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Relationships with Families, Communities, and Professionalism


Relationships with Families, Communities, and Professionalism ... The median income of families with children hasn't kept up with inflation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Relationships with Families, Communities, and Professionalism

Relationships with Families, Communities, and
  • Relationships, Structure, Ethnicity, Culture

Family Structure
  • Traditional Nuclear Family
  • Extended Family
  • Todays Families
  • (Handout) Family Examples
  • Trusting information to make important decisions
  • Family Values

Parents and Family Life
  • Ellen Galinsky has studied work and family life
    she did a recent study and looked at childrens
    perspectives. Over 1,000 children and 600
    parents were interviewed about parental
  • The children were asked If you were granted
    one with that would change the way that your
    mothers/fathers work affects your life, what
    would that wish be?

Study Continued
  • 56 of the parents thought the children would
    wish to have more time with them.
  • The Children, however, wished that their mothers
    (34 percent) and fathers(27.5 percent) would be
    less stressed and tired. Eight themes emerged
    from the study.

8 Themes
  • Working is not good or bad for children its the
    parenting that makes the difference.
  • Its not just mothering thats important
    fathering is important too.
  • Its not quality or quantity time that make the
    difference both make a difference
  • Parents jobs affect how they parent.

8 Themes Continued
  • 5. Children are worried about parents
  • because of the stress they bring
  • home.
  • 6. Children arent aware that their parents like
    their jobs as much as they actually do.
  • 7.Child care does not supplant parent care. If
    properly done it supports the families.
  • 8. A large number of parents dont know what
    goes on in their childrens lives.

Family Awareness
  • Activity on Family and Community Reflection.
  • Community Mapping Discussion and handout.

Praxis Review
  • How could a preschool program use community
    resources to enhance student learning? Indicate
    5 ways to access community resources and 5 ways
    in which students could contribute to the

Family Socialization
  • Development of trust
  • The development of independence
  • The tendency to take initiative
  • The sense of competence and ambition
  • Decisions about who one is
  • Relationships with others
  • Decisions about future generations
  • Reflections on ones life

Praxis Review
  • How is a childs learning affected by family and
    community characteristics, such as family
    structure, socioeconomic conditions, home
    language, ethnicity, religion, or culture, and
    stresses and supports, such as special needs,
    births, deaths, or divorce? Indicate 5 ways in
    which a teacher could be informed of these
    characteristics without violating the privacy of
    the individual families.

Family Structures
  • Activity Lets explore the types of families we
    deal with every day.
  • Matriarchal Organizations Mother is the primary
    adult with the authority.
  • Patriarchal Organizations Father is the primary
    adult with the authority.
  • Egalitarian Organizations Authority is shared by
    both adults.

Contemporary Challenges Faced by Families
  • Child Stress
  • Separation anxiety
  • Sibling rivalry
  • Transition to school
  • Peer pressure
  • Learning to develop independence

Challenges Cont.
  • Parent Stress
  • Economic pressures
  • Crime
  • Traffic
  • Job
  • Child responsibilities
  • Child care stress
  • What are some symptoms of a stressful family?

  • Disruptive to the family
  • Heightened anxiety and stress
  • Child feeling stuck in the middle
  • Realistic understanding of the situation
  • Developing healthy relationships
  • Teacher and parent supporting the child or

  • Involving the father
  • Head Start Mandated to become father friendly
  • Two parent conferences
  • Inviting fathers to Donuts for Dad
  • Dealing with the binuclear family situation.
    (parents share custody)

  • Activity Could you survive in poverty?
  • 20 of children under the age of 5 living below
    the poverty line.
  • Black children 34/Hispanic 30
  • Early childhood poverty can disrupt cognitive
    development and is associated with social and
    emotional problems

Poverty Cont.
  • Parenting, care giving, and interactions with
    children may be jeopardized by the stresses of
  • The median income of families with children
    hasnt kept up with inflation
  • Child care expenses and other work-related
    benefits are shrinking and employers dont
    provide many fringe benefits.

Statistics Each Day in America
  • 1 mother dies in childbirth.
  • 4 children are killed by abuse or neglect.
  • 5 children or teens commit suicide.
  • 77 babies die before their 1st birthday.
  • 367 babies are born without prenatal care.
  • 888 born at low birth weight.
  • 1,154 born to teen mothers.
  • 1701 born without health insurance.
  • 2252 born to mothers with no H.S. education.
  • 2,482 children are confirmed as abused or

  • Resources What resources does a child need to
    attend school? Lets look at some scenarios…

Family Involvement in Early Childhood Education
  • Significant research over the last 25 years has
    demonstrated that family involvement is critical
    to the educational success of children
    (Kniepkamp, 2005, p. 16).
  • When schools acknowledge the relevance of
    childrens homes and cultures and promote family
    involvement, they can develop a supportive
    environment for learning through meaningful
    activities that engage and empower families
    (Ramey, 1999).

Benefits to Students
  • Higher grades and test scores
  • Better attendance and more homework done
  • Fewer placements in special education
  • More positive attitudes and behavior
  • Greater enrollment in postsecondary education

Everyday Families
  • Studies have shown that families whose children
    experience success in school found the following
    in their home life
  • A daily routine that includes chores.
  • Modeling the value of learning, self-discipline
    through family conversations.
  • Setting high but reasonable expectations
  • Encouraging childrens efforts and progress in
  • Using family resources for family needs.

