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Grants for Health Services Research from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AHRQ

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Improving Patient Safety through Simulation Research. 8 to 10 grants of $2,400,000 ... in new research grants. These grants will continue research in our 10 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Grants for Health Services Research from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality AHRQ


1
Grants for Health Services Research from the
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
Ryan Mutter, Ph.D. Agency for Healthcare
Research and Quality April 19, 2006 UMBC Office
of Sponsored Programs
2
AHRQ
  • Federal agency
  • Component of DHHS
  • 318 million budget
  • Approximately 80 percent of AHRQ's budget is
    invested in grants and contracts focused on
    improving healthcare.

3
Two Types of Research
  • New Knowledge
  • Translation and Implementation

4
Mission
To improve the quality, safety, efficiency, and
effectiveness of healthcare for all Americans
5
Mission
  • AHRQ achieves its mission through programs
    designed to
  • Improve clinical practice
  • Improve the healthcare system's ability to
    provide access to and deliver high quality,
    high-value healthcare
  • Provide policymakers with the ability to assess
    the impact of system changes on outcomes,
    quality, access to, cost, and use of healthcare
    services.

6
Areas of Emphasis
  • System capacity and bioterrorism
  • Data development
  • Care management
  • Cost, organization, and socio-economics
  • Health information technology
  • Quality/safety of patient care
  • Long-term care
  • Pharmaceutical outcomes
  • Training
  • Prevention

7
Growing Focus on Results
  • Research promoting AHRQ goals
  • Actionable research results
  • Shorter research turnaround
  • More demonstrations, planning, evaluation
    projects (often done through contracts)
  • Leveraging funds for broad impact
  • Priority populations policy

8
Grant Example (1) Impact of Specialty Hospitals
on Procedure Utilization
  • RO1, PI B. Nallamothu
  • Background concern that specialty hospitals
    siphon off most profitable procedures from
    general hospitals and create supplier induced
    demand for these procedures.
  • Policy implications relevant to debate in
    Congress over whether to declare moratorium on
    specialty hospital construction
  • Aim 1 Impact of opening of specialty hospitals
    on volumes for 4 procedures (e.g., coronary
    artery bypass total knee anthroplasty) at
    competing general hospitals
  • Aim 2 Impact on population rates for 4
    procedures
  • Design longitudinal analysis of population level
    data by regions
  • Data Medicare 1994-2000

9
Grant Example (2)Public Reporting (PR) and
P4PImpact on Safety Net Hospitals (SNHs)
  • R03, PI Adams Dudley
  • Background Much activity and interest but little
    research on impact of PR and P4P on SNHs
  • Questions (1) What are SNH executives concerns
    about PR and P4P and their suggestions for future
    programs? (2) How feasible and acceptable are
    their suggestions in view of regulators, payers,
    and non SNH executives?
  • Method Documentary analysis of regulations and
    practices in Californina, qualitative in-depth
    interviews with 2 types of hospital executives
    and other stakeholders.
  • Analysis iterative using qualitative software

10
Funding Announcements
  • Requests for Applications (RFAs)
  • stimulate activity in AHRQ programmatic research
    priority areas
  • single application receipt date is specified
  • amount of funds earmarked for the initiative and
    the number of awards likely to be funded
    announced
  • Program Announcements (PAs)
  • continuing, new, or expanded program interests
    for which grant or cooperative agreement
    applications are invited

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14
RFAHS-06-030
  • Improving Patient Safety through Simulation
    Research
  • 8 to 10 grants of 2,400,000
  • Use simulation to mirror, anticipate, or amplify
    real situations with guided experiences in a
    fully interactive way (e.g., mannequins are used
    for teaching CPR)

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16
PA-00-111
  • AHRQ Health Services Research
  • Primarily R01s
  • R01 is a large research grant
  • Large means over 100,000
  • Special Emphasis Note describes current Agency
    priorities

17
Special Emphasis Note FY 2006
  • Redesign and Evaluation of Patient Centered Care
    for Chronically Ill
  • Coordination of care across settings
  • Health education and patient self-management
  • Strategies to reduce disparities
  • Organizing care
  • Implications for professional education and
    training
  • Impact of strategies, structures, and practices
    on access and clinical outcomes
  • Financial implications of care coordination
  • Cost-effective health system improvements
  • Pay for performance

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19
PA-00-111
  • AHRQ always encourages
  • partnerships with private and public
    organizations to facilitate development and
    sharing of scientific knowledge and resources
  • cost-sharing mechanisms
  • projects that will produce results within 2-3
    years
  • results that can be integrated rapidly in
    practice and policy.

