peru are the countries that have
    the highest levels of polydrug use.
  • Colombia shows measurable prevalence rates of
    almost all the different drugs

29
CONCLUSION
  • Although there are common concerns across
    countries
  • There is no single drug use pattern that
    describes the region as a whole
  • Need to examine with greater precision the
    reasons behind these differences legislation on
    pharmaceuticals, existence of prevention
    programs, cultural aspects, etc.

30
Thank You! Muchas Gracias!
For more information, contact Marya Hynes
Dowell Program Officer Specialist in Drug Abuse
Research Inter-American Observatory on Drugs,
Inter-American Drug Abuse Control
Commission Organization of American
States OID/CICAD/OAS mhynes_at_oas.org (202) 458-6119
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