Praxis Review
  • Design an activity that would create a welcoming
    environment that promotes family involvement and

Building Partnerships with Families
  • NAEYC guidelines recommend the following
  • Mutual respect in relationships between teachers
    and families.
  • Early childhood educators work in collaborative
    partnerships with families establishing regular
    and frequent communication.
  • Parents are welcome in the program and
    participate in the decisions about their
    childrens care and education

Partnerships Cont.
  • 4. Early childhood educators acknowledge
    parents choices and goals for children and
    respond to those concerns.
  • 5. Teachers and parents share their knowledge of
    the child and understanding of childrens
    development and learning as part of day-to-day
    communication and planned conferences.

Praxis Review
  • Design an outline for a parent conference
    concerning one of your students. Indicate 5
    strengths that you have observed in the student.
    List three areas that parents could reinforce at
    home. Be specific concerning the parental
    support, indicating materials and methods that
    the parents could utilize.

Basic Tenets of Successful Programs
  • The first is that parents are their childrens
    first teachers and have a lifelong influence on
    their childrens values, attitudes, and
  • Childrens educational success requires
    congruence between the values that are taught at
    school and the values expressed in the home.

Basic Tenets Cont.
  • Most parents, regardless of their level of
    education, economic status, or cultural
    background, care deeply about their childrens
    education and can provide substantial support if
    given specific opportunities and knowledge.
  • Schools must take the lead in eliminating, or at
    least reducing, traditional barriers to parental

Epsteins 6 Types of Involvement
  • Parenting
  • Communicating
  • Volunteering
  • Learning at Home
  • Decision Making
  • Collaborating with the Community
  • Activity Get into groups and fill out the
    following chart.

  • In 1990 IDEA replaced the Education of the
    handicapped Act.
  • IDEA 1997 It shifted the focus to improved
    teaching and learning through the I.E.P. It
    increased the parents role as a decision maker
    and promoted meaningful access to the general

IDEA Cont.
  • It also strengthened preference for children
    with disabilities to be educated and receive
    services with their non-disabled age-mates in
    typical early childhood settings (Smith
    Rapport, 1999). Part B of this law provided
    resources and services for children ages 3
    through 5 with developmental delays or a
    certified disability. (IFSP)

IDEA 2004
  • Highly Qualified Teachers
  • Individualized education programs must contain
    annual goals that are measurable along with a
    description of the childs progress in meeting
    those goals.
  • Specific learning disabilities A new provision
    releases schools from the current to show a
    severe discrepancy between achievement and
    intellectual ability to determine if a child has
    a specific learning disability.

Praxis Review
  • What are the responsibilities of a teacher in
    serving as an effective advocate for children?

  • Physical Abuse
  • Bruises
  • Burns
  • Fractures
  • Behavioral Indicators
  • Unexplained behaviors such as apprehension
  • Chronic tardiness, increased withdrawal, the need
    to talk to someone (journals)

Abuse Cont.
  • Inability to establish good peer relations
  • Restlessness or inability to sit down.
  • Physical Neglect We know the signs…unfortunately
  • Sexual Abuse
  • Unwillingness to change clothes
  • Bizarre, sophisticated or unusual behaviors or
  • Verbal report of sexual relations with parent.

Abuse Cont.
  • 4. Fear of certain people or places.
  • Clinging to a parent more than usual
  • Behaving as a younger child
  • Acting out the abuse with dolls
  • Excessive masturbation
  • Emotional Abuse
  • 1. Withdrawn or apathetic behaviors

Abuse Cont.
  • Antisocial or acting-out behaviors
  • Thumb or lip sucking
  • Constantly seeking out affection
  • Attempted suicide
  • Antisocial or destructive behavior
  • Sleep disorders
  • Hysteria phobias, or compulsive traits

  • Portfolios Most of the time the teacher keeps
    these. Why not have the student help to select
    work to go into the portfolio? Discussion….

Timeline Scenarios
  • Unit Portfolio
  • Collect items for 3-4 weeks.
  • Conduct conferences in the last week.
  • Grade the last week
  • Semester Portfolio
  • Collect the entire semester
  • Allow 1 week for the students to select, reflect,
    and organize the portfolios
  • 1 week for conferences and 1 week for grading.

  • Year-long Portfolio
  • Collect 1-2 items each week.
  • Review all items at the end of each quarter and
    select 3-4 items.
  • Allow 2-3 weeks for reflection, organization and
  • Allow 1-2 weeks for grading.

  • Best Work
  • Most Difficult
  • Most Creative
  • A Nightmare
  • First Draft-more to come…

Metacognitive Reflections
  • Reflective Stems
  • This piece shows Ive met standard _____because…
  • This piece shows I really understand the content
  • This piece showcases my _____intelligence
  • If I could show this piece to anyoneI would show
    it to _____ because…

Reflective Stems Cont.
  • People who knew me last year would never believe
    this piece because…
  • This piece was my greatest challenge because…
  • My parents, friend, teacher, liked this piece
  • One thing I have learned about myself is…

A Shorter Version
  • What does this piece show about me?
  • What did I do well in this piece?
  • What do I still need to practice?
  • What help do I need?

Metacognitive Reflection
  • Teacher Reflective Questions
  • What were you expected to do?
  • In this assignment, what did you do well?
  • If you had to do this task over, what would you
    do differently?
  • What help do you need from me?

A Few More Questions
  • One idea I learned today is…
  • The fact that really surprised me is…
  • One thing Ill remember 25 years from now is…
  • One idea I would like to learn more about is…

A Few Final Thoughts!
  • Graphic Organizers Handout
  • Discussion Lets look at the handout concerning
    graphic organizers and share ways we have used
    them in the classroom and how could they be used
    or adapted in a pre-school setting?