20
PAR-01-040
  • AHRQ Small Research Grant Program
  • Primarily R03s
  • R03 is a small research grant
  • Small means under 100,000
  • Ideal for new investigators
  • Special Emphasis Note applies

21
PA-03-117
  • AHRQ Grant Program for Large Conference Support
  • R13 mechanism
  • direct costs of more than 50,000 per year OR
  • project period of longer than 1 year, but not
    exceeding 5 years

22
PA-03-117
  • Intended to complement and promote AHRQ's core
    research by providing a mechanism
  • to develop health services research agendas and
    identify strategies for studying them
  • to discuss and develop consensus around
    methodological and technical issues
  • to disseminate health services research
    information and facilitate adoption of research
    findings
  • to develop partnerships with stakeholder
    organizations and build their capacity to
    participate in research activities and use the
    results of health services research.

23
PA-06-074
  • Small Grant Program for Conference Support
  • Small conference grants are those with direct
    costs of 50,000 or less over the project period.
  • Applicants may request full or partial support
    for conferences. (Requests for partial support
    are encouraged.)

24
PAR-06-118
  • AHRQ Grants for Health Services Research
    Dissertation
  • R36 mechanism
  • Total direct costs awarded must not exceed
    35,000 for the entire project period, which
    should be a minimum of nine months and not to
    exceed 17 months in duration

25
PA-00-069
  • Predoctoral Fellowship Awards for Minority
    Students
  • Up to five years of support for research training
    leading to the Ph.D. or equivalent research degree
  • New announcement due May 1, 2006

26
Other PAs
  • PA-00-010
  • Mentored Clinical Scientist Development Award
  • K08 mechanism
  • See website for co-sponsored PAs
  • Often co-funded with NIH
  • Typically use R01, R03, etc. mechanisms

27
FY 2007 -- Patient Safety
  • FY 2007 Planning Level 84 million
  • 35.2 million Ambulatory Patient Safety Program
    (29.4 M HIT funds and 5.8 M in general PS
    funds)
  • Patient Safety Quality Improvement Act

28
Ambulatory Patient Safety Program
  • Current public and private sector patient safety
    programs have focused largely on care for
    hospitalized patients
  • This investment will focus on ambulatory
    settings.
  • Primary focus will be improving the safety and
    safe use of medications.
  • Will use health information technology

29
FY 2007Non-Patient Safety Research
  • 17.1 million in new research grants
  • These grants will continue research in our 10
    portfolios of work with an increased focus on
    knowledge translation.

30
Applying for a Grant
  • Submit the application
  • Application reviewed by study section
  • Revise and resubmit application
  • Application with low technical merit score (lower
    is better) go to funding meeting where decision
    to fund is made based on programmatic concerns.

31
Submission Dates
  • Mechanism Cycle 1 Cycle 2 Cycle 3
  • R01, R13, Feb 1 June 1 Oct 1
  • K08
  • R03 Mar 24 July 24 Nov 24
  • R36 Apr 10 Aug 10 Dec 10

See website for updates and further details.
32
Study Sections
  • Applications are scored
  • 1.0-1.5   Outstanding1.5-2.0   Excellent2.0-2.5 
      Very Good2.5-3.5   Good3.5-5.0   Acceptable
  • Applications are ranked
  • Shows the relative position of each application's
    score among all scores assigned by a study
    section at its last three meetings.

33
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34
Your Successful Application
  • Leads to important research
  • Fits well with AHRQs priorities
  • Meets requirements of specific program
    announcement
  • Rates high on scientific merit
  • Will produce research that matters

35
Application Fundamentals
  • Plan Choose problem. Develop hypotheses, design,
    project plan
  • Write concept paper
  • Consult colleagues agency program staff
  • Build a strong team Cover methods, topics, sites
  • Present well Write a clear convincing
    application
  • Revise and resubmit

36
1. Planning
  • Scientific plan
  • Literature, background
  • Hypotheses
  • Design aims (stages) and procedures for each
    aim
  • Instrument development and pilots
  • Research implementation plan including
    contingency plans
  • Project plan
  • Budget
  • Access to sites and data
  • Human subjects informed consent, protocols
  • IRB approvals
  • Institutional arrangements and approvals

37
1. Planning (Contd)
  • Finding a research mechanism
  • How much has already been done to address your
    research question?
  • Do you have pilot data?
  • What is the necessary timeframe?
  • What are the needed resources?

38
2. Writing Concept Paper
  • Main hypothesis or research questions
  • State of the field
  • Design
  • Sample
  • Design (e.g. cross-sectional, prospective, RCT,
    case study)
  • Data gathering methods
  • Statistical methods
  • Fit with Agency/ support mechanism
  • Distinctive competencies of investigator team
  • Questions

39
3. Consulting Others
  • Senior investigators and mentors -- at your
    institution and elsewhere
  • Campus research office
  • Peers
  • Program officers
  • Website and printed resources
  • Potential co-funders
  • Stakeholders, user groups
  • Workshops

40
4. Team Building
  • Grants experience
  • Subject expertise
  • Methodological expertise
  • Professional expertise
  • Links to research sites
  • Team dynamics time commitments, leadership,
    coordination
  • Stakeholder and user involvement
  • Letters of cooperation
  • Access to sites
  • Dissemination plan

41
5. Presenting the Application
  • State the distinctive contribution and relevance
    to program announcement
  • Provide a tight scientific plan
  • Be concrete define terms, give examples
  • Use graphics for complex relations
  • Provide measurement tools and findings from
    pilots
  • Anticipate questions about design and methods
  • Spell out project implementation, including
  • Cooperating sites, researchers
  • Data access
  • Team members, contributions, coordination
  • Timetable
  • Products

42
5. Presenting (Contd)
  • Writing tip
  • Study section members and agency staff are busy
    people, so
  • Make it easy for them to understand why your
    application should be given a high score and be
    generously funded!

43
6. Revise and Resubmit
  • Expect criticism
  • Respond to comments systematically and
    non-defensively
  • Specify how you dealt with comments
  • Be prepared to resubmit elsewhere or try another
    idea at same agency

44
6. Revising (Contd)Responding to Comments
  • Before... While the hypothesis is original, the
    significance and ultimate impact in the health
    care field are questionable. ..The application
    is a useful academic exercise with limited
    practical applications. .. There is a lack of
    clinicians in the study..The need for proposed
    methods development is not well justified. Why
    would the setting studied be different from
    other well-researched settings?
  • After This is a well-designed study to adapt
    body of theory and methods to the field. The
    investigators were extremely responsive to
    initial review. In general, this is an
    outstanding study from a strong, experienced team
    of investigators, which includes knowledgeable
    clinicians. The study fills an important
    knowledge gap It is likely to produce important,
    policy-relevant findingsThere is a need for a
    series of examples of how the tool will be used.
    The committee needs a clear sense of what the
    researchers are doing and where they are going.

45
AHRQ is Transitioning to Electronic Submission of
Applications
  • The current PHS 398 application will be replaced
    by the Standard Form (SF) 424 Research and
    Related (RR) application.
  • Details are available on the website

46
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47
Help is Available
  • Program Officers, such as myself, want to provide
    you with assistance
  • Staff contacts are listed on the website

48
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49
Help is Available
Materials providing further information developed
by Michael Harrison, Ph.D. and colleagues
available at http//www.esi-bethesda.com/grantsm
anship/presentations.htm
My contact information Ryan Mutter 301-427-1415
rmutter_at_ahrq.gov rmutte1_at_umbc.edu
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